- Yamaha Motor Company
company_name = Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
July 1, 1955
location_city = flagicon|JPN
area_served = Global
products = Vehicles, ATVs, Motorbikes, Vehicle Engines,
Personal water craft
revenue = 12 billion US$ (2005)
operating_income = 900 million US$ (2005)
net_income = 550 million US$ (2005)
num_employees = 39,300 (2005)
homepage = [http://www.yamaha-motor.co.jp/global/ Yamaha Motor Global]
nihongo|Yamaha Motor Company Limited|ヤマハ発動機株式会社|Yamaha Hatsudōki Kabushiki-gaisha (tyo|7272), a
Japanese motorized vehicle-producing company (whose HQ is at 2500 Shingai, Iwata, Shizuoka), is part of the Yamaha Corporation. After expanding Yamaha Corporation into the world's biggest pianomaker, then Yamaha CEO Genichi Kawakamitook Yamaha into the field of motorized vehicles on July 1, 1955. The company's intensive research into metal alloysfor use in acoustic pianos had given Yamaha wide knowledge of the making of lightweight, yet sturdy and reliable metal constructions. This knowledge was easily applied to the making of metal frames and motor parts for motorcycles. Yamaha Motor is the world's second largest producer of motorcycles (after Honda)Fact|date=July 2008. It also produces many other motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles, boats, snowmobiles, outboard motors, and personal watercraft.
The Yamaha corporate logo is comprised of three
tuning forksplaced on top of each other in a triangular pattern.
Toyotaand Yamaha Corporationmade a capital alliance where Toyota paid Yamaha Corporation 10.5 billion yen for a 5 per cent share in Yamaha Motor Company while Yamaha and Yamaha Motor each bought 500,000 shares of Toyota stock in return.
Yamaha has a long racing heritage where it has had its machines and team win many different competitions in many different areas, particulary in motorcycle racing. Yamaha has had great success with riders such as
Bob Hannah, Heikki Mikkola, Kenny Roberts, Chad Reed, Jeremy McGrath, Stefan Merriman, Wayne Rainey, and currently, Valentino Rossi. Yamaha has won a total of 35 World Championships, including 3 in MotoGP and 9 in the preceding 500cc 2-stroke class.
Yamaha created the innovations which lead to the modern motocross bike, as they were the first to build a production mono-shock motocross bike (1975 for 250 and 400, 1976 for 125) and one of the first to have a water-cooled motocross production bike (1977 in works bikes, 1981 in off-the-shelf bikes).
Since 1962 Yamaha produced production road racing grand prix motorcycles that any licensed road racer could purchase. In 1970, non-factory "privateer" teams dominated the 250cc World Championship with Great Britain’s
Rodney Gouldwinning the title on a Yamaha TD2.
The company also produced Formula One engines from 1989 to 1997, initially for the
Zakspeedteam and later for Tyrrell. These never won a race, but drivers including Andrea de Cesarisand Mark Blundellscored some good results with them.
Yamaha has made an extensive number of two- and four-stroke scooters, on-road and off-road motorcycles. The
Yamaha XS 650, introduced in 1970, was an early success.
List of scooters"
Yamaha PAS( Nickel metal hydridebattery)
*PAS Lithium (
*PAS Business (Ni-Cd battery)
Yamaha YQ50 Aerox R
*Yamaha Champ CX
*Yamaha Jog R
*Yamaha Jog Aprio
*Yamaha ZX Super Jog
*Yamaha FS1 (
*Nesquick sponsored Race chair
Wheelchair upgrade parts
*Wetard chair 85
*BW80 / 200 / 350
*Raptor 80 / 250 / 350 / 660 / 700
*Kodiak 400 / 450
*Grizzly 80 / 125 / 350 / 400 / 450 / 550 / 600 / 660 / 700
*Big Bear 400
*Wolverine 350 / 450
Yamaha has recently claimed a 100%
four-strokesnowmobile line-up, making them the only snowmobile manufacturer to do so. In Canada though, there are still three models that Yamaha manufactures that are still 2 stroke. They are the Bravo, VK 540 and the Venture XL. Yamaha had introduced four-strokes to their line-up in 2003 and the line-up became four-stroke based for model year 2005. Many say that Yamaha has proven snowmobiles can be clean, efficient, and reliable all while maintaining strong performance. The RX-1 released in 2003 was the first performance-oriented four-stroke snowmobile to ever hit the market. It was not, however, the first modern four-stroke snowmobile produced. That honor belongs to Arctic Catfor their Yellowstone Special, released in 2000, which was designed as a rental sled that could meet Yellowstone National Park's stringent emission requirement. However, the Yamaha received much criticism for its weight disadvantage when compared to similar two-strokes, despite its excellent fuel economy and low-range torque. Yamaha is now on the cutting edge of four-stroke technology with the introducing of their 80FI engine which is equipped on the Phazer and Venture Lite models. This engine has one of the highest specific outputof any four-stroke in production, with 160 HP/L, Yamaha achieves this even without the use of a forced inductionsystem. Yamaha is also a key player in the "four-stroke wars", which are a series of advertisements from opponent Ski-Doowho claim their 2-tec and power-tek equipped two-strokes are still cleaner and more efficient than four-strokes, while Yamaha still claims the four-strokes are cleaner. Yamaha also broke a multi-year absence from sno-cross in the winter of 2006-07 with their introduction of a factory race team headed by former Arctic Catracer Robbie Malinoski.
Significant previously produced models
* 4 stroke series
* 4 stroke jet drive series
* 2 stroke V6
* 2 stroke portable / mid range
* [http://www.yamaha-motor.com/outboard/products/lifestylehome/home.aspx Full list]
KT series 2 stroke
Yamaha has also built engines for other manufacturers' vehicles, most notably the V-6 and V-8 engine for the Ford Taurus SHO. The
Volvo XC90uses a larger version of the same Yamaha V-8 engine. They also built Formula Oneracing engines from the late 1980s to the mid 1990s, with little on track success. In 1991, Yamaha developed its F1 engined supercarcalled the OX99-11 where two drivers sit in tandem in front of the engine, but the project was canned due to the world recession and lack of interest.
Yamaha also tunes engines for other manufacturers,
Toyotabeing one of them. Yamaha logos are, for instance, found on the Toyota S engines. [http://www.toysport.com/webpages/Techinfo/References/toyota_twin_cam_article.htm] as well as the 2ZZ-GE utilized by Toyota, Pontiac, and Lotus.
Yamaha developed a prototype for a two-seater sports car with help of
Albrecht Goertz. While the Yamaha/Nissan partnership never progressed beyond the prototype stage, Toyota took up the design and released the Toyota 2000GT. [http://zhome.com/History/Truth/GoertzMyth.htm]
Yamaha is also one of the big 4 companies in the
Personal water craftmarket.
**MT series (2 stroke)
***MT 110 VLS
**MZ series (4 stroke)
***MZ 200 (New Model)
*Gasoline Engine Water Pump
*Underground oil tank
*Gas heat pump
* [http://www.yamahavino125.com Yamaha Vino 125 Fan Site]
* [http://www.yamaha-motor.co.jp/global/ Yamaha Motor Co.] global site
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