Hailes Abbey

Hailes Abbey

Hailes Abbey is two miles northeast of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England.

The abbey was founded in 1245 or 1246 by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, called "King of the Romans" and the younger brother of King Henry III of England. He was granted the manor of Hailes by Henry, and settled it with Cistercian monks from Beaulieu Abbey in Hampshire. In the previous generation, the manor had been the birthplace of an important theologian, Alexander of Hales, who had recently died in Paris. The great Cistercian abbey was entirely built in a single campaign and was consecrated in a royal ceremony that included the King and Queen and 15 bishops. Hailes Abbey became a site of pilgrimage when Richard's son Edmund donated to the Cistercian community a phial of the Holy Blood, purchased in Germany, in 1270. Such a relic of the Crucifixion was a considerable magnet for pilgrimage. From the proceeds, the monks of Hailes were able to rebuild the Abbey on a magnificent scale.

Though King Henry VIII's commissioners (conveniently) declared the famous relic to be nothing but the blood of a duck, regularly renewed, and though the Abbot Stephen Sagar admitted that the Holy Blood was a fake in hope of saving the Abbey, Hailes Abbey was one of the last religious institutions to acquiesce following the Dissolution Act of 1536. The Abbot and his monks finally surrendered their abbey to Henry's commissioners on Christmas Eve 1539. Tewkesbury Abbey nearby avoided the fate of Hailes, because the parishioners of Tewkesbury bought it for a parish church.

After the Dissolution, the west range consisting of the Abbot's own apartments was converted into a house and was home to the Tracy family in the seventeenth century, but these buildings were later demolished and now all that remains are a few low arches in a meadow with outlines in the grass. Surviving remains include the small church for the disappeared parish, with unrestored medieval wall-paintings.

The abbey is now in the care of the National Trust and English Heritage. There is a clergyman living in Worcester who has the title of Abbot of Hailes for the Ecumenical Catholic Church, which is not in union with Rome. He is known as a "Titular Abbot" — one who holds the title of a suppressed or destroyed abbey.

Hailes Church

Outside the remains of the Abbey is Hailes Church. The church is older than the abbey, being consecrated in 1175 and then served as the Capella Ante Portas to the Abbey until its dissolution.

Inside the church are fine Medieval wall paintings.

External links

* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-hailesabbey/ Hailes Abbey information at the National Trust]
* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server.php?show=conProperty.261 Hailes Abbey information at English Heritage]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hailes Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Hailes Ruinen von Hailes Abbey Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Beaulieu Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Beaulieu Abtei Beaulieu Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Netley Abbey — This article is about the ruins of the abbey in Netley, Hampshire, England. For the village sometimes known as Netley Abbey, see Netley. Netley Abbey Ruins of the church at Netley Abbey Monastery information Full Name …   Wikipedia

  • Abbaye de Hailes — Les ruines de l abbaye de Hailes Présentation Nom local Hailes Abbey Culte Catholicisme Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beaulieu Abbey — Infobox monastery name = Beaulieu Abbey caption = The cloister and refectory of Beaulieu Abbey seen from the west range full = The Abbey Church of St Mary, Bellus Locus Regis (Latin: The beautiful place of the king ) other names = Beaulieu Abbey… …   Wikipedia

  • Winchcombe Abbey — is a now vanished Benedictine abbey in Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, once the capital of Mercia, an Anglo Saxon kingdom at the time of the Heptarchy in England. The Abbey was founded c. 798 for three hundred Benedictine monks, by King Offa of… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirkstead Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Kirkstead Ruine von Kirkstead Abbey Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Croxden Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Croxden Westfassade Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abtei Beaulieu — Zisterzienserabtei Beaulieu Lage: Vereinigtes Königreich England Ordnungsnummer (nach Janauschek): 543 Patrozinium: Gründungsjahr: 1203 Jahr der Auflösung/ Aufhebung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of abbeys and priories in England — Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Article layout 2 Abbreviations and key …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.