- Hailes Abbey
Hailes Abbey is two miles northeast of
Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England.
The abbey was founded in
1245or 1246by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, called "King of the Romans" and the younger brother of King Henry III of England. He was granted the manor of Hailes by Henry, and settled it with Cistercianmonks from Beaulieu Abbeyin Hampshire. In the previous generation, the manor had been the birthplace of an important theologian, Alexander of Hales, who had recently died in Paris. The great Cistercian abbey was entirely built in a single campaign and was consecrated in a royal ceremony that included the King and Queen and 15 bishops. Hailes Abbey became a site of pilgrimage when Richard's son Edmund donated to the Cistercian community a phial of the Holy Blood, purchased in Germany, in 1270. Such a relic of the Crucifixion was a considerable magnet for pilgrimage. From the proceeds, the monks of Hailes were able to rebuild the Abbey on a magnificent scale.
Though King Henry VIII's commissioners (conveniently) declared the famous relic to be nothing but the blood of a duck, regularly renewed, and though the Abbot Stephen Sagar admitted that the Holy Blood was a fake in hope of saving the Abbey, Hailes Abbey was one of the last religious institutions to acquiesce following the
Dissolution Actof 1536. The Abbot and his monks finally surrendered their abbey to Henry's commissioners on Christmas Eve 1539. Tewkesbury Abbeynearby avoided the fate of Hailes, because the parishioners of Tewkesbury bought it for a parish church.
After the Dissolution, the west range consisting of the Abbot's own apartments was converted into a house and was home to the Tracy family in the seventeenth century, but these buildings were later demolished and now all that remains are a few low arches in a meadow with outlines in the grass. Surviving remains include the small church for the disappeared parish, with unrestored medieval wall-paintings.
The abbey is now in the care of the National Trust and
English Heritage. There is a clergyman living in Worcester who has the title of Abbot of Hailes for the Ecumenical Catholic Church, which is not in union with Rome. He is known as a "Titular Abbot" — one who holds the title of a suppressed or destroyed abbey.
Outside the remains of the Abbey is Hailes Church. The church is older than the abbey, being consecrated in 1175 and then served as the Capella Ante Portas to the Abbey until its dissolution.
Inside the church are fine Medieval wall paintings.
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-hailesabbey/ Hailes Abbey information at the National Trust]
* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server.php?show=conProperty.261 Hailes Abbey information at English Heritage]
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