Lake Nasser


Lake Nasser
Lake Nasser
View from Abu Simbel
Map showing the location of the lake
Coordinates 22°25′N 31°45′E / 22.417°N 31.75°E / 22.417; 31.75Coordinates: 22°25′N 31°45′E / 22.417°N 31.75°E / 22.417; 31.75
Lake type Reservoir
Primary inflows Nile
Primary outflows Nile
Basin countries Egypt, Sudan
Max. length 550 km (340 mi)
Max. width 35 km (22 mi)
Surface area 5,250 km2 (2,030 sq mi)
Average depth 25.2 m (83 ft)
Max. depth 180 m (590 ft)
Water volume 132 km3 (51,000 sq mi)[1]
Shore length1 7,844 km (25,735,000 ft)
Surface elevation 183 m (600 ft)
References [1]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Nasser (Arabic: بحيرة ناصرBuhayrat Nasir, Egyptian Arabic: [boˈħeːret nɑːsˤeɾ]) is a vast reservoir in southern Egypt, and northern Sudan, and is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. Strictly, "Lake Nasser" refers only to the much larger portion of the lake that is in Egyptian territory (83% of the total), with the Sudanese preferring to call their smaller body of water Lake Nubia (Arabic: بحيرة نوبية‎; transliterated: Buhayrat Nubiya). The area of Sudan-administered Wadi Halfa Salient was largely flooded by Lake Nasser/Lake Nubia.

The lake was created as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam across the waters of the Nile between 1958 and 1971. The lake is named after Gamal Abdel Nasser, one of the leaders of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and the second President of Egypt, who initiated the High Dam project.

Contents


Description

The lake is some 550 km long and 35 km across at its widest point, which is near the Tropic of Cancer. It covers a total surface area of 5,250 km² and has a storage capacity of some 157 km³ of water.

History

Sunset over Lake Nasser

Construction of the High Dam was one of the chief priorities of the revolutionary government in Egypt after the overthrow of the King Farouk in 1952. Under Egypt's first president, Muhammad Naguib, planning was initiated for constructing a new dam at Aswan that would both guarantee Egypt's water security, and assist in the industrialisation of the country by providing a source of hydro-electric power. Planning was continued under his successor as President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whose tenure the withdrawal of funding from the project by the governments of the United States, and the United Kingdom contributed to Egypt's nationalisation of the Suez Canal, and the subsequent Tripartite Aggression.

Nasser died in 1970, and upon completion of the Dam during the presidency of Nasser's successor, Anwar El-Sadat, the resulting lake was named in Nasser's honour.

When Lake Nasser was being created as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam, across the Nile, between 1958 and 1970, the anticipated rising waters behind the dam required major relocation projects that were carried out during the 1960s. There were 18 ancient temples in the area.

Lake Nasser from the International Space Station, 2005

Several important Nubian and Ancient Egyptian archaeological sites were dismantled block by block and moved to higher ground, most notably Abu Simbel. The prior Sudanese river-port and railway terminal of Wadi Halfa was lost beneath the waters, and a new town was built nearby; and Egypt's entire Nubian community from the upper reaches of the Nile – numbering several hundred thousand people – saw their villages disappear and were forced to relocate.

Rising lake levels through the 1990s resulted in what the Egyptians term the spilling over of waters, others claim deliberate leakage, westwards into the Sahara Desert, forming the Toshka Lakes beginning in 1998.

Ferries take passengers and road vehicles between Aswan in Egypt and Wadi Halfa, from where the railway goes to Khartoum, capital of Sudan. Since it is prohibited to cross the Sudan-Egypt border on land, and no paved roads connect the two countries, the ferries are the only alternative to air travel; currently, they constitute a link in the Cairo-Cape Town Highway.

Sportfishing in the lake

Sportfishing among tourists, especially for Nile Perch, has become increasingly popular, both on the shore and from boats.

360 images

Panorama of Lake Nasser

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Data Summary: Lake Nasser

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lake Nasser — lake formed on the Nile River south of the Aswan dam …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Lake Nasser — noun lake in Egypt formed by dams built on the Nile River at Aswan • Syn: ↑Nasser • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lake • Part Holonyms: ↑Egypt, ↑Arab Republic of Egypt, ↑United Arab Republic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Moevenpick MS Prince Abbas Lake Nasser Cruise — (Асуан,Египет) Категория отеля: 5 звездочный отель Адрес: East o …   Каталог отелей

  • Nasser (disambiguation) — Nasser may refer to: People Nasser (name) Places Nasr City, a suburb of Cairo, Egypt Lake Nasser, a vast reservoir in southern Egypt and northern Sudan See also Nasir (name) Nasri, an Arabic name Nasr (disambiguation) Nasr (surname) Al Nasr… …   Wikipedia

  • Nasser, Lake — or Lake Nubia Lake, southern Egypt and northern Sudan. About 300 mi (480 km) long, it was formed in the 1960s by the construction of the Aswan High Dam in order to control the annual floods of the Nile River, whose waters now feed the lake. Its… …   Universalium

  • Nasser — noun 1. Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918 1970) • Syn: ↑Gamal Abdel Nasser • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader 2. lake in Egypt formed by dams built on the Nile River at Aswan • Syn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nasser,Lake — Nasser, Lake A lake of southeast Egypt and northern Sudan. It was formed in the 1960s by the construction of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile river. The rising waters of the lake submerged many historic sites. * * * …   Universalium

  • lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) …   Universalium

  • Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly …   Universalium

  • Nasser — /nah seuhr, nas euhr/, n. 1. Gamal Abdel /geuh mahl ab dool, jeuh /, 1918 70, Egyptian military and political leader: prime minister of Egypt 1954 56; president of Egypt 1956 58; president of the United Arab Republic 1958 70. 2. Lake, a reservoir …   Universalium


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