Henry, Earl of Northumbria


Henry, Earl of Northumbria

Coin image box 1 double
header = Henry of Scotland: penny
hbkg = #abcdef



caption_left = hENRICVS • [F RE?] , crowned bust right, sceptre before
caption_right = +EREBALD: ON [C] OREB:, cross moline with fleur in each angle within tressure.
width = 300
footer = AR 1,18 gm, 10h. Corbridge mint; moneyer: (H)erebald
position = right
margin = 0

Henry of Scotland ("Eanric mac Dabíd", 1114 – 12 June, 1152) was a Prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also Earl of Northumberland and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northamption.

He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria and Huntingdon, (beheaded 1075) and his spouse Judith of Lens.

Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England. He had three sons, two of whom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were to prove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He also had three daughters.

His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. Henry's second son became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning as William I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon. His third son, David also became Earl of Huntingdon. It is from the 8th Earl that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claim descent.

On Henry's death, the Earldom passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

Family

Henry married Ada de Warenne, the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d.1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois, "The Great".

*Ada of Huntingdon (1139 – 1206), married in 1161, Floris III, Count of Holland.
*Margaret of Huntingdon (1140 – 1201)
**Married [1] in 1160 Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, (d.1171)
**Married [2] Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford.
*Malcolm IV of Scotland.
*William I of Scotland.
*David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon.
*Matilda of Huntingdon, born and died 1152.
*Marjorie of Huntingdon, married Gille Críst, Earl of Angus.

References

* Barlow, Professor Frank, "The Feudal Kingdom of England 1012 - 1216", London,1955, tree opposite p.288.
* Burke, John & John Bernard, "The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects", London, 1851, vol.2, page xlvii and pedigree XXIX.
* Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Bt., "Scottish Kings, a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625", Edinburgh, 1899, p.64-65.
* Howard, Joseph Jackson, LL.D., F.S.A., "Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica", New Series, volume I, London, 1874, p.337.
* Stringer, Keith, "Senlis, Simon (II) de, earl of Northampton and earl of Huntingdon (d. 1153)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/25092, accessed 20 May 2007]



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earl of Northumbria — was a title in the Anglo Danish, late Anglo Saxon, and early Anglo Norman period in England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Northumbria — war ein Titel in der anglodänischen, späten angelsächsischen und frühen anglonormannischen Zeit in England. Das Earldom Northumbria war der Nachfolger der Ealdormanry Bamburgh, die wiederum die Nachfolgerin des unabhängigen Königreichs Bernicia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry de Ferrers — (also known as Henri de Ferrières) was a Norman soldier from a noble family who took part in the conquest of England and is believed to have fought at the Battle of Hastings of 1066 and, in consequence, was rewarded with much land in the subdued… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry VIII of England — Henry VIII redirects here. For other uses, see Henry VIII (disambiguation). Henry VIII …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Northumberland — ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel, der mehrmals in der Peerage of England und zuletzt in der Peerage of Great Britain verliehen wurde. Er wird nunmehr von der Familie Percy als nachgeorneter Titel zur Würde des Duke of Northumberland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Northumbria — This article is about the medieval English kingdom. For the Old English dialect, see Northumbrian (Old English). For the modern county, see Northumberland. Kingdom of Northumbria Norþanhymbra ← …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of March — Der Titel Earl of March wurde in der Peerage of Scotland und der Peerage of England mehrmals verliehen. Er hängt mit den Grenzregionen Englands mit Wales (Welsh Marches) einerseits und Schottland (Scottish Marches) andererseits zusammen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Earl — was the Anglo Saxon form and jarl the Scandinavian form of a title meaning chieftain and referring especially to chieftains set to rule a territory in a king s stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Northumberland — The title of Earl of Northumberland was created several times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain. Its most famous holders were the House of Percy (also Perci), who were the most powerful noble family in Northern England for much of the… …   Wikipedia

  • David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon — David of Scotland pictured in Sir Walter Scott s 1832 crusader novel The Talisman. Although emphasising his own story is fiction, Scott s Introduction states that David did go on crusade with Richard the Lionheart and was the hero of some very… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.