List of archaeological periods (North America)

List of archaeological periods (North America)

Many archaeological periods, cultures, complexes, and peoples have been identified in North America.

Five Stage Classification

One of the most enduring classifications of archaeological periods & cultures was established in Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips' 1958 book "Method and Theory in American Archaeology." They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into 5 phases. These are:

*The Lithic stage
*The Archaic stage
*The Formative stage
*The Classic stage
*The Post-Classic stage

For more detail on these five major stages, which are still in use in Mesoamerican archaeology, see Mesoamerican chronology and Archaeology of the Americas. Also refer to the articles for each stage.

Cultural and chronological table for Lower Mississippi Valley


*cite book | author=Gordon R. Willey and Philip Phillips | title=Method and Theory in American Archaeology | publisher= University of Chicago Press| year=1957 | id=ISBN 978-0-226-89888-9
*cite book | author=Milanich, Jerald T. | title=Florida Indians and the Invasion from Europe | publisher=Gainesville, Florida | year=1995 | id=ISBN 978-0-8130-1360-2
*cite web | first=Jerald T. |last=Milanich | year=1990 | title=State of Florida Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. "Florida Historical Contexts" | format=PDF | work=Florida Historical Contexts | url= | accessdate=2006-03-28
*cite web | author=Milanich, Jerald T. & Claudine Payne (ed.) | year=1993 | month=September | day=27 | title=State of Florida Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. "Historic Contexts" (in full) | format=DOC | work=Florida Historical Contexts | url= | accessdate=2006-03-27
*Milanich, Jerald T. (1998) "Florida's Indians from Ancient Times to the Present." University Press of Florida. ISBN 1-8130-1599-5
*Milanich, Jerald T. (1994) "Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida." University Press of Florida. ISBN 1-8130-1273-2
*cite web | title=National Park Service Southeast Archaeological Center - The Woodland Period (ca. 2000 B.C.- A.D. 1000) | format=HTM | work=Outline of Prehistory and History | url= | accessdate=2006-04-03
*Philip Phillips (1970). "Archaeological Survey In The Lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, 1949-1955"(Part One). Published by the Peabody Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 77-80028.

ee also

* List of archaeological periods - parent page
* Archaeological culture
* Archaeology of the Americas
* Mississippian culture

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