Beyşehir


Beyşehir

Infobox Settlement
settlement_type = Town
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = TUR
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
map_caption =Location of Beyşehir within Turkey.
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
official_name = Beyşehir



image_caption = Beyşehir city seen from Lake Beyşehir
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =


subdivision_type1=Region
subdivision_name1 = Central Anatolia
subdivision_type2=Province
subdivision_name2 = Konya
population_total = 118144
population_urban = 41312
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_density_km2 =
area_total_km2 =
elevation_m = 1205
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Beyşehir
pushpin_mapsize =
latd = 37
latm = 41
latNS = N
longd = 31
longm = 44
longEW = E
postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code = 42400
blank_info = 42|blank_name=Licence plate
area_code =
leader_name =
website = [http://www.beysehir.bel.tr www.beysehir.bel.tr]
leader_name1 =
gwebsite = [http://www.beysehir.gov.tr www.beysehir.gov.tr]

Beyşehir is a large town and district of Konya Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. The town is located on the southeastern shore of Lake Beyşehir and is marked to the west and the southwest by the steep lines and forests of the Taurus Mountains, while a fertile plain, an extension of the lake area, extends in the southeastern direction. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 118,144 of which 41,312 live in the town of Beyşehir.cite web|url=http://www.die.gov.tr/nufus_sayimi/2000tablo5.xls|title=Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey|accessdate=2008-03-23|author=Turkish Statistical Institute|format=XLS|language=Turkish] [cite web|url=http://www.xist.org/cntry/turkey.aspx?levels=Ic%20Anadolu|title=Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units|accessdate=2008-03-23|author=GeoHive|language=English]

History

The Hittite monument situated in Beyşehir's depending locality of Eflatunpınar, at a short distance to the northeast from the town, proves that the Hittite Empire had reached as far as the region, marking in fact, in the light of present knowledge, the limits of their extension to the southwest. Evidence points out that an earlier settlement, perhaps dating back to the Neolithic Age, was also located in Eflatunpınar. Another important early settlement was located in Erbaba Höyük, situated convert|10|km|mi|0|abbr=on to the southwest of Beyşehir, and which was explored by the Canadian archaeologists Jacques ve Louise Alpes Bordaz in the 1970s, leading to precious finds along four different settlement layers.

Beyşehir region corresponds to classical antiquity's Pisidia. At the location of the town itself, there was in all likelihood an ancient city, probably named Karallia, which was one of the two urban centers that surrounded the lake at the time. The same center would have been re-named in Byzantine times.

The ancient city's state of desolation in the first decades of the 13th century is suggested by the name "Viranşehir" that the Seljuk Turks had given to the town, meaning "the desolate city". The Seljuk Sultans of Rum based in Konya nevertheless built their summer residence nearby, in an agglomeration situated on the southwestern lake shore at a distance of convert|80|km|mi|0|abbr=on from Beyşehir city, and which came to be known as Kubadabad Palace. While the most precious finds of Kubadabad site date from the reign of Alaeddin Keykubad (1220-1237), it was a seasonal settlement area chosen by and for the sultans already in the late 12th century.

After the fall of the Seljuks, Viranşehir was re-named for a time as Süleymanşehir in honor of one of the Beys of the region's ruling dynasty, the Eşrefoğlu, who made the town into his capital. Since the Beys of Eşrefoğlu resided here, the present name of Beyşehir was gradually adopted for the town. The Great Mosque of Beyşehir built by the dynasty between 1296-1299, also called Eşrefoğlu Mosque, is considered one of the masterpieces of the intermediate period of Anatolian Turkish Beyliks between the Seljuk and Ottoman architecture styles.

ee also

* Lake Beyşehir
* Kubadabad Palace
* Eflatunpınar

Notes

References

*

External links

* [http://www.beysehir.gov.tr/ District governor's official website] tr icon
* [http://www.beysehir.bel.tr/ District municipality's official website] tr icon
* [http://www.beysehirgolgazetesi.com Beyşehir Göl Gazetesi - Local Newspaper]
* [http://beysehir.gen.tr/modules.php?name=coppermine Beyşehir Pictures and some information]
* [http://www.pbase.com/dosseman/beysehir Beyşehir Pictures, very many of the wonderful mosque]


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