Esperanza, Santa Fe


Esperanza, Santa Fe

Esperanza is a city in the center of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It has about 36,000 inhabitants as of the census-ar|2001 and it is the head town of the Las Colonias Department.

Esperanza is at the heart of the most important dairy district of the country (milk production is based on the Holando-Argentino breed). Cattle farming is also a major activity. Additionally it hosts many small and medium industries in a variety of sectors (wood, metalmechanics, food products, book printing, editorials, textile, leather, etc.).

History

Esperanza was the first formally organized agricultural colony in Argentina, formed by 200 families of immigrants from Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy, Belgium and Luxembourg who arrived during January and February 1856. The town was officially founded on 1856-09-08. The lands for each family in the colony had been set aside on 1853-06-15 by an agreement (the Agricultural Colonization Contract) between the government of Santa Fe and the entrepreneur Aarón Castellanos. The original name of the city was Colonia Esperanza, that is "Colony Hope".

The city was the third one in the province to have a Municipal Council, after Rosario and Santa Fe, on 1861-05-04. It was declared the head town of its department in 1884. In 1892 it hosted the first Agricultural Congress of the Republic.

In 1944 the national government decreed that September 8, the feast of the birth of the Virgin Mary (patron of Esperanza), was to be the National Day of the Agricultural Worker, and in 1979 Esperanza was declared permanent seat of the National Festival of Agriculture and National Agricultoral Worker Day.

References

* [http://www.esperanza.gov.ar/ Municipality of Esperanza] - Official website.
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