Bridge of Arta

Bridge of Arta

The Bridge of Arta is a stone bridge that crosses the Arachthos river ("Αράχθος") near the city of Arta ("Άρτα") in Greece. The bridge became famous from the eponymous legendary folk ballad, which is at the core about human sacrifice. From the ballad, a number of Greek proverbs and customary expressions arose, associated with interminable delays, as in the text of the ballad: "All day they built it, and in the evening it collapsed."

The bridge and the legend

According to chronicler of Epirus Panayiotis Aravantinos, the bridge was constructed during Ancient Roman times. However, according to some traditions it was built when Arta became capital of the Despotate of Epirus, possibly under Michael II Ducas (1230-1271). Other alleged construction dates vary from 1602 to 1606. Seraphim, the Archbishop of Arta, has noted that the bridge was built, according to some tradition, by an Artan grocer.

According to the folk ballad of the acritic songs family, every day 1300 builders, 60 apprentices, 45 craftsmen or masons, under the leadership of the Head Builder, tried to build a bridge the foundations of which would collapse each morning. Finally a bird with a human voice informed the Head Builder that in order for the bridge to remain standing, he must sacrifice his wife. As the wife is being killed, being built in the foundations of the construction, she utters curses that conclude with blessings.

The folk ballad

"The Bridge of Arta" begins with the verses:

:"Forty five master builders and sixty apprentices":"a bridge they were building at the river of Arta":"All day they built it, and in the evening it collapsed..."


The idea that a major edifice can not be built without a human sacrifice ("building in" of a person) was also common in the folklore of other Balkan peoples such as Bulgarians, Albanians, Serbs and Romanians. A masterbuilder being forced to sacrifice his wife in this way is a common theme in folk songs. [cite web |title=Троица братя града градяха |last=Моллов |first=Тодор |publisher=LiterNet |date=14 August 2002 |accessdate=2007-05-19 |language=Bulgarian |url=] A recurring plot element is the masterbuilders' decision to sacrifice the woman who comes first to the building site to bring them food. All but one break their promise and tell their wives to come late, and it is the wife of the only honest one that is sacrificed. [БЪЛГАРСКО НАРОДНО ТВОРЧЕСТВО В ДВАНАДЕСЕТ ТОМА. Том VІІІ: Трудово-поминъчни песни. ЕИ "LiterNet" Варна. Второ издание, 2006 [] ] [Српске народне пјесме. Скупио их и на свијет издао Вук Стеф. Караџић.Технологије, издаваштво и агенција Београд, 11. октобар 2000 [ ] ]

One of the legends associated with Merlin is that Vortigern, the King of England, was building a tower to defend himself from Ambrosius and Uther Pendragon. Like the Bridge of Arta, whenever they finished one day's work on the tower it would collapse in the night and Vortigern's advisors recommended that sacrificing a child and mixing his blood with the mortar would prevent the collapse.



* Artemis Leontis, "The Bridge between the Classical and the Balkan", "The South Atlantic Quarterly" 98:4:625-631 (1999) [ at MUSE] On understanding the place of the Bridge of Arta in the literary landscape.

External links

* [ Bridge of Arta, in Greek]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARTA — ARTA, Greek town in southern Epirus. Jews were living there in the 11th century while the area was under Byzantine sovereignty. This early community later united around the synagogue known as Kehillat Kodesh Toshavim ( Congregation of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Arta Prefecture — Infobox Pref GR name = Arta name local = Νομός Άρτας periph = Epirus capital = Arta population = 77,680 population as of = 2005 pop rank = 42nd pop dens = 46.7 popdens rank = 32nd area = 1,662 area rank = 40th postal code = 47x xx area code =… …   Wikipedia

  • Arch bridge — This article is about the structure type. For the bridge in Bellows Falls, Vermont, see Arch Bridge (Bellows Falls). Arch Bridge Double arch stone bridge, Japan Ancestor Clapper bridge Related …   Wikipedia

  • Anagennisi Arta F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Anagennisi Arta fullname = Αναγέννηση Άρτας Γ.Α.Σ. Π.Α.Ε. Anagennisi Arta G.A.S. P.A.E. nickname = founded = 1962 ground = Arta Stadium Arta, Greece capacity = 6.500 chairman = flagicon|Greece Georgios Aslanis… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangere Bridge (bridge) — For the suburb of the same name at the south end of the bridge, see Mangere Bridge, New Zealand Mangere Bridge, officially also called the Manukau Harbour Crossing, is a motorway bridge over the Manukau Harbour in south western Auckland, New… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangere Bridge (bridges) — For the suburb of the same name at the south end of the bridge, see Mangere Bridge, New Zealand. The duplicated Mangere Bridge seen from the south, with the suburb of the same name to the left …   Wikipedia

  • Chinvat Bridge — Part of a series on Zoroastrianism Portal Primary topics Zoroas …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de ponts de Grèce — Cette liste de ponts de Grèce a pour vocation de présenter une liste de ponts remarquables de Grèce, tant par leurs caractéristiques dimensionnelles, que par leur intérêt architectural ou historique. Le pont Rion Antirion La catégorie lien donne… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arachthos River — The Arachthos River (Greek: Άραχθος) is a river in eastern Epirus in Greece that flows from the Pindus mountains and begins in the area southeast of Metsovo in the Ioannina Prefecture near the Trikala Prefecture and flows by numerous village… …   Wikipedia

  • List of bridges — The list of bridges is a link page for any bridges that are notable enough to have an article, or that are likely to have an article in the future.Afghanistan*Afghanistan–Uzbekistan Friendship Bridge *Tajik Afghan Friendship… …   Wikipedia