Bay of Plenty
established_title2= Borough status
established_title3= City status
established_title4= City status revoked
Te Arawa, Ngāti Ranginui
Rotorua is a city on the southern shore of
Lake Rotoruain the Bay of Plentyregion of the North Islandof New Zealand, and Rotorua District is the encompassing local authority area. The city has a population of 64,509. It is 60 km south of Tauranga, 105 km south-east of Hamilton and 82 km north-east of Taupo. The District is divided between the Bay of Plenty (61.52 percent of its land area) and the Waikato (38.48 percent) Regions. Rotorua's suburbs are Ngongotaha, Fairy Springs, Selwyn Heights, Kawaha Point, Western Heights, Pukehangi, Pleasant Heights, Mangakakahi, Sunnybrook, Pomare, Utuhina, Ohinemutu, Koutu, Hillcrest, Matipo Heights, Glenholme, Fordlands, Springfield, Rotorua West, Fenton Park, Whakarewarewa, Waipa Village, Tihiotonga, Ngapuna, Lynmore, Te Ngae, Owhata, Hannahs Bay, Holdens Bay and Rotokawa.
Rotorua is well-known for geothermal activity. There are a number of
geysers, notably the Pohutu geyser at Whakarewarewa, and hot mud pools located in the city, which owe their presence to the Rotorua caldera.
Rotorua won the "New Zealand's Most Beautiful City Award" in 2002 and 2006. [ [http://www.rdc.govt.nz/Our+Services/Engineering+Services/Keep+Rotorua+Beautiful+-+Litter+Control/default.htm Keep Rotorua Beautiful - Litter Control] ]
Rotorua is connected to the north by State Highway 5, to the east by State Highway 33, to the west by State Highway 30, and to the south by State Highway 5. Increasingly though travellers to Tauranga are selecting the newly commissioned State Highway 36 via
Ngongotaha, Kaharoaand Pyes Pa.
Rotorua Regional Airport provides daily flights to
Auckland International Airportand Wellington International Airportvia turbo-prop services and Christchurch International Airportusing turbo-props and a daily jet service. Plans are afoot to increase the runway length to allow trans-Tasman flights.
Rotorua is also connected to the rail network with a branch line from Putaruru to the north, currently disused.
Rotorua is also home to the largest tertiary institute outside of the university centres,
Waiariki Institute of Technology.
Rotorua has its own regional television channel, [http://tvrotorua.co.nz/ TV Rotorua] .
The name "Rotorua" comes from Māori, the full name being "Te Rotorua-nui-a-Kahumatamomoe"; "roto" means lake and "rua" two - "Rotorua" thus meaning 'Second lake'. Kahumatamomoe was the uncle of the
Māorichief Ihenga, the ancestral explorer of the Te Arawa.Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p383.] It was the second major lake the chief discovered, and he dedicated it to his uncle. It is the largest of a multitude found to the north-east of the city, all connected with the Rotorua Caldera and nearby Mount Tarawera. The name can also mean the equally appropriate 'crater lake'.
The area was initially settled by
Māoriof the Te Arawa iwi. The first European in the area was probably Phillip Tapsellwho was trading from the Bay of Plentycoast at Maketufrom 1828. He later married into Te Arawaand became highly regarded by them. [http://www.teara.govt.nz/1966/T/TapsellPhilipOrFelkalsoSpeltFalkHans/TapsellPhilipOrFelkalsoSpeltFalkHans/en New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Tapsell Biography] ] Missionaries Henry Williamsand Thomas Chapman visited in 1831 and Chapman and his wife established a mission at Te Kouto in 1835. [http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/default.asp?Find_Quick.asp?PersonEssay=1G23 New Zealand Dictionary of Biography: Thomas Chapman] ] This was abandoned within a year but Chapman returned in 1838 and established a second mission at Mokoia Island.
The lakeshore was a prominent site of skirmishes during the New Zealand Wars of the 1860s. A "special town district" was created in the 1883, in order to promote Rotorua's potential as a spa. The town was connected to Auckland with the opening of the Rotorua Branch railway and commencement of the
Rotorua Expresstrain in 1894, resulting in the rapid growth of the town and tourism from this time forward. Rotorua was established as a borough in 1922 and declared a city in 1962 before becoming a District in 1979.
source =NIWA Climate Datacite web
November 2|accessyear= 2007
accessdate =1971 – 2000
Thermal activity is at the heart of much of Rotorua's tourist appeal. Geysers and bubbling mud-pools, hot thermal springs and the Buried Village (Te Wairoa) - so named after it was buried by the 1886 Mt Tarawera eruption - are within easy reach of the city.
Kuirau Park, to the west end of the central city, is also remarkable - hot bubbling mud pools dot the park, lending a surreal air to the setting. Visitors can soak their feet in hot pools.
Rotorua is nicknamed Sulphur City, because of the aforementioned thermal activity. The sulphur gives off an odour unique to Rotorua that adds to the visitor experience.
The especially pungent smell in the central-east 'Te Ngae' area is due to the dense sulphur deposits located next to the southern boundary of the Government Gardens, in the area known as 'Sulphur Point'.
With 17 lakes, the Rotorua region is an aquatic paradise. Fishing, waterskiing, swimming and other water activities are popular in summer. The lakes are also great event venues; Rotorua hosted the 2007 World Waterski Championships. Lake Rotorua is also used as a departure and landing point for float planes.
Rotorua is also home to botanical gardens and interesting historic architecture. Known as a spa town and major tourist resort since the 1800s, many of its buildings hint at this history. Government Gardens, close to the lakeshore at the eastern end of the town, are particularly worthy of note.
Another of Rotorua's attractions is the
mountain biking. Whakarewarewa (also known as the "Redwoods") Forest has been described as 'the Disneyland of mountain biking' and has some of the best mountain bike trails in New Zealand. Rotorua hosted the UCI Mountain Bike and Trials World Championships, in August 2006.
*Wayne "Buck" Shelford
Michael Barker (drummer)
Liam Messam, rugby union player for Waikato
Julian Dean, road racing cyclist
Sam Bewley, NZ bronze medalist in cycling.
Rotorua has four sister cities:
Klamath Falls, Oregon, USA[ [http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/OR Sister Cities International] ]
Beppu, Kyūshū, Japan
*flagicon|Australia Lake Macquarie,
New South Wales, Australia
Wuzhong, Suzhou, China
The free-to-air TV stations received in Rotorua come from the Pukepoto transmitter. They are broadcast on the following frequencies:
* [http://www.rotoruanz.com/ Official Rotorua Website]
* [http://nz.youtube.com/user/DestinationRotorua Official Rotorua YouTube channel]
* [http://itvlive.co.nz/ Visitor Information TV & Website]
* [http://tvrotorua.co.nz/ TV Rotorua]
* [http://www.kiwiherald.com/Rotorua.html Glorious Mud: A Tourist's Introduction to Rotorua]
* [http://www.zoomin.co.nz/nz/rotorua/ Rotorua Street Maps]
* [http://www.riderotorua.com/ Mountain Biking in Rotorua]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rotorua — nui a Kahu Vue générale de la ville Données générales Île … Wikipédia en Français
Rotorua — ist ein Kurort auf der neuseeländischen Nordinsel und hat 54.900 Einwohner (2005). Er liegt in der Region Bay of Plenty und ist Verwaltungssitz des Rotorua Distriktes. Rotorua Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rotorua — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rotorua (Te Rotorua nui a Kahumatamomoe) Datos básicos Regiones: Bay of Plenity, Waikato Coordenadas … Wikipedia Español
Rotorua — Rotorua, See in einer Caldera im Vulkangebiet der Nordinsel Neuseelands, 280 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 83 km2, 26 m tief, bekannt durch seine Thermalquellen und Geysire; seine ehemaligen eindrucksvollen Sinterterrassen wurden durch einen… … Universal-Lexikon
Rotorua — /roh teuh rooh euh/, n. a city on N central North Island, in New Zealand. 46,650. * * * ▪ New Zealand city (“district”), north central North Island, New Zealand. It lies at the southwestern end of Lake Rotorua, for which it is named. Founded in… … Universalium
Rotorua — Original name in latin Rotorua Name in other language ROT, Rotorua, Rotorua nui a Kahu, luo tuo lu ya, Роторуа State code NZ Continent/City Pacific/Auckland longitude 38.13874 latitude 176.24516 altitude 287 Population 65901 Date 2012 04 27 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Rotorua — /roʊtəˈruə/ (say rohtuh roohuh) noun 1. a town in NZ in the central part of the North Island; nearby steaming lakes, geysers and mud pools. 2. Lake, a large, circular lake on the North Island, NZ, with the town of Rotorua on its southern shore.… … Australian English dictionary
Rotorua — geographical name city New Zealand in N central North Island population 53,700 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Rotorua — /roh teuh rooh euh/, n. a city on N central North Island, in New Zealand. 46,650 … Useful english dictionary
Rotorua International Airport — A Boeing 737 300 of the now defunct Freedom Air taxis along Runway 36L on 26 October 2005 IATA: ROT – ICAO … Wikipedia