- United Kingdom general elections
This is a list of United Kingdom general elections since the first in 1802. The members of the 1801-1802 Parliament had been elected to the former
Parliament of Great Britainand Parliament of Ireland, before being co-opted to serve in the first Parliament of the United Kingdom, so that Parliament is not included in the table below. For by-electionresults see List of UK by-elections. For information on UK elections in general, see Elections in the United Kingdom.
The right to vote was severely restricted when the United Kingdom was established in 1801. Universal
suffrage, on an equal basis for men and women over the age of 21, was not established until 1929. Before 1918, general elections did not occur on a single day and polling was spread over several weeks. The date given in the table for elections prior to 1918 is the date Parliament assembled after the election, which could be in the year after the general election.
The majority figure given is for the difference between the number of MPs elected at the general election from the party (or parties) of the government, as opposed to all other parties (some of which may have been giving some support to the government, but were not participating in a coalition). The Speaker is excluded from the calculation. If the party in office changed the figure is re-calculated, but no allowance is made for changes after the general election. No attempt is made to define a majority before 1832. Particularly in the early part of the period the complexity of factional alignments, with both the Whig and Tory traditions tending to have some members in government and others in opposition factions simultaneously, make it impossible to produce an accurate majority figure. The figures between 1832 and about 1859 are approximate due to problems of defining what was a party in government, as the source provides figures for all Liberals rather than just the Whig component in what developed into the Liberal Party. The Whig and Peelite Prime Ministers in the table below are regarded as having the support of all Liberals.
*Source for majority calculations: "British Electoral Facts 1832-1999", compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate 2000)
"Note": A negative majority means that there was a
hung parliament(or minority parliament) following that election. For example, in the 1929 election, Labour was 42 seats short of forming a majority, and so its majority is listed as −42.
Elections in the United Kingdom
List of UK by-elections
Referendums in the United Kingdom
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