Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom


Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Princess Victoria



caption =Princess Victoria, c. 1905
full name =Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary
titles ="HRH" The Princess Victoria
"HRH" Princess Victoria of Wales
royal house =House of Windsor
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
father =Edward VII
mother =Alexandra of Denmark
date of birth =birth date|1868|7|6|df=y
place of birth =Marlborough House, London
date of christening =6 August 1868
place of christening =Marlborough House, London
date of death =death date and age|1935|12|3|1868|7|6|df=y
place of death =Coppins, Buckinghamshire
place of burial =Frogmore, Windsor|
Infobox British Nobility Styles


royal name=The Princess Victoria
dipstyle=Her Royal Highness
offstyle=Your Royal Highness
altstyle=Ma'am|

The Princess Victoria (Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary; 6 July 1868 – 3 December 1935), also called "Toria", was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and second daughter of Edward VII.

Early life

Princess Victoria was born on the 6 July 1868 at Marlborough House, London. [cite web |url=http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/36655?docPos=6 |title=Princess Victoria |accessdate=2008-06-28 |last=Dimond |first=Frances |date=2008 |work= |publisher=Oxford Dictionary of National Biography] Her father was Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Her mother was The Princess of Wales (née Princess Alexandra of Denmark), the daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel). As the granddaughter of the British monarch she was styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Wales". She was known to her family as "Toria".

She was christened at Marlborough House on 6 August 1868 by Archibald Campbell Tait, Bishop of London and her godparents were: Queen Victoria, The Emperor of Russia, The Tsarevitch of Russia, The Prince Arthur, Prince Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine, Prince George of Hesse-Kassel, The Queen of Greece, The Dowager Queen of Denmark, The Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, The Duchess of Teck and The Princess Friedrich of Anhalt-Dessau.

Princess Victoria of Wales was educated by tutors and spent her childhood at Marlborough House and Sandringham. The Princess was particularly close to her brother, the future King George V.

Royal life

Although she had a number of suitors, Princess Victoria never married. Her mother, Alexandra, is believed to have actively discouraged her from marrying. Instead she remained a companion to her parents, particularly her mother, with whom she lived until Queen Alexandra's death in 1925. The Princess then set up her own home at Coppins Ralph Hancock, Iver, in Buckinghamshire. She took a particular interest in the village life, becoming honorary president of the Iver Horticultural Society.

Later life

Princess Victoria died at home in December 1935. Her funeral took place at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle and she was buried at Frogmore Royal Burial Ground, Windsor Great Park. Her death greatly affected George V, who died one month later.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*6 July 1868 – 22 January 1901: "Her Royal Highness" Princess Victoria of Wales
*22 January 1901 – 3 December 1935: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess Victoria

Honours

*6 August 1887: Imperial Order of the Crown of India
*First Class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
*Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem

Arms

Upon her younger sister's marriage in 1896, Princess Victoria was awarded a personal coat of arms, being the arms of the kingdom, bearing an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony and differenced with a label argent of five points, the first, third and fifth bearing roses gules, and the second and fourth crosses gules. [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Heraldica – British Royal Cadency] ] The inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant in 1917.

Ancestors

ahnentafel-compact5
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom
2= 2. Edward VII of the United Kingdom
3= 3. Alexandra of Denmark
4= 4. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
5= 5. Victoria of the United Kingdom
6= 6. Christian IX of Denmark
7= 7. Louise of Hesse-Kassel
8= 8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
9= 9. Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
10= 10. Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
11= 11. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
12= 12. Frederick William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
13= 13. Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel
14= 14. Prince William of Hesse
15= 15. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
16= 16. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
17= 17. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
18= 18. Emil, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
19= 19. Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
20= 20. George III of the United Kingdom
21= 21. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
22= 22. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (= 16)
23= 23. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 17)
24= 24. Frederick Charles Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
25= 25. Countess Friederike von Schlieben
26= 26. Charles of Hesse
27= 27. Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway
28= 28. Prince Frederick of Hesse
29= 29. Caroline of Nassau-Usingen
30= 30. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway
31= 31. Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

ources

*"Princess Victoria, His Majesty's Sister, A Quiet Home Life," "The Times", 4 December 1935, p. 18, column A.
*Ronald Allison and Sarah Ridell, "The Royal Encyclopedia" (London: Macmillan, 1992).

References


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