CIX (originally Compulink Information eXchange) was one of the earliest British Internet service providers. Founded in 1983 by Frank and Sylvia Thornley, it began as a FidoNet bulletin board system, but in 1987 was relaunched commercially as CIX. At the core of the service were many thousands of "conferences" - groups established by users to discuss particular topics, conceptually not unlike newsgroups but limited to CIX subscribers (who sometimes describe themselves as 'Cixen'). These conferences still exist today although the CIX service has since expanded to include many other features. The service is funded by a monthly subscription charge rather than by advertising.
In 1988 it provided the first commercial Internet email and Usenet access in the UK. CIX then grew rapidly, reaching a peak of more than 16,000 users in 1994, before starting to lose customers to the newly formed Internet service providers that offered free access to the mass market using 0845 dialup, such as Demon (which was started by Cixen Cliff Stanford, whose CIX nickname was 'Demon'), Pipex, AOL and Freeserve.
In its heyday, CIX was one of the UK's premier online locations for both technical and social interaction. It hosted several official online support areas for companies such as Borland and Novell and counted among its subscribers many of the UK's technology journalists (some of them wooed with free accounts), which ensured regular mention in the computing press.
The Liberal Democrats have used CIX as a conferencing system and a branded version of the Off line reader Ameol is provided for their use.
Later company history
In 1996 the Thornleys decided to expand CIX's services to include full 0845 dialup Internet access known as CIX Internet. However, take up was limited (possibly due to an above-average cost) even though technically it was rated for many years as one of the best internet providers in the UK.
In March 1998 a management buy-in backed by Legal & General Ventures was successful. The buy-in team comprised Doug Birtley, Managing Director; Niels Gotfredsen, Finance Director; Graham Davies, Sales and Marketing Director and Lisa Pennington. Frank and Sylvia Thornley contracted to remain with the company for a minimum of three years.
In 2000 CIX was sold to Telenor, a Norwegian telecommunications company. CIX was re-branded and merged with XTML of Manchester and Norsk Data of Newbury to form the UK arm of Nextra, the UK Internet subsidiary of Telenor.
In June 2002 the CIX service was outsourced by Telenor to Parkglobe, a company specially set up for the purpose by several long-term staffers and directors led by Graham Davies.
In July 2002 Telenor sold the business to GX Networks aka PIPEX.
Between 2003 and the present, several additional services including online calendars, contact lists and document libraries, plus voice-to-email, fax2email, and conference call facilities have been added.
In 2004 CIX Conferencing was relaunched as CIX Online and given a Web interface as an alternative to the text interface. Customer acceptance of the Web interface has been limited, due partly to its cumbersome nature when compared to the OLRs (Off Line Reader - this allowed the upload and download of new messages with messages editing performed off-line) that most cixen use.
In April 2007 the first prototype of the Cix Forums website was launched. This new online way to access the content is designed to attract more users.
In September 2008 Graham Davies announced that the API behind CIX Forums would be available in October 2008 allowing interested parties to create additional user add-ons.
On 25 May 2011, CIX was purchased by ICUK, an ISP, hosting and telecoms provider formed in November 2001 by an ex-employee of CIX. ICUK in its press release has said it intends to grow and expand CIX Conferencing for new and existing users of both companies.
CIX Conferencing is based on the CoSy Conferencing System, though it has been heavily modified by generations of staff to add new features. The CoSy conferencing system used by CIX was initially run on a UNIX server. (This was initially the same CoSy code-base on which BIX the US-centric Byte Information eXchange was based.)
At first, users read the text-based (ISO 8859-1) CIX messages online, but the UK's practice of charging per minute for telephone calls led to the development of off-line readers (OLRs). The first CIX OLR was TelePathy (DOS-based), which developed into the first WIndows OLR - WIgWam (now an open-source project, under the name Virtual Access). The official Windows OLR for CIX is called Ameol, from A Most Excellent Off-Line reader. This handles email, CIX conferencing and Usenet, and is freely available. It was written independently by Steve Palmer in 1994, and more than a decade later, it is still the most popular way of accessing Cix. Many other OLRs, written by CIX users, are also available for other operating systems, such as Nicola on the Amiga, and Polar for Psion PDAs. Augur is an Open Source OLR designed for CIX.
In 1996, it was decided to port the system to Sun hardware, and upgrade the bank of modems. ISDN dial up access, and ability to use the Internet to blink (a term used to collect messages) were also introduced.
Some of the busiest conferences on CIX are enquire_within (general discussion), bikers, windows_xp (support for, and discussion of, Windows XP), windows_vista, digital_tv, philology (words and their derivations), cultmedia, mac (support for, and discussion of, Apple computers and Mac OS), carp (the Campaign for Real Pedantry - discussion of any fine points of detail, often concentrating on the use and abuse of the English language), internet, own.business, gussets_live! and gps (Global Positioning System). Another busy conference is sasha_lubetkin, a conference for a much loved member of the system with the same name.
- WELL - US pre-cursor of CIX
- BIX - the Byte Information eXchange
- Disembodied Fellowship & Real-Time Ribs by davey winder
- Bug Hunting in Corel
- Need to Know, Blinking rules
- PC Pro, How to be an internet Guru. Davey Winder
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cix — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. CIX, sigle composé des trois lettres C, I et X, peut faire référence à : Chiclayo au Pérou, selon la liste des codes AITA des aéroports, 109, en… … Wikipédia en Français
CIX — CIX, Commercial Internet Exchange … Universal-Lexikon
CIX — Der Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) ist ein Internet Knoten, der einen Verkehrsknotenpunkt zwischen kommerziellen Internet Anbietern darstellt. Der erste CIX wurde 1991 in Kalifornien eingerichtet. Ein zentraler deutscher Verbindungspunkt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CIX — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. CIX, sigle composé des trois lettres C, I et X, peut faire référence à : Chiclayo au Pérou, selon la liste des codes AITA des aéroports, 109, en… … Wikipédia en Français
CIX — • Commercial Information/Internet Exchange (Association) gegründet 1991, nicht gewinnorientierter Zusammenschluss von Internet Anbietern zum Austausch von Daten für kommerzielle Interessenten http://www.cix.org/ • Chiclayo, Peru internationale… … Acronyms
CIX —  Commercial Information/Internet Exchange (Association) gegründet 1991, nicht gewinnorientierter Zusammenschluss von Internet Anbietern zum Austausch von Daten für kommerzielle Interessenten (http://www.cix.org/)  Chiclayo, Peru… … Acronyms von A bis Z
çix’nə — (Meğri) çığırtı. – Gecənin bir vədəsi biz cix’niyə tökülüf gəldix’ … Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti
çıx — (Culfa) təndirə çörək yapmaq üçün söyüd çubuqlarından toxunmuş alət. – Şiv yığmışam, çıx toxuyacam … Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti
əcix’ — (Basarkeçər) zəif. – Qomral qoyunun balası çox əcix’di … Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti
CIX — COMPX International, Inc. (Business » NYSE Symbols) * Chiclayo, Peru (Regional » Airport Codes) * Database index (Turbo C Utilities) (Computing » File Extensions) … Abbreviations dictionary