Agricultural Bank of China

Agricultural Bank of China
Agricultural Bank of China Limited
Type Public
Traded as SEHK1288 SSE: 601288
Industry Finance
Founded 1951
Headquarters Beijing, China
Key people Xiang Junbo (Chairman)
Zhang Yun (President)
Products Financial services
Net income RMB 51,453 million (2008)
Total assets RMB 7,100 billion (2008)
Employees 441,144 (2009)

Agricultural Bank of China Limited (ABC, simplified Chinese: 中国农业银行股份有限公司; traditional Chinese: 中國農業銀行股份有限公司; pinyin: Zhōngguó Nóngyè Yínháng), also known as AgBank, is one of the "Big Four" banks in the People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1951, and has its headquarters in Beijing. It has branches throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, London, Tokyo, New York, Frankfurt, Sydney, Seoul, and Singapore.

ABC has 320 million retail customers, 2.7 million corporate clients, and nearly 24,000 branches. It is China's third largest lender by assets. ABC went public in mid-2010, fetching the world's biggest ever initial public offering (IPO).[1] As of 2011, it ranks 8th among the Top 1000 World Banks,[2] meanwhile Forbes Global 2000 named it the 25th-largest public company in the world.[3][4]



After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, ABC has been formed and abolished several times. In 1951, two banks of the Republic of China, Farmers Bank of China and Cooperation Bank, merged to form Agricultural Cooperation Bank, which ABC regards as its ancestor. However, the bank was merged into People's Bank of China, the central bank in 1952. The first bank bearing the name Agricultural Bank of China was founded in 1955, but it was merged into the central bank in 1957. In 1963 the Chinese government formed another agricultural bank, and it was also merged into the central bank two years later. Today's Agricultural Bank of China was founded in February 1979. It was restructured to form a holding company called Agricultural Bank of China Limited.[5] It was listed on the Shanghai and Hong Kong stock exchanges in July 2010.[6]

In April 2007 ABC was the victim of the largest bank robbery in Chinese history. This occurred when two vault managers at the Handan branch of the bank in Hebei province embezzled almost 51 million yuan (US$7.5 million).[7]

2010 initial public offering

ABC was the last of the "big four" banks in China to go public. In 2010, A shares and H shares of Agricultural Bank of China were listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange respectively. Each share was set to cost between 2.7RMB and 3.3RMB per share.[8] H shares were set to cost between HK$2.88 and HK$3.48 per share.[9] The final share price for the IPO launch was issued on July 7, 2010. On completion in August 2010 it became the world's biggest initial public offering (IPO) surpassing the one set by Industrial and Commercial Bank of China in 2006 of US$21.9 billion.[10]

ABC raised US$19.21 billion in an IPO in Hong Kong and Shanghai on July 6, 2010, before overallotment options were exercised.[11] On August 13, 2010, ABC officially completed the world's largest initial public offering, raising a total of $22.1 billion after both Shanghai and Hong Kong's over-allotments were fully exercised.[12][13] The IPO was once thought to be able to raise US$30 billion, but weaker market sentiment dampened the value.[14]

CICC, Goldman Sachs, and Morgan Stanley led the Hong Kong offering, with JPMorgan, Macquarie, Deutsche Bank and ABC's own securities unit also involved. CICC, Citic Securities, Galaxy and Guotai Junan Securities handled the Shanghai portion. ABC sold about 40% of the Shanghai offering to 27 strategic investors including China Life Insurance and China State Construction. They are subject to lock-up periods of 12–18 months. Eleven cornerstone investors were selected for its Hong Kong share offering, including Qatar Investment Authority and Kuwait Investment Authority, taking a combined $5.45 billion worth of shares.[15]

See also

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  1. ^ AgBank to pay $248mln in IPO fees, lowest of Big 4, July 15, 2010
  2. ^ "Top 1000 World Banks 2011 - The Banker". The Banker. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  3. ^ "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Forbes. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Agrticultural Bank of China". Forbes. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Agricultural Bank of China becomes shareholding company". 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  6. ^ Agricultural Bank of China may offer shares to the public by 2010
  7. ^ "Suspects of China's largest bank theft go on trial", Lin Li, Xinhua News Agency, July 24, 2007
  8. ^ 3:51 p.m. Aug. 13, 2010 (2010-06-23). "AgBank Shanghai IPO price tipped at 2.7–3.3 yuan". Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  9. ^ 23 June 2010 (2010-06-23). "ABC sets H-share offer price range". Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  10. ^ "China's AgBank sets record as world's largest IPO: report". AFP. 14 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  11. ^ Grocer, Stephen (6 July 2010). "AgBank's IPO: Emerging Markets Continue to Dominate Developed World". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "AgBank Finally Takes IPO Crown". Wall Street Journal. 13 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "AgBank IPO officially the world's biggest". Financial Times. 13 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  14. ^ Wines, Michael (6 July 2010). "China Bank I.P.O. Raises $19 Billion". New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  15. ^ Lee, Yvonne (1 July 2010). "Small Investors Cool to AgBank IPO". Wall Street Journal. 

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