Slovenian Littoral

Slovenian Littoral

The Slovenian Littoral ( _sl. Primorska; _it. Litorale; _de. Küstenland) is a historical region of Slovenia. Its name recalls the historical Habsburg crown land of the Austrian Littoral, of which the Slovenian Littoral was a part.

The region comprises two traditional provinces: Goriška and Slovenian Istria. During the period of Austrian rule, the region was known as the Austrian Littoral, and was divided into Istria, the Imperial Free City of Trieste, and the autonomous Crown Lands of Gorizia and Gradisca.

In 1918, the whole area was occupied by the Italian army; in 1920, Italy annexed it, calling it the "Julian March". After World War Two, the area was split between Yugoslavia, which got the majority of the region, and Italy, which kept the urban centres of Trieste and Gorizia. As a result, new urban centres on the Slovenian part of the border developed; today, the main urban centers of the Slovene Littoral are Koper and the Nova Gorica - Šempeter conurbation.

After Ljubljana, the Slovene Littoral is the most developed and economically prosperous part of Slovenia.

ee also

*London Pact
*Battles of the Isonzo
*Free Territory of Trieste
*Treaty of Osimo
*Vipava Valley
*Slovenian wine

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