List of tallest buildings in the world


List of tallest buildings in the world

These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by
*structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building);
*highest point on the building.

These lists include only completed or topped-out buildings with continuous occupiable floors (high-rise buildings). For lists that include non-building structures, see
*List of tallest buildings and structures in the world
*List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
*List of tallest structures in the world
*List of towers

Ranking criteria and alternatives

Emporis ranks the buildings by highest architectural structural element, which means [http://standards.emporis.com/?nav=realestate&lng=3&esn=19417]
*height of "spire", "statue", or any other "architecturally integral element" count towards the height of the building;
*height of "antenna", "flagpole", or other detail "not classified as architecturally integral element" does not count towards the height of the building;
*"roof height" is only relevant if no higher architecturally-integral element is present.

This naturally hurts the rankings of buildings without spires, or with antennas instead of spires. The most famous such discrepancy is that Malaysian Petronas Towers (with spire on top) is ranked higher than the US Sears Tower (with antenna on top) despite having lower roof and lower highest point (of spire/antenna).

Alternative lists of high buildings are maintained by nongovernmental US organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. These lists, first defined and compiled in 1996 as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller, rank buildings in four categories: height of structural or architectural top; height of highest occupied floor; height to the top of roof; height to top of any part of the building. Currently Taipei 101 tops all categories except highest point, where the Sears Tower is highest, and height of highest occupied floor, which goes to the Shanghai World Financial Center.


Tallest skyscrapers by architectural detail (top 200)

kyscrapers under construction

This section contains list of skyscrapers taller than 300 metres under construction.

Notes

:A. note label|note01|A|^Destroyed buildings not included, notably the New York World Trade Center towers, which would be in the top 10.:B. note label|note02|B|^Topped out in 1992, under construction.:C. note label|note03|C|^Height of roof:D. note label|note04|D|^Year completed

References

External links

* [http://www.emporis.com Emporis] , international database and gallery of buildings
* [http://www.structurae.de Structurae] , international database and gallery of structures
* [http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showthreaded.php?Cat=0&Board=EarthTourism&Number=231037 World's Tallest Skyscrapers] , placemarks of skyscrapers for Google Earth
* [http://homepages.ipact.nl/~egram/buildings.html The World's Tallest buildings] list, including u/c and planned buildings, plus historical lists by decade
* [http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=548772 Favourite Supertall Project] , a poll to find the most popular new skyscraper being built. All projects over 450 m in height are listed.


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