Finike


Finike

Infobox Settlement

settlement_type = District
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = TUR
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
map_caption =Location of PAGENAME within Turkey.
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3

official_name = Finike


image_caption =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =


subdivision_type1=Region
subdivision_name1 = Mediterranean
subdivision_type2=Province
subdivision_name2 = Antalya| population_total = 45.296
population_urban = 10.509
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes =
population_density_km2 = 69,2
population_density_sq_mi = 179.1
area_total_km2 = 655
area_total_sq_mi = 252,9
elevation_m = 3
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Finike
pushpin_mapsize =
latd = 36
latm = 18
latNS = N
longd = 30
longm = 09
longEW = E
postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code = 07740
blank_info =
area_code = (0090)+ 242
leader_name =
website =
leader_name1 =
gwebsite =

Finike (ancient "Phoenicus") is a district on the Mediterranean coast of Antalya Province of Turkey, 90 minutes west of the city of Antalya.

Finike is located in the south of the Teke peninsula, and the coast here is a popular tourist destination. However, Finike is best-known for its oranges, the symbol of the town.

History

For centuries Finike, then named Phoenicus was a trading port, the main port of Limyra, the capital city of Lycia. Phoenicus was said to have been founded by Phoenicians in the 5th Century BC, and thus named after its founders.

The area has been inhabited for much longer than that, archaeologists have found evidence near the town of Elmalı showing that the Teke peninsula has been settled since 3000 BC (although on the coast nothing has been uncovered dating before 2000 BC).

Trade along the coast was established first by the Persians, who relinquished Lycia to the armies of Alexander the Great. However the coast was always vulnerable to forces from Syria, Egypt and Rhodes until it was brought within the empire of the Ancient Romans and the succeeding Byzantines.

Even then the Byzantines were threatened by the Arab armies of Islam.Eventually the area was lost to the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century. These were succeeded by the Ottoman Empire from 1426.

Demographics

The district has a population of 45.296 according to the 2007 census. [ [http://www.tuik.gov.tr Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu] ] The town itself has 10.509 inhabitants. Finike has 4 municipalities(Hasyurt, Sahilkent, Turunçova and Yeşilyurt) and 14 villages.

The population of inhabited places are shown in the table(Municipalities are shown in bold)

Finike today

The local economy depends on agriculture, particularly oranges and other citrus fruits. This is supplemented by income from tourism in the summertime, although because of the lucrative orange production and the distance from Antalya Finike has not seen the large-scale tourism boom that has so radically changed the other coastal districts of Antalya. Finike is a quiet district where people buzz around on mopeds going about their daily lives. Indeed many of the visitors that Finike does attract are retired people in search of relaxation. A type of pale limestone is quarried at Limyra, and sold as a decorative building material.

The port of Finike is now a yacht marina, and has a small fishing fleet. The coast is rich in marine life including sea turtles and fish including local specialities red porgy Sparidae and grouper (Epinephelus); other fish found along the coast include leerfish Carangidae) and the more widespread Mediterranean varieties such as bluefish, sea bream, sea bass, with swordfish, sardines and others found further out to sea. However the coast suffers from overfishing and many varieties, including the porgy, are in decline.

The beaches of Finike are an important nesting ground for the caretta caretta sea turtles, and the rocky parts of the coast are used by the rare Mediterranean Monk Seal. However they are in grave danger if the protection of these species is left to local politicians such as "Mahmut Esen", mayor of the town of Hasyurt in Finike, famous for his statement "well I've lived here for 47 years and I've never seen a turtle". [ [http://www.radikal.com.tr/haber.php?haberno=158271 Radikal-çevrimiçi / Türkiye / '47 yıldır caretta görmedim' ] ]

Places of interest

*The ruins of Limyra are to be seen three miles east of the Finike, they consist of a theatre, tombs, Sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions, etc.
* The ancient city of Arycanda, in a narrow valley off the road to Elmalı.
* The ruins of Trysa with a carved frieze depicting Theseus, on the road to Kaş.
* The cave of Suluin.
* Wreck of a Phoenician merchant ship from about 1200 BC in Cape Gelidonya

There are doubtless many more places of antiquity that need to be restored.

References

External links

* [http://www.antalyacity.info/finike.php Information On Finike]
* [http://www.seturmarinas.com/english/marina.htm Setur Finike Yacht Marina]
* [http://www.finike.web.tr/ a local information website]
* [http://www.finike-meb.gov.tr/ Finike MEM]
* [http://www.finike-hem.gov.tr/ Finike HEM]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Finike — Phoenicus Le port de Finike. Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Finike — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Finike Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finike — Original name in latin Finike Name in other language Finike, Phoenicus, fnkh State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 36.295 latitude 30.14056 altitude 48 Population 9250 Date 2012 12 24 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Finike — is., öz. Antalya iline bağlı ilçelerden biri Birleşik Sözler Finike portakalı …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Finike — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Finike Country and Admin Code TR.07.7732189 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Finike (Bezirk) — Finike ist ein nach der gleichnamigen Bezirkshauptstadt Finike benannter Bezirk der Provinz Antalya der Türkei. An ihn grenzen im Westen die Bezirke Demre und Kaş, im Norden Elmalı und im Osten Kumluca. Finike gilt mit Kumluca als der Orangen und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finike (Landkreis) — Finike ist ein nach der gleichnamigen Landkreishauptstadt Finike benannter Landkreis der Provinz Antalya der Türkei. An ihn grenzen im Westen die Landkreise Demre und Kaş, im Norden Elmalı und im Osten Kumluca. Finike gilt mit Kumluca als der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finike portakalı — is., bit. b. Fenike ve yöresinde yetiştirilen sulu ve kokulu bir tür portakal …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Finik — Finike is a city in Antalya in Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • Kumluca (Antalya) — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Kumluca (Antalya) Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.