Hamoud bin Mohammed of Zanzibar


Hamoud bin Mohammed of Zanzibar

Sayyid Sir Hamoud bin Mohammed Al-Said, GCSI, (born 1853-July 18, 1902) (ruled August 27, 1896-July 18, 1902) ( _ar. حمود بن محمد) was the British-controlled Omani sultan of the protectorate of Zanzibar, who outlawed slavery on the island.

Hamoud became sultan with the support of the British consul, Sir Basil Cave, upon the death of Hamad bin Thuwaini. Before he could enter the palace, another potential contender for the throne, Khalid bin Barghash, seized the palace and declared himself sultan. The British responded the next day, August 26, 1896, by issuing an ultimatum to Khalid and his entourage to evacuate the palace by 9:00 am on August 27. When he refused, British warships fired on the palace and other strategic locations in the city, destroying them and causing Khalid and his group to flee. According to the "Guinness Book of World Records" it was the shortest war in history, and the same day Hamoud was able to assume the title of sultan, more indebted to the British than ever.

Hamoud complied with British demands that slavery be banned in Zanzibar and that all the slaves be freed. For this he was decorated by Queen Victoria and his son and heir, Ali bin Hamud, was brought to England to be educated.

By his wife Princess Sayyida Khanforah bint Majid Al-Busaid (daughter of the first Sultan of Zanzibar) he had ten children:

*Sayyid Ali bin Hamud Al-Busaid, 8th Sultan of Zanzibar
*Prince Sayyid Majid bin Hamud Al-Busaid
*Prince Sayyid Saud bin Hamud Al-Busaid
*Prince Sayyid Taimur bin Hamud Al-Busaid
*Prince Sayyid Faisal bin Hamud Al-Busaid
*Prince Sayyid Muhammed bin Hamud Al-Busaid
*Princess Sayyida Matuka bint Hamud Al-Busaid (who married Sayyid Khalifa bin Harub Al-Busaid, 9th Sultan of Zanzibar)
*Princess Sayyida Bashan bint Hamud Al-Busaid (who married Prince Sayyid Said bin Ali, the son of the fourth Sultan of Zanzibar)
*Princess Sayyida Boran bint Hamud Al-Busaid
*Princess Sayyida Hakima bint Hamud Al-Busaid

On his death in 1902 he was succeeded by his oldest son, Ali bin Hamud.


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