- John Little McClellan
name=John Little McClellan
jr/sr=United States Senator
January 3, 1943
November 28, 1977
G. Lloyd Spencer
Kaneaster Hodges, Jr.
date of birth=
February 25, 1896
place of birth=
date of death=death date and age|1977|11|28|1896|02|25
place of death=
Little Rock, Arkansas
John Little McClellan (
25 February 1896– 28 November 1977) was a Democratic Party politicianfrom Arkansas. He represented Arkansas in the United States Senate from 1943 until 1977. He also earlier represented Arkansas in the United States House of Representatives.
McClellan was born in Sheridan, Grant County,
Arkansas. He came from a Democratic family who named him after Democratic Governor and Representative John Sebastian Little. McClellan studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1913 at the age of 17, becoming the youngest lawyer in the United States. He started private law practice in Sheridan.
McClellan served in the
United States Armyfrom 1917 to 1919 during World War Ias a First Lieutenantin the aviation section of the US Signal Corps.
Early political career
After returning from the Army in 1919, he moved to
Malvern, Arkansaswhere he served as prosecuting attorney in the 7th judicial district from 1927 to 1930.
In 1934, McClellan was elected as a Representative of the Democratic Party from the 6th District of Arkansas to the 74th Congress. He was re-elected to the 75th Congress in 1936. He did not run for re-election to the House in 1938. Instead, he pursued an unsuccessful candidacy for the Senate against the sitting incumbent and the first elected female senator in
US History, Hattie Caraway. In 1940, 1944, and 1948, McClellan was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Arkansas. During this period, he moved to Camden, Arkansasto practice law.
US Senate service
McClellan served as Senator from Arkansas from 1943 to 1977, when he died in office. During his tenure, he served as chairman of the Appropriations Committee and served 22 years as chairman of the Committee on Government Operations. McClellan was the longest serving United States Senator in Arkansas history. During the later part of his Senate service Arkansas had, perhaps, the most powerful Congressional delegations with McClellan as chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee,
Wilbur Millsas chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, Oren Harrisas chairman of the House Commerce Committee, Senator J. William Fulbrightas chairman of the Senate foreign relations Committee, Took Gathingsas chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, and James William Trimbleas a member of the powerful House Rules Committee.
McClellan also served for eighteen years as chairman of the
Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations(1955 – 1973) and continued the hearings into subversive activities at U.S. Army Signal CorpsFort Monmouth, New Jersey, where Soviet spies Julius Rosenberg, Al Sarantand Joel Barrall worked in the 1940s.
He was a participant of the famous
Army-McCarthy Hearingsand led a Democratic walkout of that subcommittee in protest of Senator Joseph McCarthy's conduct in those hearings. McClellan appeared in the 2005 movie " Good Night, and Good Luck.", in footage from the actual hearings. Under his leadership, the committee conducted the famous McClellan Hearings, more commonly known as the Valachi Hearings which investigated organized crime activities across America and centered on Teamstershead and mafia associate, Jimmy Hoffain 1957 and other leading mafia figures of the era such as Sam Giancana of Chicago. The first American mafia informant, Joseph Valachiappeared before the McClellan Committee in 1963 and gave the American public a firsthand account of mafia activities in the United States and Canada. McClellan continued his efforts against organized crime, supplying the political influence for the anti-organized crime laws called RICOwhich were conceived by G. Robert Blakeyuntil 1973 when he switched to investigating political subversion.During this period, he hired Robert F. Kennedyas chief counsel and vaulted him into the national spotlight. McClellan investigated numerous cases of government corruption including numerous defense contractors and Texasfinancier Billie Sol Estes.
In his last Senate election in 1972, McClellan defeated fellow Democrat David Hampton Pryor, then a U.S. representative, by a narrow 52-48 margin in the party runoff. He then defeated the only Republican who ever ran against him,
Wayne H. Babbitt, then a North Little Rock veterinarian, by a margin of 61-39 percent.
In 1955, McClellan appeared as the "mystery guest" on the popular CBS TV game show "What's My Line?", where the blindfolded celebrity panelists had to guess his identity.
McClellan experienced many personal tragedies in his life. His second wife died of spinal meningitis in 1935 and his son Max died of the same disease while serving in
Africaduring World War IIin 1943. His son John L. Jr. died in 1949 in an automobile accident. His son James H. died in a plane crash in 1958.
McClellan died in
Little Rock, Arkansasin 1977 and was buried at Roselawn Memorial Park in Little Rock.The McClellan-Kerr Navigation System(maintained by the Army Corps of Engineers) on the Arkansas Riveris named in his honor. Ouachita Baptist Universityis the repository for his official papers.
*imdb name|id=0565748|name=John Little McClellan
* [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000332 Congressional Biographical Directory.]
* [http://aolsvc.timeforkids.kol.aol.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,824864,00.html The Man Behind The Frown TIME Magazine Story Of Senator John McClellan, May 27, 1957]
* [http://www.tv.com/whats-my-line/episode-245/episode/95202/summary.html TV.com's Episode Guide for "What's my Line" - Episode 245 with Senator John McCellan as myster guest.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Little McClellan — (* 25. Februar 1896 in Sheridan, Grant County, Arkansas; † 28. November 1977 in Little Rock, Arkansas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, der den Bundesstaat Arkansas in beiden Kammern des Kongresses vertrat … Deutsch Wikipedia
McClellan — may refer to: McClellan Air Force Base McClellan Park, California, a census designated place near Sacramento McClellan Palomar Airport in Carlsbad, California McClellan Magnet High School in Little Rock, Arkansas The McClellan saddle, used in the … Wikipedia
John McClellan — may refer to:*John McClellan (chemist), chemist and industrialist in Widnes, England *John Little McClellan, politician from Arkansas, USA *John J. McClellan (1874 ndash;1925), chief organist in the Salt Lake Tabernacle of The Church of Jesus… … Wikipedia
McClellan — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham McClellan (1789−1866), US amerikanischer Politiker Charles A. O. McClellan (1835−1898), US amerikanischer Politiker George B. McClellan (1826−1885), US amerikanischer Offizier und Politiker,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John McClellan (chemist) — Infobox Scientist name = John McClellan box width = image width = caption = John McClellan birth date = 1810 birth place = death date = May 14 1881 death place = Widnes, Lancashire, England residence = England citizenship = England nationality =… … Wikipedia
McClellan Magnet High School — Established 1967 Type Public Principal Marvin L. Burton Students 864 (according to school website) Grades 9 12 … Wikipedia
John Sebastian Little — John Sebastian „Bass“ Little (* 14. März 1851 im Sebastian County, Arkansas; † 29. Oktober 1916 in Little Rock, Arkansas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und 1907 Gouverneur von Arkansas. Außerdem vertrat er diesen Bundesstaat zwischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
McClellan–Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System — Inland waterway system with McClellan Kerr Navigation System shown in red … Wikipedia
Little Rock, Arkansas — Little Rock redirects here. For other uses, see Little Rock (disambiguation). City of Little Rock, Arkansas City … Wikipedia
John Brown (abolitionist) — John Brown Daguerreotype of Brown, ca.1856. Born May 9, 1800(1800 05 09) Torrington, Connecticut Died … Wikipedia