- Hudson, New Hampshire
official_name = Hudson, New Hampshire
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within Hillsborough County,
settlement_type = Town
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Hillsborough
Board of Selectmen
leader_name = Shawn N. Jasper, Chairman
Benjamin J. Nadeau
established_title = Incorporated
established_title2 = Annexed
established_title3 = Incorporated
established_date = 1673
established_date2 = 1731
established_date3 = (renamed in 1830)
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 29.12
area_total_km2 = 75.3
area_land_sq_mi = 28.3
area_land_km2 = 73.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.8
area_water_km2 = 2.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 22985
population_density_km2 = 313.1
population_density_sq_mi = 811.2
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 45 |lats = 53 |latNS = N
longd = 71 |longm = 26 |longs = 23 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 45
elevation_ft = 148
website = [http://www.ci.Hudson.nh.us/ www.ci.Hudson.nh.us]
postal_code = 03051
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-37940
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873631
footnotes = Hudson is a town in Hillsborough County,
New Hampshire, United States. The population was 22,928 at the 2000 census.
The primary settlement in town, where over 34% of the population resides, is defined as the Hudson
census-designated place(CDP) and is located at the junctions of New Hampshire Routes 102, 111 and 3A, directly across the Merrimack River from the city of Nashua.
Hudson began as part of the Dunstable Land Grant that encompassed the current city of Nashua,
New Hampshire, the towns of Dunstable, and Pepperell, Massachusetts, as well as parts of other nearby towns on both sides of the border. In 1732, all of Dunstable east of the Merrimack Riverbecame the town of Nottingham, Massachusetts. Nine years later, the Northern boundary of Massachusettswas finally officially established, and the New Hampshire portion of Nottingham became Nottingham West, to avoid confusion with Nottingham, New Hampshireto the northeast. cite web| title = Hudson, NH | work = Town Profile | publisher = Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau, New Hampshire Employment Security | url = http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/hudson.html | date = 2007 | accessdate = 2008-04-24]
In 1830, after the better part of a century, the name was changed to "Hudson" to avoid confusion with the older town of Nottingham. The name apparently comes from an early belief that the Merrimack River had once been thought to be a tributary of the
Hudson River, or that the area had once been explored by Henry Hudson; both proved to be entirely apocryphal stories, but the name of the town remains today.
A prominent family in Hudson history was the Alfred and Virginia Hills family, who owned a large tract of land north of Hudson Village. The Hills House on Derry Street is their original family's vacation home and current location of the Town Historical Society. The grounds host the annual "Old Home Days" fair every year as well as "Harvest Fest" and the "Bronco Belly Bustin' Chili Fiesta," an Alvirne High School Friends of Music Fundraiser.
Hills Memorial Libraryis one of the oldest public lending libraries in the state, and occupies a stone and mortar building on Library Street. Alvirne High Schooland the Alvirne Chapel, located on family land across Derry Street from the Hills House, were donated to the town. (Alvirne is a contraction of Alfred and Virginia). The Hills' only son had died during a football game; out of respect, Alvirne High went many decades without a football team, despite being one of the largest high schools in the state. It was assumed that such a stipulation had been put as a condition of the high school's charter. When it was learned that no such condition had ever been recorded, financial pressures encouraged the formation of a football team. In fall of 1994, Alvirne High School fielded its first JV football team, with varsity play beginning in 1996. Alvirne High is home to one of the largest agricultural-vocational programs in the area, the Wilbur H. Palmer Agricultural and Vocational School. This school features several student-run businesses including a bank, restaurant, store, day care, dairy farm, and forestry program.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of convert|29.1|sqmi|km2, of which convert|28.3|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|0.8|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water, comprising 2.82% of the town. The town center, or census-designated place(CDP), has a total area of convert|3.2|sqmi|km2|abbr=on, of which convert|3.1|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|0.2|sqmi|km2|abbr=on (4.95%) is water.
The highest point in Hudson is Bush Hill, at convert|515|ft|m above
sea level, near the town's eastern border. Hudson lies fully within the Merrimack Riverwatershed.cite book |title=Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers |url=http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html |last=Foster |first=Debra H. |coauthors=Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura |publisher=U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey |year=1995]
Hudson Center, historically Hudson's other town center, is located at the 5-way intersection of Central Street (Route 111), Greeley Street, Kimball Hill Road, and Windham Road. The two most important landmarks of Hudson Center have been lost to history.
Benson's Wild Animal Farm, a zoo & amusement park, was closed in the late 1980s due to mounting financial losses. At one time there was a railway that passed through the Center, taking passengers all the way from the Boston area to Benson's. A rail depot stand remained on nearby Greeley Street through the 1970s. The other landmark, Thompson's Market, closed in 2002 when Mr. Thompson decided to sell his store and retire to Florida. The structure still remains, but it was remodeled and reopened as a 7-Elevenconvenience store. The original Thompson's Market is nearby also, a small building on Kimball Hill Road now home to a popular sandwich shop. Greeley Field, a popular park located in Hudson Center, contains a playground, little league baseballdiamond, and basketballcourts, where pick-up games still occur frequently. A Revolutionary War era cemetery and an old school house (now housing) on Kimball Hill Road are located nearby.
Neighboring towns and cities
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 22,928 people, 8,034 households, and 6,258 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 811.2 people per square mile (313.1/km²). There were 8,165 housing units at an average density of 288.9/sq mi (111.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.35% White, 0.84% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population.
There were 8,034 households out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $64,169, and the median income for a family was $71,313. Males had a median income of $46,198 versus $31,315 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $25,696. About 1.2% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.
In 2006, the U.S. Census bureau released a new estimate for the town population, at 24,729, making it the 10th largest city or town in New Hampshire.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 7,814 people, 3,063 households, and 2,107 families residing in the Hudson census-designated place(CDP). The population densitywas 2,549.5 people per square mile (985.9/km²). There were 3,125 housing units at an average density of 1,019.6/sq mi (394.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.74% White, 1.23% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.82% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 3,063 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,753, and the median income for a family was $58,836. Males had a median income of $37,839 versus $27,696 for females. The
per capita incomefor the CDP was $22,324. About 1.2% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Hudson is the home of School Administrative Unit #81 of New Hampshire.
* High School (grades 9th-12th):
Alvirne High School, which is also home to the Wilbur H. Palmer Vocational-Technical Center, a business-oriented vocational school.
* Middle school (grades 6th-8th):
**Hudson Memorial School
* Elementary schools (grades 1st-5th):
**Dr. H. O. Smith School
**Library Street School
**Nottingham West Elementary School
* Public kindergarten: None. New Hampshire is the only state that does not require public kindergarten in all school districts. Although a former governor spearheaded significant financial incentives for towns to startup public kindergarten, Hudson residents repeatedly voted down ballot initiatives to fund it. Hudson remains one of only 15 school districts in NH (and the country) to not offer public kindergarten. This may change, as the State's Board of Education proposed new standards that require all school districts to offer public kindergarten by 2007.
* Private: The Presentation of Mary Academy ("PMA" locally) is a K-8 private coeducational Catholic school located on Lowell Road.
Hudson serves primarily as a "bedroom community" for the
Greater Bostonmetropolitan area of which it is a part. In 2006, for example, there were an estimated 10,945 jobs in the public and private sector in Hudson, while the town's population was 24,729, with a civilian labor force of 14,818. The town's three largest employers are Benchmark Electronics, BAE Systems, and the Hudson School District.
Sites of interest
Two small recreational lakes exist within the town borders. Robinson (or Robinson's) Pond in the northern part of the town features a public access beach and boat ramp that can be accessed via Robinson Road. Otternic Pond (locally called "Tonic Pond"), located between Hudson Center and Hudson Village, has a public boat landing (Claveau Landing) that can be accessed off Highland Street. Both ponds are often used for fishing during the summer and skating and ice hockey during the winter. Musquash Pond (or Swamp), located in the southern part of the town, is a wild bird sanctuary and is utilized as a breeding ground by several threatened and endangered species of birds. In the early 1900s hunters would travel by horse from as far as Derry to camp and stalk game in the renowned swamp.
Hills Memorial Library, located in Hudson Village, is one of the oldest public lending libraries in the state, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
A 1/4 mile paved racetrack, the Hudson Speedway, lies near the northern edge of town by the intersection of Old Derry Road and Robinson Road. It can be accessed off Route 102.
* [http://www.ci.hudson.nh.us Town website]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/hudson.html New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]
* [http://www.nashuarpc.org Nashua Regional Planning Commission]
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