:"This article is about Volvo Group - AB Volvo;
Volvo Carsis the passenger vehicle maker owned by Ford Motor Company, using the Volvo Trademark."Infobox_Company
company_name = AB Volvo
company_type = Public (OMX|SSE366|VOLV B)
foundation = 1927 by
products = Trucks
Marine and industrial power system
Chairman) Leif Johansson
President) & (CEO)
US$ 20.67 Billion ("2008")
revenue = loss 285.405 Billion SEK ("2007")
operating_income = profit 22.231 Billion SEK ("2007")
net_income = loss 14.932 Billion SEK ("2007")
assets = increase 321.647 Billion SEK ("2007")
equity = decrease 82.202 Billion SEK ("2007")
num_employees = aprox 24,500 ("2007")
homepage = [http://www.volvogroup.com/ www.volvogroup.com] [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/investors/financial_reports/interim_reports/ Report on 2007 Operations] [http://www.allabolag.se?5560125790 www.allabolag.se]
The Volvo Group is a Swedish supplier of commercial vehicles such as
trucks, buses and construction equipment, drive systems for marine and industrial applications, aerospacecomponents and financial services. The then auto manufacturer was founded on April 14, 1927 in the city of Gothenburg, as a spin-off from the roller ball bearing maker SKF. Volvo delisted from NASDAQ in June, 2007, but remains listed on the Stockholm exchange. [ [http://www.forbes.com/markets/feeds/afx/2007/06/14/afx3820156.html AB Volvo applies for delisting from Nasdaq - Forbes.com ] ] "Volvo" means "I roll" in Latin(or "I drive" in modern-day English, appropriate for cars as well as bearings), conjugated from "volvere" (cp the ball bearing producer SKF). The name "Volvo" was originally registered in May 1911 as a separate company within SKF AB and as a registered trademark with the intention to be used for a special series of ball bearing, but this idea was only used for a short period of time and SKF decided to use "SKF" as the trademark for all its bearing products.
The company AB Volvo had no activities until
10 August, 1926 when the SKF Sales Manager Assar Gabrielssonand Engineer Gustav Larson, after one year of preparations involving the production of ten prototypes, set up the car-manufacturing business Volvo AB within SKF group. Volvo AB was introduced at the Stockholm stock exchange in 1935 and SKF then decided to sell its shares in the company.
The first series produced Volvo automobile, the
Volvo ÖV 4, left the factory on 14 April, 1927 which became the official date for the founding of Volvo.
In 1999 Volvo sold its car division to
Ford. Repeated reports in the media about Ford selling off its Volvo brand have been refuted by the company. [cite news | url = http://www.forbes.com/markets/2007/12/17/tata-ford-jaguar-markets-equity-cx_rd_1217markets03.html | title = Reports Say Tata Is Front Runner To Buy Jaguar, Land Rover | accessdate = 2007-12-17 | date = 2007-12-17 | last = David | first = Ruth | publisher = Forbes ]
Volvo Group's history
The Volvo Group has its origin in 1927 when the first Volvo car rolled off the production line at the factory in Göteborg. [ [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/Volvo+Group/history/history.htm Volvo 80 years] ] Only 297 cars were built that year.Georgano, G. N. "Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930". (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)] The first truck, the Series 1, debuted in January 1928. In 1930, Volvo sold 639 cars, and the export of trucks to Europe started soon after; the cars did not become well-known outside Sweden until after
World War Two.
Marine engines have been part of the Group almost as long as trucks. Pentaverken, founded in 1907, was acquired in 1935. As early as 1929, however, the U-21 outboard engine was introduced. Manufacturing continued until 1962.
The first bus, aptly-named B1, was launched in 1934, and aircraft engines were added to the growing range of products at the beginning of the 1940s.
On January 28, 1999 Volvo Group sold its business area Volvo Car Corporation to
Ford Motor Companyfor US$6.45 billion, with the resulting group now largely set on commercial vehicles. On 2 January 2001, Renault V. I. (including Mack Trucks, but not Renault S. A.'s stake in Irisbus) was sold to Volvo, which renamed it Renault Trucksin 2002. As a result, the mother company Renault S. A. is AB Volvo's biggest shareholder, with a 20% stake, shares and voting rights.
The last ten years the company has undergone rapid growth in the service area with, for example, financial solutions supporting the sales of the manufacturing business units. In 2007 the Volvo Group acquired the truck division
Nissan Dieselof Nissan Motors, to support its expansion in the Asian region.
The Volvo trademark
Volvo Trademark Holding AB is equally owned by AB Volvo and Volvo Car Corporation. [http://www3.volvo.com/investors/finrep/eng/html/thevolvobrandname/ingress.html Volvo Annual Report 1999]
The main activity of the company is to own, maintain, protect and preserve the Volvo trademarks (including "Volvo", the Volvo device marks (Grille Slash & Iron Mark) "
Volvo Aero" and " Volvo Penta") on behalf of its owners and to license these rights to its owners. The day-to-day work is focused upon maintaining the global portfolio of trademark registrations and to extend sufficiently the scope of the registered protection for the VOLVO trademarks.
The main business is also to act against unauthorised registration and use (incl counterfeiting) of trademarks identical or similar to the VOLVO trademarks on a global basis.
[http://www3.volvo.com/investors/finrep/eng/index.html The Volvo Brand Name, Volvo Annual Report 1999]
The Volvo brand
The brand's [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/volvo+group/our_brand/ The Volvo Brand] promotional strategies include the sailing race
Volvo Ocean Race[http://www.volvooceanrace.com] , formerly known as the "Whitbread Around the World Race". Volvo likes to encourage its affluent image by sponsoring golf tournaments all over the world including major championship events called the Volvo Mastersand Volvo China Open.
Volvo sponsored the Volvo Ocean Race, the world's leading round-the-world yacht race for the first time in 2001-2002, 2005-2006. The next race will take place as of 2008-2009. Volvo has also had a long-standing commitment to the ISAF and is involved in the Volvo/ISAF World Youth Sailing Championships since 1997.
Volvo Group also sponsored the
Show Jumping World Cupfrom its inception in 1979 until 1999.The company also sponsors Culture, e g The Göteborg Opera [http://www.opera.se] , The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra [http://www.gso.se] [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/volvo+group/sponsorships/] [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/volvo+group/sponsorships/ Volvo Sponsorships]
Companies in the Volvo Group are:
Nissan Diesel Motor Co
Volvo Construction Equipment
Volvo Financial Services
The group companies are supported by a number of business units:
*Volvo Information Technology
*Volvo Technology Transfer
*Volvo Business Services
*Volvo Group Real Estate
Ainax- ownership of Scania shares acquired by Volvo
Brands in the Volvo Group
* [http://www.volvo.com Volvo]
The Volvo brand, which has been built up over decades, is one of the world's best known and respected brand names, although this may have been tarnished when Volvo AB of Sweden was fined US$4million after a combined [http://www.sec.gov/litigation/litreleases/2008/lr20504.htm US Federal Bureau of Investigation/Department of Justice/Securites and Exchange Commission investigation] into bribery allegations relating to abuse of the United Nations 'Oil For Food' program during the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. According to papers filed by federal investigators, one of Volvo AB's subsidiaries, Renault Trucks, paid kickbacks to the Iraqi Government in return for vehicle orders by arranging for sub-contractors to artificially inflate invoices for vehicle body customization work. The sub-contractors then passed on the surplus money to the Iraqi Government in direct contravention of United Nations restrictions. [http://www.volvo.com/group/global/en-gb/volvo+group/our_brand/ The Volvo Group brands]
Volvo Group's purchase of
Renault Trucksand Mack Trucksin 2001 created Europe's largest and the world's second largest producer of heavy trucks with a broad product program. Mackis one of the most well known truck brands in North America while Renault Trucksholds a special position in Southern Europe. The Japanese Nissan Dieselmarketing a wide range of light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles as well as buses and bus chassis, engines, vehicle components and special-purpose vehicles. Prevost Car, owned by Volvo Bus Corporation, is the leading North American manufacturer of premium touring coaches and bus shells for high-end motorhomes and specialty conversions. Nova Bus, part of Prevost, stands as a North American leader in the design, production and marketing of urban transit buses.
* [http://www.volvogroup.com Volvo Group] — "Official website"
* [http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/pdf/VolvoHistoryByAssarGabrielsson.pdf The 30 year history of Volvo, by Assar Gabrielsson, 1959.]
* [http://www3.volvo.com/investors/finrep/eng/html/thevolvobrandname/ingress.html Volvo Annual Report 2007] Retrieved on 2008-06-04.
* [http://www.swedespeed.com Volvo News, Performance & Forum] — "Volvo News, Enthusiasts, Performance & Forums"
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