Specialty Records


Specialty Records

Specialty Records was an American record label based in Los Angeles. It was originally launched as Juke Box Records in 1946, but later renamed by its owner Art Rupe when he parted company with a couple of his original partners. Specialty is noted for the rhythm and blues, blues, gospel and early rock & roll music recorded by the label.The major producers for the label were Rupe, Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Johnny Vincent and J. W. Alexander.cite book
first=Charlie
last=Gillett
year= 1996
title= The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll
edition= (2nd Ed.)
publisher= Da Capo Press
location=New York, N.Y.
pages= p. 86
id= ISBN 0-306-80683-5
]

Art Rupe was known for being one of the most honest owners of a independent R&B record company in the 1950s. He was known for paying his artists, recording them well, and allowed some of the wildest R&B to be issued on any label of the day. He was also known for hating the payola environment at the time and never paid it, which probably hindered some potential sales.

Specialty also had two music publishing companies, Venice Music for BMI licensed songs and Greenwich Music for ASCAP licensed songs. [cite web
url=http://www.history-of-rock.com/specialty.htm
title=Art Rupee's Specialty Records
publisher=
accessdate=2006-11-26
]

The record label was sold to Fantasy Records in 1991 and is now part of the Concord Music Group. The music publishing unit was sold to Sony/ATV Music Publishing.

Highlights

* Wynona Carr
* Sam Cooke (with The Soul Stirrers and a couple of pop singles before his major stardom
* John Lee Hooker
* Little Richard - Tutti Frutti
* Guitar Slim - The Things That I Used to Do
* Roddy Jackson (one of the few white rock and rollers Specialty signed)
* Jimmy Liggins
* Joe Liggins
* Roy Milton
* Percy Mayfield
* Lloyd Price - Lawdy Miss Clawdy
* Soul Stirrers
* Larry Williams

See also

* List of record labels

Notes

External links

* [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=specialty Official website from Concord Music Group]
* [http://www.history-of-rock.com/specialty.htm Specialty Records history]
* [http://www.bsnpubs.com/la2/specialty.html Specialty Album Discography]


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