- TAP Portugal
airline = TAP Portugal
logo_size = 300px
fleet_size = 53 (69 with Portugalia)
destinations = 62
IATA = TP
ICAO = TAP
callsign = AIR PORTUGAL
parent = TAP Portugal
founded = 1945
key_people = Fernando Pinto (
Portela Airport LisbonLIS
Faro Airport FaroFAO, Francisco de Sá Carneiro Airport PortoOPO, Madeira Airport MadeiraFNC
frequent_flyer = Victoria
lounge = Top Executive Lounge
company_slogan = Fly higher. (Voa mais alto.)
website = http://www.flytap.com
Boeing 727with classic livery1950s-1979]
TAP Portugal (formerly known as TAP Air Portugal & "Transportes Aéreos Portugueses"ndash Portuguese Air Transportations) is the
national airlineof Portugal, based in Lisbon( Portela Airport) and is a member of the Star Alliance. It operates to destinations in Europe, Africaand North, Central and South America. Its current Chief Executive Officeris Fernando Pinto.
The airline was founded on
March 14, 1945, beginning commercial service on September 19, 1946, from Lisbonto Madridwith a Douglas DC-3under the name Transportes Aéreos Portugueses (TAP). On December 31 that year, it began its "Linha Aérea Imperial", a twelve-stop service including Luanda, Angolaand Lourenço Marques(now Maputo), Mozambique.
In 1947, domestic services commenced from
Lisbonto Portoas well as from São Tométo London. In 1953, the airline became a private company and began service to Tangierand Casablancain 1949.
The one-millionth passenger flew on TAP on
June 19, 1964, 18 years after the airline began operations. In 1969, service to New Yorkvia Santa Maria Islandin the Azoresbegan. Bostonwas added to the New Yorkservice the following year. In 1975, TAP was nationalized, becoming a state-owned corporation ("Empresa Pública") and changing its name to TAP Air Portugal in March 1979. TAP purchased Boeing 747s during the 1970s, replacing their Boeing 707s; but they were eventually sold due to lack of demand. They were replaced by Lockheed TriStars and Airbus A310s on long-haul routes. By the late 1990s, TAP had expanded its fleet by selling its older Boeing 727s and Boeing 737s, and had replaced them with AirbusA319, A320 and A321 aircraft. The TriStars were sold to Air Luxorand were replaced by more capable Airbus A340s giving TAP a large fleet of Airbus-only aircraft.
In 1989, the service to
Newark, New Jerseywas introduced and in 1991, the service to Berlinwas started. Also in 1989, TAP became a publicly-traded company ("Sociedade Anónima"). In 1993, TAP began flying to Tel Aviv. In 1994, TAP signed for a code sharingarrangement with Delta Air Linesfor North Atlantic service. This agreement ended in 2005.
1996 saw the introduction of service to
Bostonvia Terceira Islandin the Azores, the inauguration of service to Macauand the launch of TAP's Website. In 1997, service began to Punta Canaand Bangkok. Flights to Bangkok and Macau were discontinued in 1998.
In 2005, TAP Portugal became the 16th member of
Star Alliance. TAP Air Portugal was re-branded as TAP Portugal in February 2005, employing 9,750 staff. TAP also ended its code-sharing agreement with Delta Air Linesand began a new agreement with United Airlines, as part of its membership in the Star Alliance. Under this agreement United's code (UA) is placed on TAP Portugal's transatlantic flights and some African flights, and TAP Portugal's code (TP) is placed on United flights.
On November 6, 2006, TAP Portugal signed a deal with Espírito Santo International for the acquisition of 99.81 per cent of the Portuguese regional airline Portugália. Whether Portugália will join Star Alliance as a regional member or merge its operations with TAP remains unclear.
TAP inaugurated five weekly A330-200 services between Lisbon and
Belo Horizonte(Tancredo Neves Intl/SBCF) on 11 February 2008.
subsidiariesof TAP Portugal are:
*sort flagicon|China/sort flagicon|Macau
**sort flagicon|China/sort flagicon|Macau
Macau Asia Express(10.2%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal Groundforce (Handling) (49.9%)
TAP Maintenance & Engineering(100%)
VEM Maintenance & Engineering(90%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal Academia Aeronaútica de Évora (10%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal TAP Tours (100%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal TAP Serviços (100%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal Caravela (100%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal CateringPOR (51%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal Lojas Francas de Portugal (51%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal Megasis (100%)
*sort flagicon|Portugal UCS (100%)
Former subsidiaries include:
Air São Tomé and Príncipe(40%)
TAP Cargo has four all-cargo routes. Besides these routes, TAP Cargo uses all TAP Portugal flights. The four all-cargo routes are:
Heathrow International Airport, England, operated by European Air Transportwith a Boeing 757
Frankfurt International Airport, Germany, operated by MNG Airlineswith an Airbus A300.
Cologne-Bonn Airport, Germany, operated by MNG Airlineswith an Airbus A300
Brussels Airport, Belgium, operated by Royal Jordanianwith an Airbus A310-300
TAP Cargo also operates Lisbon-Luanda all-cargo non-regular flights, in an
Avient AviationDC-10F, a Girjet747-200F, and other leased aircraft.
The aircraft are divided into a two-class cabin - Top Executive and Economy Class.
On the medium-haul fleet of
Airbus A319, Airbus A320and Airbus A321, the cabin features leather seats with an in-flight entertainment(IFE) system of several LCDscreens that are extended from the cabin ceiling. The Top Executive class, on the other hand, offers better privacy and a gourmet meal.
On the long-haul fleet of
Airbus A330and Airbus A340aircraft, the cabin is divided into a two-class layout. The Economy Class of the Airbus A330is equipped with individual LCDs with touchscreen and a complete IFE on new aircraft, while the older ones feature an average IFE and less-updated individual screens.
In Top Executive class, seats are capable of turning into lie-flat beds. New
Airbus A330aircraft are also fitted with extra functions.
The TAP Portugal fleet consists of the following aircraft as of June 2008 : [ [http://www.flytap.com/USA/en/Company/Fleet/ TAP Portugal Fleet Information] ]
The following is a list of aircraft that TAP Portugal used to operate since it began operations in 1945, and are now no longer with the fleet.
Airbus A310---------------Retired in 2008
Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
Sud Aviation Caravelle
Douglas C-54 Skymaster
Note: This list includes
Star Alliance(SA) partners.
Incidents and accidents
TAP Portugal Flight 425( Funchal Airport, Madeira, 1977), the only accident with fatalities.
* [http://www.flytap.com Official website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
TAP Portugal — TAP Portugal … Википедия
TAP Portugal — TAP Portugal … Deutsch Wikipedia
TAP Portugal — Airbus A330 200 de TAP Portugal. IATA TP … Wikipedia Español
TAP Portugal — Codes AITA OACIL Indicatif d appel TP TAP Air Portugal … Wikipédia en Français
TAP Portugal Flight 425 — Infobox Airliner accident|name=TAP Flight 425 Crash Image caption= CS TBR parked at Madeira Airport prior to the crash Date=November 19, 1977 Type=Runway overrun Aircraft Da Site=Funchal, Portugal Fatalities=131 Aircraft Type=Boeing 727 282Adv… … Wikipedia
TAP Portugal destinations — List of airports that TAP Portugal flies to (as of October 2008):AfricaFormer Destinations*Africa: Abidjan, Brazzaville, Gran Canaria, Harare, Kinshasa, Libreville*Asia: Bangkok (Don Mueang), Macau, Tel Aviv*Europe: Athens, Berlin (Tegel),… … Wikipedia
TAP - Air Portugal — TAP Portugal ИАТА TP ИКАО TAP Позывной AIR PORTUGAL Дата основания 1945 Порт приписки Аэропорт Портела, Лиссабон Слоган … Википедия
TAP Air Portugal — TAP Portugal AITA TP OACI TAP Indicatif d appel Air Portugal Repères historiques Date de création 1945 … Wikipédia en Français
Tap Air Portugal — TAP Portugal AITA TP OACI TAP Indicatif d appel Air Portugal Repères historiques Date de création 1945 … Wikipédia en Français
TAP Air Portugal — TAP Portugal … Deutsch Wikipedia