- Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (
24 March 1628– 20 February 1685) was queen-consortof Denmarkand Norwayas a wife of the King Frederick III of Denmark.
She was born in
Herzberg am Harz. Her parents were George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburgand his wife Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt. Sophie Amalie married to Prince Frederick in Castle Glücksburgon 1 October 1643and became Queen of Denmark in 1648. They had 8 children, including King Christian V of Denmarkand Ulrike Eleonora of Denmarkwho married King Charles XI of Sweden.
In the first part of Frederik III's reign and later during the reign of her son Christian V from 1670, Sophie Amalie had some influence on political decisions. In the early 1650s, she was active in the power struggle with
Corfitz Ulfeldtand Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, who had become a humiliating threat to the position of the Royal Couple. She did not get along with her husbands halfsisters and her arguments with them are famous. Sophie Amalie probably took part in the decision to introduce the absolute monarchy. This happened while the popularity of the Royal Couple was at its highest after the Swedish siege of Copenhagenin 1658-1660.
Sophie Amalie loved hunting and, in spite of the dire financial situation of the Kingdom, she was the centre of a sumptuous Court life, with exclusive luxury items and grand parties, which shed glory on the royal power. The palace Sophie Amalienborg was built between 1669 and 1673 where
Amalienborg Palaceis situated presently. She mostly lived there after she was widowed.
She died in
Copenhagenand was buried in the Roskilde Cathedral.
* [http://www.rosenborgslot.dk/v1/person.asp?personID=14&persontypeID=2&countryID=2&menuID=1 History of the Rosenborg Castle]
* [http://runeberg.org/dbl/16/0171.html Article in the Dansk biografisk Lexikon]
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