- Universal Decimal Classification
The Universal Decimal Classification is a system of
library classificationdeveloped by the Belgian bibliographers Paul Otletand Henri la Fontaineat the end of the 19th century. It is based on the Dewey Decimal Classification, but uses auxiliary signs to indicate various special aspects of a subject and relationships between subjects. It thus contains a significant faceted or analytico-synthetic element, and is used especially in specialist libraries. UDC has been modified and extended over many years to cope with the increasing output in all disciplines of human knowledge, and is still under continuous review to take account of new developments.
The documents classified by UDC may be in any form. They will often be
literature, i.e. written documents, but may also be in other media such as films, videoand soundrecordings, illustrations, maps, and realiasuch as museumpieces.
UDC classifications use
Arabic numeral systemand are based on the decimal system. Every number is thought of as a decimal fraction with the initial decimal point omitted, which determines filing order. For ease of reading, a UDC identifier is usually punctuated after every third digit. Thus, after 61 "Medical sciences" come the subdivisions 611 to 619; under 611 " Anatomy" come its subdivisions 611.1 to 611.9; under 611.1 come all of its subdivisions before 611.2 occurs, and so on; after 619 comes 620. An advantage of this system is that it is infinitely extensible, and when new subdivisions are introduced, they need not disturb the existing allocation of numbers.
The main categories:
language, linguistics, literature
geography, biography, history
A document may be classified under a combination of different categories through the use of additional symbols. For example:
The design of UDC lends itself to machine readability, and the system has been used both with early automatic mechanical sorting devices, and modern library
OPACs. A core version of UDC, with 65,000 subdivisions, is now available in databaseformat, and is called the Master Reference File (MRF). The current full version of the UDC has 220,000 subdivisions.
UDC Classes Table
0 Generalities 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems 010 Bibliographies 020 Library & information sciences 030 Encyclopedias & books of facts 040 [Unassigned] 050 Magazines, journals & serials 060 Associations, organizations & museums 070 News media, journalism & publishing 080 Quotations 090 Manuscripts & rare books 1 Philosophy. Psychology 100 Philosophy 110 Metaphysics 120 Epistemology 130 Parapsychology & occultism 140 Philosophical schools of thought 150 Psychology 160 Logic 170 Ethics 180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy 190 Modern western philosophy 2 Religion. Theology 200 Religion 210 Philosophy & theory of religion 220 The Bible 230 Christianity & Christian theology 240 Christian practice & observance 250 Christian pastoral practice & religious orders 260 Christian organization, social work & worship 270 History of Christianity 280 Christian denominations 290 Other religions 3 Social sciences 300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology 310 Statistics 320 Political science 330 Economics 340 Law 350 Public administration & military science 360 Social problems & social services 370 Education 380 Commerce, communications & transportation 390 Customs, etiquette & folklore 4 Vacant 400 Language 410 Linguistics 420 English & Old English languages 430 German & related languages 440 French & related languages 450 Italian, Romanian & related languages 460 Spanish & Portuguese languages 470 Latin & Italic languages 480 Classical & modern Greek languages 490 Other languages 5 Mathematics and natural sciences 500 Science 510 Mathematics 520 Astronomy 530 Physics 540 Chemistry 550 Earth sciences & geology 560 Fossils & prehistoric life 570 Life sciences; biology 580 Plants (Botany) 590 Animals (Zoology) 6 Applied sciences. Medicine. Technology 600 Technology 610 Medicine & health 620 Engineering 630 Agriculture 640 Home & family management 650 Management & public relations 660 Chemical engineering 670 Manufacturing 680 Manufacture for specific uses 690 Building & construction 7 The arts. Recreation. Entertainment. Sport 700 Arts 710 Landscaping & area planning 720 Architecture 730 Sculpture, ceramics & metalwork 740 Drawing & decorative arts 750 Painting 760 Graphic arts 770 Photography & computer art 780 Music 790 Sports, games & entertainment 8 Language. Linguistics. Literature 800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism 810 American literature in English 820 English & Old English literatures 830 German & related literatures 840 French & related literatures 850 Italian, Romanian & related literatures 860 Spanish & Portuguese literatures 870 Latin & Italic literatures 880 Classical & modern Greek literatures 890 Other literatures 9 Geography. Biography. History 900 History 910 Geography & travel 920 Biography & genealogy 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499) 940 History of Europe 950 History of Asia 960 History of Africa 970 History of North America 980 History of South America 990 History of other areas
Table 2 (Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons)
-1 Place in general -2 Physiographic designation -3 The ancient world -4 Europe -41 British Isles (geographical whole) -410 United Kingdom of Gt Britain and N Ireland -410.1 England -410.3 Wales -410.5 Scotland -410.7 Northern Ireland -415 Ireland (geographical whole) -417 Republic of Ireland -430 Germany -436 Austria -437.1 Czech Republic -437.6 Slovak Republic -438 Poland -439 Hungary -44 France -450 Italy -4549 San Marino -45634 Vatican City -4585 Malta -460 Spain -469 Portugal -47 Former European USSR -470 Russia -48 Scandinavia -480 Finland -481 Norway -485- Sweden -489 Denmark -492 Netherlands -493 Belgium -494 Switzerland -495 Greece -497 Balkan States -5 Asia -61 Tunisia, Libya -7 North and Central America -71 Canada -72 Mexico -728 Central America -729 West Indies -73 USA -74 N E States -75 S E States -76 S Central States -77 N Central States -78 W States -79 Pacific States -8 South America -9 South Pacific and Australia. Arctic. Antarctic
Table 5 (Ethnic and National Groups)
-5 Italians, Romanians, related groups -591 Romanians -5994 Ladins -5998 Sardinians and Corsicans -59982 Sardinians -59984 Corsicans
Table 6 (Languages)
-21 English language -59 Romanian, Rhaetian, Sardinian, Corsican -5992 Friulian language -5994 Ladin language -5996 Romansch language -59982 Sardinian -59984 Corsican -67 Judeo-Spanish (Ladino) -9455 Sami
Bliss bibliographic classification
Library of Congress classification
Chinese Library Classification
* [http://www.udcc.org/ Universal Decimal Classification Consortium]
** [http://www.udcc.org/outline/outline.htm Outline]
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