Ateneo de Manila University


Ateneo de Manila University

Infobox University
native_name = Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila
name = Ateneo de Manila University
former_names = Escuela Municipal de Manila (1859-1865),
Ateneo Municipal de Manila (1865-1901),
Ateneo de Manila (1901-present)



motto = "Lux in Domino" (Latin)
mottoeng = Light in the Lord
established = 10 December 1859
type = Private, Roman Catholic, Jesuit
president = Fr. Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J.
city = Quezon City
state = Metro Manila
country = Philippines
students = 11,465
undergrad = 7,533
postgrad = 3,932
staff =
campus = 1.2 km² (Loyola Heights campus)
colors = Blue and White color box|#0260A8color box|white
free_label = Hymn
free = "A Song for Mary"
mascot =
nickname = Ateneo Blue Eagles
fightsong = "Blue Eagle, the King"
affiliations = ACUCA, ASEACCU, AUN, JCEAO, UAAP, UPEACE, among others.
website = [http://www.ateneo.edu/ www.ateneo.edu]

The Ateneo de Manila University (also called "Ateneo de Manila" or simply "the Ateneo") is a private university run by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. It began in 1859 when the City of Manila handed control of the "Escuela Municipal de Manila" in Intramuros, Manila to the Jesuits. It was then a state-subsidized school. It became a private school during the American occupation of the Philippines, and has moved from Manila to its current location. It received its university charter in 1959.

Its main campus in Loyola Heights, Quezon City, Metro Manila is home to the university's college and graduate school units, as well as its high school and grade school. Two other campuses, in Rockwell Center and Salcedo Village, both in Makati City, house the university's professional schools of business, law, and government. A fourth facility in the Don Eugenio López, Sr. Medical Complex in Ortigas Center, Pasig City houses its school of medicine and public health.

The Ateneo offers programs in the elementary, secondary, undergraduate, and graduate levels. Its academic offerings cover various fields, including the Arts, Humanities, Business, Law, the Social Sciences, Philosophy, Theology, Medicine and Public Health, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science and Information Technology, Engineering, Environmental Science, and Government. Aside from teaching, the Ateneo de Manila also engages in research and social outreach.

It is one of only two universities in the Philippines to receive Level IV accreditation--the highest possible level--from the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines and the PAASCU. It received its Level IV accreditation on June 2004.

Among the Ateneo's alumni are José Rizal, the National Hero of the Philippines, several leaders of the propaganda movement during Philippine Revolution against Spain and the Philippine-American War, famous politicians including three Philippine Presidents, political activists, professionals, businessmen, and some famous writers, scientists, educators, and artists.

Institution

The Ateneo de Manila University operates from several campuses in Metro Manila, with each campus housing different academic and research units. Several thousand faculty members serve a diverse student body of different ages in different academic levels, from elementary to postgraduate. The Loyola Schools have around 8,000 undergraduate students and around 3,000 graduate students making the Ateneo small, in terms of population, relative to many other Philippine universities. [http://www.ateneo.edu Ateneo de Manila University official website] ]

The University began in 1859 when the City of Manila turned over the Escuela Municipal de Manila, a public primary school in Intramuros, to Spanish Jesuits. The school took the name Ateneo when it began offering secondary education in 1865, and has since grown into a university engaged in teaching, research, and social outreach. Its academic programs are geared towards research coupled with praxis and real-world output through which the university and its community engage social problems, especially in areas of national development and addressing poverty. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=348 The First 100 Years of the Ateneo de Manila] ] Ateneo de Manila University President's Report 2005]

ocial initiatives

The Ateneo has grounded its vision and mission in Jesuit educational tradition. The university's vision-mission statement may be summarized as follows:

:"A Filipino, Catholic, and Jesuit university, the Ateneo de Manila aims to form men and women with and for others, who critically examine their world and pursue excellence in leadership and service in order to solve social problems, and to drive sustainable, inclusive, and empowering human development in the Philippines and the world at large."

Because of the Jesuit educational tradition of engagement with the world at large, the university is involved with civic work. Social involvement is a key part of Ateneo education, being integrated into the curricula of practically all university programs.Social entrepreneurship is also a key thrust now integrated into many of the university's academic programs. [http://www.newsweek.com/id/151702 "The Classroom Reality:The Jesuits are educating the rich about the poor in their expanding network of private schools."] Newsweek International, August 18 and 25, 2008. Last accessed 13 August 2008.]

Some of the Ateneo's social projects include the Ateneo-Mangyan Project for Understanding and Development (AMPUD) and Bigay Puso in grade school; and the Christian Service and Involvement Program, Damay Immersion, and Tulong Dunong program for senior students in high school.

In college, social development is fostered by many programs of the Office of Social Concern and Involvement, including house-builds with Gawad Kalinga, and the Ateneo Labor Trials Program tied into junior Philosophy classes. Various student organizations and offices of the Loyola Schools also operate their own social involvement programs.Ateneo de Manila University President's Report 2006]

At the Ateneo Professional Schools, programs and units like the Graduate School of Business' Mulat-Diwa, the Leaders for Health Program, the Law School's Human Rights Center and Legal Aid programs aim to form leaders for the frontlines.

Other Ateneo initiatives include Pathways to Higher Education, a comprehensive response to the problem faced by academically-gifted yet financially-underprivileged youth who seek a college education; and the Ateneo Center for Educational Development (ACED), which conducts highly effective national teacher and principal training programs.

The centerpiece social program of the university is its university-wide social action program, its partnership with Gawad Kalinga, which, to date, has helped build communities and schools in Payatas, Quezon City, in many Nueva Ecija municipalities, and three villages in Bicol. GK-Ateneo has also driven Kalinga Luzon, the massive rehabilitation effort for victims of the late 2004 Luzon typhoons, GK Youth-Ateneo, arguably the largest and most active student social program of the Ateneo, Kalinga Leyte, an ongoing program which aims to provide long-term rehabilitation for the victims of the Southern Leyte landslide, and ongoing reconstruction efforts for typhoon-stricken Bicol. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=6 Ateneo de Manila Outreach Programs] ]

Administration

Affiliate units

Affiliate units are allied institutions which may or may not formally be part of the Ateneo de Manila, but which are based in an Ateneo campus, and support or augment the work of the university in various fields.

Membership in organizations

The Ateneo de Manila University is part of the following networks and academic consortia: [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/oip/linkages/networks.html Ateneo de Manila University Office of International Programs] ]

International

*ASEAN University Network (AUN)
*Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia (ACUCA)
*Asia Europe Foundationa (ASEF)
*Association of Southeast and East Asian Catholic Colleges and Universities (ASEACCU)
*Association of Universities of Asia and the Pacific (AUAP)
*European Studies Consortium
*Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
*Hong Kong Baptist David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies (HKBU-LEWI)
*Hong Kong Baptist University-Wing Lung Bank International Institute for Business Development (HKBU-IIBD)
*International Association of Universitites (IAU)
*International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU)
*Jesuit Conference for East Asia & Oceania (JCEAO)
*Philippine Scholarship Award for Canadian Students (PSACS)
*University for Peace (UPEACE)
*University Mobility in Asian and the Pacific-Commission on Higher Education (UMAP-CHED)

Local

*Association of Catholic Universities in the Philippines (ACUP)
*Catholic Education Association of the Philippines (CEAP)
*Jesuit Conference for East Asia & Oceania (JCEAO)
*Philippine Academic Consortium for Latin American Studies (PACLAS)
*University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP)

International programs

The Ateneo has growing international linkages with universities, institutions, and organizations from all over the world, particularly in Asia, Australia, North and South America, and Europe. Through these cooperative efforts, the university hosts visiting faculty and research fellows from institutions abroad, and in turn, Ateneo faculty members also engage in teaching, research, and study in institutions abroad. [http://www.ateneo.edu./oip Ateneo de Manila Office of International Programs website] ] [ [http://www.nippon-foundation.or.jp/eng/brief_dtl/20070502IntheNews_PeaceUniversity.html] Ateneo chosen as campus of UN's University of Peace] ]

International cooperation also includes active student exchange through Philippine immersion programs for a month or two for small groups of 15-18 students or full study programs wherein students from partner institutions abroad take regular courses.

The Loyola Schools also offers students an opportunity to study abroad under a student exchange program during their undergraduate or graduate years. Students engage in either semestral or yearly study or exchange programs in partner universities abroad. Students of the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science & Engineering and the Fine Arts Program of the School of Humanities can also sign up for the Junior Term Abroad program, wherein they will spend a semester in one of the Ateneo's partner schools for undergraduate business studies.

History

Early history

The founding of the Ateneo de Manila University finds its roots in the history of the Society of Jesus as a teaching order in the Philippines.

The first Spanish Jesuits arrived in the Philippines in 1581 as missionaries. They were custodians of the "ratio studiorum", the Jesuit system of education developed around 1559. Within a decade of their arrival, the Society, through Fr. Antonio Sedeño, founded the Colegio de Manila (often referred to as the "Colegio de San Ignacio" or "Colegio Máximo de San Ignacio" in historical textbooks) in Intramuros in 1590. The Colegio formally opened in 1595, and was the first school in the Philippines.The Ateneo Aegis (Official Yearbook)]

In 1621, the Colegio de Manila was authorized to confer university degrees in theology and arts by virtue of the privileges conferred by Pope Gregory XV on colleges of the Society of Jesus.Horacio de la Costa, S.J. "The Jesuits in the Philippines."] In 1623, Philip IV of Spain confirmed the authorization, while in 1732, Philip V of Spain founded two "regius" (royal) professorships in the Colegio, one in canon and another in civil law, making the school both a pontifical and a royal institution. [http://www.clsp.org.ph/docs/1999-historical-profile.pdf.] The institution was frequently referred to in contemporary documents as the Universidad Máximo de San Ignacio, the first royal and pontifical university in the Philippines and in Asia.Roman A. Cruz, Jr. "The Ateneo Story." "Aegis." 1959] Jose S. Arcilla, S.J. "Rizal and the Emergence of the Philippine Nation". Office of Research and Publications, Ateneo de Manila University. 2003. ISBN 971-550-020-X] Teodoro A. Agoncillo. "History of the Filipino People, 8th Edition". Garotech Publishing. 1990. ISBN 971-8711-06-6] Horacio de la Costa, S.J. "Light Cavalry."]

However, by the mid-18th century, Catholic colonial powers, notably France, Portugal, and Spain, had grown hostile to the Society of Jesus because the Jesuits actively educated and empowered colonized people. The Society was particularly notorious for encouraging indigenous people to seek self-governance. Because of this, the colonial powers eventually expelled the Society, often quite brutally, from their realms.

In 1768, the Jesuits surrendered the San Ignacio to Spanish civil authorities following their suppression and expulsion from Spain and the rest of the Spanish realm, including the Philippines. Under pressure from Catholic royalty, Pope Clement XIV formally declared the dissolution of the Society of Jesus in 1773.
Pope Pius VII reinstated the Society in 1814, after almost seven decades of persecution and over four decades of formal suppression. However, the Jesuits would not return to the Philippines until 1859, almost a century after their expulsion.

19th century

Through an 1852 Royal Decree from Queen Isabella II, ten Spanish Jesuits arrived in Manila on 14 April 1859, nearly a century after the Jesuits left the Philippines. This Jesuit mission was sent mainly to do missionary work in Mindanao and Jolo.

Because of the Jesuits' entrenched reputation as educators among Manila’s leaders, on August 5 the "Ayuntamiento" or city council requested the Governor-General to found and finance a Jesuit school using public funds. On 1 October 1859, the Governor-General authorized the Jesuits to take over the Escuela Municipal de Manila, a small private school maintained for some 30 children of Spanish residents. Ten Spanish Jesuit priests and a Jesuit brother began operating the school on 10 December 1859. The Ateneo de Manila University considers this date its foundation day.

Partly subsidized by the "Ayuntamiento", the Escuela was the only primary school in Manila at the time. The Escuela eventually changed its name to "Ateneo Municipal de Manila" in 1865, when it became accredited as an institution of secondary education. It began by offering the "bachillerato" or bachelor's degree, as well as courses leading to certificates in agriculture, surveying, and business. Jose Rizal, who would later be named National Hero of the Philippines, enrolled for his secondary studies in 1872, and went on to graduate in 1877 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He continued studying at the Ateneo for a license in land surveying.

After Americans occupied the Philippines in the early 1900s, the Ateneo de Manila lost its government subsidy from the city and became a private institution. The Jesuits removed the word "Municipal" from the school’s official name soon after, and it has since been known as the Ateneo de Manila.

In 1908, the American colonial government recognized the Ateneo de Manila's college status and licensed its offering the bachelor’s degee and certificates in various disciplines, including electrical engineering. The Ateneo campus also housed other Jesuit institutions of research and learning, such as the Manila Observatory and the San Jose Major Seminary.

Early 20th century

American Jesuits took over Ateneo administration in 1912. Fr. Richard O’Brien, the third American rector, led the relocation to the grounds the San Jose Major Seminary in Padre Faura, Ermita after a fire destroyed the Intramuros campus in 1932.

The Ateneo campus was devastated again during World War II. Only one structure remained standing – the statue of St. Joseph and the Child Jesus which now stands in front of the Jesuit Residence in the Loyola Heights campus. Salvaged ironwork and statues from the ruins have since been incorporated into various existing Ateneo buildings such as the Ateneo monograms on the gates of the Loyola Heights campus, the iron grillwork on the ground floor of Xavier Hall, and the statue of the Immaculate Conception displayed at the University Archives.

But even if the Ateneo campus had been destroyed, the university survived. Following the American liberation, the Ateneo de Manila reopened temporarily in Plaza Guipit in Sampaloc, Manila. The Padre Faura campus reopened in 1946 with Quonset huts serving as buildings among the campus ruins.Soledad S. Reyes. "From the walled city by the sea to the hill over the valley: The Ateneo through the years" "The Hill." Maiden Issue. 2004.] Jaime C. Bulatao, S.J. "Death of A University." "Ateneo Alumni Guidon", Vol. VII No. I, Vol. VII No. 2, and Vol. VIII No. 1]

In 1952, Fr. William F. Masterson S.J., moved most of the Ateneo units to its present Loyola Heights campus. This decision faced some opposition, with an American Jesuit supposedly saying that only the "children of Tarzan" would study in the new campus.History of the Ateneo de Manila, 2006, 2007, and 2008 Executive Planners] But over the years, the Loyola Heights campus has become the center of a dynamic community. The Padre Faura campus continued to house the professional schools until 1976.

Fr. Francisco Araneta, S.J. was appointed as the Ateneo de Manila's first Filipino Rector in 1958. In 1959, its centennial year, the Ateneo became a university.

Late 20th century

The following decades saw escalating turbulence engulf the university as an active movement for Filipinization and a growing awareness of the vast gulf between rich and poor grip the entire nation. Throughout the 1960s, Ateneans pushed for an Ateneo which was more conversant with the Filipino situation and rooted more deeply in Filipino values. They pushed for the use of Filipino for instruction, and pushed the university to implement reforms that addressed the growing social problems of poverty and injustice. During that time, the Graduate School split into the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Economics and Business Administration, which eventually became the Graduate School of Business.

In 1965, Fr. Horacio de la Costa, became the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus. ["Aegis" 1965] On 25 September 1969, Pacifico Ortiz, S.J., was installed as the first Filipino President of the Ateneo de Manila."The Guidon" October 2004] A year earlier, the Ateneo co-founded the Asian Institute of Management. [http://www.aim.edu.ph/aboutaim/history.asp Asian Institute of Management ] ]

Ateneans also played a vital role together with student organizations from other prominent colleges and universities as student activism rose in academe in the 1970s.Cristina Jayme Montiel and Susan Evangelista, eds. "Down from the Hill: Ateneo de Manila In the First Ten Years Under Martial Law, 1971-1982." Ateneo de Manila University Press. 2005. ISBN 971-550-486-8.] Students faced university expulsion and violent government dispersal as they protested the dismissal of dissenting faculty and students, oppressive laws and price hikes, human rights violations, and other injustices. On 21 September 1972, Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law. The university administration had great difficulty reconciling the promotion of social justice and keeping the university intact. They locked down on the more overt expressions of activism--violence and miltancy--and strived to maintain a semblance of normalcy as they sought to keep military men from being stationed on campus.

In 1973, Jesuit Superior General Fr. Pedro Arrupe called for Jesuit schools to educate for justice and to form "men and women for others." [ [http://www.sjweb.info/education/documents/arr_men_en.doc Fr. Pedro Arrupe, S.J. "Men for Others"] ] The Ateneo college opened its doors to its first female students in that same year.

The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences moved to Loyola Heights in 1976, and the Padre Faura campus finally closed in 1977 as the Graduate School of Business and the School of Law moved to H.V. de la Costa St. in Salcedo Village, Makati. That same year, the Ateneo, then the ‘winningest’ school in men's basketball, left the NCAA, which it co-founded, due to violence plaguing the league.

In February 1978, the Ateneo opened the Ateneo-Univac Computer Technology Center, one of the country’s pioneering computer centers. This later became the Ateneo Computer Technology Center. The Ateneo also joined the University Athletic Association of the Philippines.

On 21 August 1983, Ateneo alumnus Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. was assassinated upon his return from exile in the United States. Ateneans continued to work with sectors such as the poor, non-government organizations, and some activist groups in the dying years of the martial law era.On 11 February 1986, alumnus and Antique Governor Evelio Javier was gunned down. Two weeks later, Ateneans joined thousands of Filipinos from all walks of life in the peaceful uprising at EDSA which ousted Ferdinand Marcos.

Recent history

In 1987, nine years after the Ateneo joined the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP), the university went on to win its first crown in UAAP men’s basketball. The Blue Eagles won a second straight title in 1988.

In 1991, the Ateneo joined in relief operations to help the victims affected by the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. That same year saw the School of Law phase out its Bachelor of Laws degree to become the first Philippine law school to confer the Juris Doctor degree.

In 1994, the Ateneo was one of the first Philippine schools on the Internet, and was part of the conference that connected the Philippines to the world wide web. [http://www.info.com.ph/~chinwong/RP%20marks%207th%20year.html] In 1996 the Ateneo relaunched the Ateneo Computer Technology Center as the Ateneo Information Technology Institute and established the Ateneo School of Government. In 1998, the Ateneo’s Rockwell campus, which currently houses the Ateneo Graduate School of Business, the Ateneo School of Law, and the Ateneo School of Government, was completed in Rockwell Center in Bel-Air, Makati. The Science Education Complex was completed in the Loyola Heights campus.

In 2000, the School of Arts and Sciences which comprised the College and the Graduate School restructured into four Loyola Schools: the School of Humanities, the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science and Engineering, and the School of Social Sciences. The Moro Lorenzo Sports Complex was completed in the Loyola Heights campus to bolster the sports program. Midway through that year, high school alumnus and Philippine President Joseph Estrada faced grave corruption charges connected with economic plunder and "jueteng", an illegal numbers game. The University hosted KOMPIL II and other organizations and movements in its Loyola Heights and Makati campuses. Members of the university community participated in the Jericho March at the Senate and other mass actions.

In 2001, Ateneo Master of Arts alumna and former Economics faculty member Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was sworn in as the 14th President of the Philippines, overthrowing Estrada after top military officers withdrew support from his as commander in chief.

In April 2002, the office of the University President established Pathways to Higher Education-Philippines, one of the university's outreach initiatives, with the help of the Ford and Synergeia Foundations. On July 31, the feast of St. Ignatius, the University Church of the Gesù was completed in the Loyola Heights campus, and was consecrated by Jaime Cardinal Sin. The year also saw the Blue Eagles end a 14-year drought in men's basketball. ["The Guidon." October 2002.]

In 2003, the Ateneo entered into its partnership with Gawad Kalinga, its first formal, university-wide social action program. In response to the typhoons and flooding that devastated most of the Philippine Island of Luzon in November 2004, the Ateneo launched Task Force Noah, its disaster response initiative, which has continued to contribute to disaster relief and rehabilitation efforts in areas that include Calatagan in Mindoro and Guinsaugon in Southern Leyte. The Ateneo earned the highest possible accreditation status, Level IV, the second Philippine university to earn this, from the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines and the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU). ["The Guidon." October 2005] That same year, the Ateneo de Manila celebrated its 145th anniversary, and the 145th anniversary of the return of Jesuit education in the Philippines. It also launched the countdown to its sesquicentennial in 2009.

As typhoon relief efforts wound down in January 2005 the Ateneo, Gawad Kalinga, and other partners launched Kalinga Luzon (KL), a program dedicated to the long-term rehabilitation of typhoon-stricken communities in Luzon. 2005 also saw the rise of initiatives such as the Social Involvement Workshops and other fora, especially in light of the political crisis sparked by allegations of President Arroyo's cheating in the 2004 presidential elections. ["KATIPUNAN Magazine." Issue 1, Volume 1, June 2005.] The Ateneo also established more tie-ups and foreign linkages, as well as prepared efforts leading to the development of the Leong Center for Chinese Studies in the university. [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/ateneo/www/SiteFiles/File/Publications/LoyolaSchoolBulletin/lsb4-5.pdf pre_final_layout_v01-vmc ] ]

In early 2006, members of the Ateneo de Manila University and affiliated Jesuit institutions were part of movements calling for discernment, action, and sustainable solutions to the deeply divisive political issues that continue to rock Filipino society. ["KATIPUNAN Magazine. March 2006.] The Ateneo de Manila University also intensified its social development efforts, launching Kalinga Leyte, a program for the long-term rehabilitation of Southern Leyte, with its GK partners. The Ateneo has also expanded the scope of its involvement with Gawad Kalinga and has begun to drive GK initiatives throughout Nueva Ecija, and in other provinces such as Cotobato and Quezon.

Midway through 2006, the Manuel V Pangilinan Center for Student Leadership was completed [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/ateneo/www/UserFiles/71/ls/lsb/lsb_aug-sept06.pdf lsb_aug-sept06 ] ] The University also began ground-breaking for the development of several projects: the Ricardo Leong Hall, which houses several units of the Loyola Schools' School of Social Sciences and the Confucius Institute for Chinese Studies, [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=120&type=2&aid=3047 Ateneo de Manila University ] ] [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/ateneo/www/UserFiles/71/ls/lsb/LSB_oct_2006.pdf pre_final_layout.pmd ] ] as well as the Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health facility in Ortigas, which welcomed its pioneering batch of professional students in June 2007. In December, the Ateneo also launched AGAP-Bikol in cooperation with other Jesuit-affiliated and civil society groups, in response to the devastation wrought by typhoons in the Bicol area. [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=120&type=2&aid=3040 Ateneo de Manila University ] ] On 5 December 2007, University President Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, S.J., launched "Frontline Leadership", a book project of the Ateneo School of Government (sponsored by German foundation Konrad Adenauer Stiftung), which narrates the performances of four former local officials, an unnamed female governor in the Visayas and one incumbent: Naga Mayor and Ramon Magsaysay awardee Jesse Robredo, former San Fernando, La Union Mayor Mary Jane Ortega, former Bulacan Gov. Josie de la Cruz, and former Surigao del Norte Gov. Robert Lyndon Barbers. [ [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/nation/view_article.php?article_id=105750 Inquirer.net, Frontline Leadership: 5 local execs show how] ]

Campuses

Loyola Heights campus

Overlooking the Marikina Valley, the main campus is located in Loyola Heights, along the eastern side of Katipunan Avenue, and is south of and adjacent to the campus of Miriam College.

The Grade School, High School, and Loyola Schools are located in the Ateneo's Loyola Heights campus. Beside the Grade School is the Henry Lee Irwin Theater, built in 1995 to house the school's formal events and productions. Complementing the old buildings of the Loyola Schools are the Science Education Complex, as well as the PLDT Convergent Technologies Center-John Gokongwei School of Management Complex.2007 Institutional Brochure, Ateneo de Manila University. Published by the Office of International Programs, Ateneo de Manila University.]

Within this campus is the Rizal Library, the main university library. The library houses one of the largest collections in the Philippines, and has among its holdings key collections such as the American Historical Collection, the Ateneo Library of Women's Writings, the Pardo de Tavera collection, a large collection of Filipiniana and rare books, electronic materials, bound and electronic journals and periodicals, and an assortment of microfiche materials. Near Rizal Library are the University Archives.

Also located here are numerous units and research centers affiliated with the Ateneo, such as the Institute of Social Order, Institute of Philippine Culture, Institute on Church and Social Issues, Asian Public Intellectuals Fellowships, the Philippine Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry, the Jesuit Communications Foundation, the Jesuit Basic Education Commission, and others. Also situated here are the East Asian Pastoral Institute, Loyola School of Theology, and San Jose Seminary, all Jesuit formation institutions all federated with the Ateneo de Manila University. The Manila Observatory is also located on campus.

Among the buildings in the southern part of the campus is the Blue Eagle Gym, also known as the Loyola Center, and at the north end stands the Moro Lorenzo Sports Center (MLSC). The Blue Eagle Gym is one of the largest gymnasiums among the universities in Metro Manila while the MLSC is often used by the Philippine National Basketball Team as well as other professional teams for their training needs.

The Church of the Gesu, completed in July 2002, overlooks the campus. The school's chapels include the St. Stanislaus Kostka Chapel and the Chapel of the First Companions in the High School, the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception in the College complex's Gonzaga Hall, the chapel at the Loyola House of Studies, and the Chapel of the Holy Guardian Angels in the Grade School, among others. Though strictly speaking not a part of the University but standing on its campus, San Jose Major Seminary also has a chapel. Moreover, walking distance from the University Campus are two parish churches: the Our Lady of Pentecost Parish Church and the Santa Maria della Strada Parish Church. The latter parish includes the university in its territory.

The university has two on-campus dormitories for college students: Cervini Hall and Eliazo Hall. Located near the Loyola Schools, Cervini accommodates approximately two hundred male students, while Eliazo houses one hundred and sixty female students. Other dormitories which are also open to college and graduate school students are those of the Institute of Social Order, Arrupe International Residence, and the East Asian Pastoral Institute.

The Ateneo de Manila is also home to the largest Jesuit community in the Philippines, most of whom reside at the Jesuit Residence in the Loyola Heights campus. These Jesuits are involved in teaching, administration, and research within the University and others work with other affiliated units.

Rockwell Center campus

The Rockwell Center campus of the Ateneo de Manila University houses the Ateneo Professional Schools, namely the Law School, Graduate School of Business, School of Government, AGSB-BAP Institute of Banking, and the Ateneo Center for Continuing Education.

The campus was donated by the Lopez Group of Companies to the Ateneo de Manila University. The Rockwell structure houses the different faculty departments, classroom and teaching facilities, several research centers, a moot court facility, and the Ateneo Professional Schools Library.

alcedo Village campus

The Salcedo Village campus houses the different facilities of the former Ateneo Information Technology Institute (AITI) and the Ateneo Center for Continuing Education (CCE).

Ortigas Center campus

The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health at the Don Eugenio López, Sr. Medical Complex in Ortigas Center, Pasig City opened its doors to its pioneering batch of students in June 2007. The ASMPH will be working with its adjoining partner hospital, The Medical City.

University traditions

The Ateneo name

The word and name "Ateneo" is the Spanish form of "Athenæum", which the Dictionary of Classical Antiquities defines as the name of "the first educational institution in Rome" where "rhetoricians and poets held their recitations." [ [http://www.chlt.org/sandbox/perseus/harper/page.1299.a.php Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898) ] ] Hadrian’s school drew its name from a Greek temple dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom. The said temple, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, was where "poets and men of learning were accustomed to meet and read their productions." [ [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=482 The Ateneo Name] ]

"Athenæum" is also used in reference to schools and literary clubs. The closest English translation is "academy," referring to institutions of secondary learning. The Escuela Municipal de Manila actually became the Ateneo Municipal only after it began offering secondary education in 1865.

The Society of Jesus in the Philippines established several other schools, all named Ateneo, since 1865, and over the years, the name "Ateneo" has become recognized as the official title of Jesuit institutions of higher learning in the Philippines.

When the United States withdrew subsidy from Ateneo in 1901, Father Rector Jose Clos, S.J. dropped the word "municipal" from the school name, which then became Ateneo de Manila, a name it keeps to this day. Since its university charter was granted in 1959, the school has officially been called the Ateneo de Manila University.

"Lux in Domino"

The Ateneo's motto is "Lux in Domino", meaning "Light in the Lord". This is not the school's original motto. The Escuela Municipal's 1859 motto was "Al merito y a la virtud": "In Merit and in Virtue". This motto persisted through the school's renaming in 1865 and in 1901. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=483 The Ateneo Motto] ]

The motto Lux in Domino first appeared as part of the Ateneo seal introduced by Father Rector Joaquin Añon, S.J. for the 1909 Golden Jubilee. It comes from the letter of Paul to the Ephesians, 5.8: "For you were once in darkness, now you are light in the lord. Live as children of light, for light produces every kind of goodness, righteousness, and truth."

eal

In 1859, the Escuela Municipal carried the coat of arms of the city of Manila, granted by King Philip II of Spain. By 1865, along with the change of name, the school's seal had evolved to include some religious images such as the Jesuit monogram "IHS" and some Marian symbols. A revision was introduced in the school's golden jubilee 1909 with clearer Marian symbols and the current motto, Lux in Domino. This seal was retained for 20 years.

Father Rector Richard O’Brien, S.J. introduced a new seal for Ateneo de Manila’s diamond jubilee in 1929. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=486 About the Ateneo seal] ] This seal abandons the arms of Manila and instead adopts a design that uses mostly Jesuit and Ignatian symbols. This is the seal currently used by the Ateneo.

The seal is defined by two semi-circular ribbons. The crown (top) ribbon contains the school motto, "Lux-in-Domino", while the base (bottom) ribbon contains the school name, "Ateneo de Manila". These ribbons define a circular field on which rests the shield of Oñaz-Loyola: a combination of the arms of the paternal and maternal sides of the family of St. Ignatius.

In precise heraldic terms, the Shield of Oñaz-Loyola may be described as: "Party per pale: Or, seven bendlets Gules; Argent, a two-eared pot hanging on a chain between two wolves rampant." In plain English, the shield is gold, and divided vertically. To the viewer's left is a field of gold with seven red bands. These are the arms of Oñaz, Ignatius' paternal family, which commemorates seven family heroes who fought with the Spaniards against 70,000 French, Navarese, and Gascons. To the viewer's right is a white or silver field with the arms of Loyola, Ignatius' maternal family. The arms consist of a two-eared pot hanging on a chain between two rampant wolves, which symbolize the nobility. The name "Loyola" is actually a contraction of lobos y olla (wolves and pot). The name springs from the family's reputation of being able to provide so well that they could feed even wild wolves.

Above the shield is a Basque sunburst, referring to the Basque roots and heritage of Ignatius. It also represents a consecrated host. It bears the letters IHS, the first three letters of the Holy Name of Jesus in Greek, and an adaptation of the emblem of the Society of Jesus. Both scalloped and unscalloped versions of the seal are extant. Since scallops are not formally a part of a seal's design in traditional heraldry, they are merely a decorative element applied for aesthetic or nostalgic purposes.

The seal’s colors are blue, white, red, and gold. In traditional heraldry, white or silver (Argent) represents a commitment to peace and truth. Blue (Azure) represents fortitude and loyalty. Red (Gules) represents martyrdom, sacrifice, and strength. Gold (Or) represents nobility and generosity. [ [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jkmacmul//heraldry/colors.html Basic Heraldry ] ]

White and blue are also Ateneo’s school colors, the colors of Mary. Red and gold are the colors of Spain, home of Ignatius and the Ateneo’s Jesuit founders. Finally, these four tinctures mirror the tinctures of the Philippine flag, marking the Ateneo’s identity as a Filipino University.

Marian devotion

Ateneans value symbols of devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, "Maria Purissima", Queen of the Ateneo. Among them are the rosary in the pocket, the "October Medal" (the Miraculous Medal of the Immaculate Conception with a blue ribbon), and the graduation hymn, "A Song for Mary.""A Song for Mary"

Before the Ateneo de Manila moved to Loyola Heights, the school anthem was "Hail Ateneo, Hail," a marching tune. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=491 Song for Mary] ]

When the Ateneo moved from Padre Faura to Loyola Heights in the 1950s, the school adopted "A Song for Mary" as its graduation hymn. Fr. James Reuter wrote the lyrics, and Ateneo band moderator Colonel Jose Campaña adapted the melody from Calixa Lavallée's patriotic hymn "O Canada," composed in 1880, which eventually became Canada's national anthem in 1980. [ [http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/anthem_e.cfm National Anthem: O Canada ] ]

Over the decades, the graduation hymn eventually supplanted "Hail Ateneo, Hail" and is now widely considered the Ateneo de Manila's alma mater song.

Colors: blue and white

The Ateneo has adopted blue and white, the colors of its patron Mary, as its official school colors. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=487 Blue and White] ] Marian blue is traditionally ultramarine, a deep ocean blue tincture derived from lapis lazuli, which historically has been used to color the vestments of Mary in paintings. [ [http://aic.stanford.edu/jaic/articles/jaic30-02-001.html JAIC 1991, Volume 30, Number 2, Article 1 (pp. 115 to 124) ] ] [ [http://www.libsci.sc.edu/BOB/class/clis710/StudentWebGuides/virgin_mary_in_medieval_manuscri.htm The Virgin Mary in Medieval Manuscripts ] ] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultramarine] But since Mary is honored as Stella Maris (Star of the Sea) and Queen of Heaven, various shades of blue, such as royal blue and sky blue are acceptable shades of Marian blue as well.

Athletics

The Ateneo de Manila University is currently a member of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, where it fields teams in all events. It was originally a founding member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the 1920s. The Ateneo left the NCAA in 1978 due to the league-wide violence prevalent at the time, and then joined the UAAP in the same year.

Aside from the UAAP, the Ateneo also participates in the Father Martin Cup, the Home and Away tournament, and the Shakey's V-League. Different university units also field teams in leagues such as RIFA (football), PAYA and PRADA (basketball), the Inter-MBA Friendship Games, various inter-university golf tournaments, and so on. The Ateneo also fields teams to the Jesuit Athletic Meet, an athletic meet of the different Jesuit schools in the Philippines.

Mascot: The Blue Eagle

Prior to the 1930s, Ateneo had no mascot. Meanwhile, Catholic Schools in the United States, particularly those named after saints, were distressed by the cheekiness with which they were mentioned in newspapers' sports pages. Headlines read "St. Michael’s Wallops St. Augustine’s", or "St. Thomas' Scalps St. Peter’s". It was then agreed that each school adopt a mascot, a symbol for the team which sportswriters could toss about with impunity. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=489 About the Blue Eagle] ]

The idea quickly caught on in the Philippines. By the 1930s, the Ateneo adopted Blue Eagle as a symbol, and had a live eagle accompany the basketball team.

The choice of the color blue is clearly based on the Ateneo's colors. The choice of an eagle is a reference to the "high-flying" basketball team which would "sweep the fields away" as a dominating force. Furthermore, there was some mythological— even political—significance to the choice of the eagle as a symbol of power.

In "On Wings of Blue", a booklet of Ateneo traditions, songs, and cheers published in the 1930s and reprinted in the 1950s, Lamberto V. Avellana explains the significance of the Blue Eagle in the context of Ateneo tradition:

"The Eagle — fiery, majestic, whose kingdom is the virgin sky, is swift in pursuit, terrible in battle. He is a king - a fighting king... And thus he was chosen—to soar with scholar’s thought and word high into the regions of truth and excellence, to flap his glorious wings and cast his ominous shadow below, even as the student crusader would instill fear in those who would battle against the Cross. And so he was chosen — to fly with the fleet limbs of the cinder pacer, to swoop down with the Blue gladiator into the arena of sporting combat and with him to fight — and keep on fighting till brilliant victory, or honorable defeat. And so he was chosen — to perch on the Shield of Loyola, to be the symbol of all things honorable, even as the Great Eagle is perched on the American escutcheon, to be the guardian of liberty. And so he was chosen—and he lives, not only in body to soar over his campus aerie, but in spirit, in the Ateneo Spirit... For he flies high, and he is a fighter, and he is King!" [Lamberto V. Avellana. "On Wings of Blue".]

The eagle also appears in the standards of many organizations, schools, and nations as a "guardian of freedom and truth." Dante in his Divine Comedy uses the Eagle as a symbol of the Roman Empire, which used the bird as part of its standard. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquila_%28Roman%29] The ancient Romans considered the eagle sacred to Jupiter himself. The eagle is often seen as the bird of God, the only bird that can fly above the clouds and stare directly at the sun. [Edith Hamilton. "Mythology."] ["Bulfinch's Mythology"] This is also why it represents St. John the Evangelist, in honor of the "soaring spirit and penetrating vision of his gospel." [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08492a.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. John the Evangelist ] ]

The national bird of the Philippines is, incidentally, an eagle.

Cheering tradition

The Ateneo de Manila was rather successful in athletics even before the NCAA began. To help cheer the Ateneo squad on, the Jesuits decided that the Ateneo ought to have some sort of organization in its cheering. The Ateneo then introduced organized cheering to the country by fielding the first-ever cheering squad in the Philippines, which is now known as the Blue Babble Battalion. [http://www.ateneo.edu/index.php?p=490 About the Ateneo's Songs and Cheers] ]

The Ateneo claims that its brand of cheering is both unique and rooted in classical antiquity. In the 1959 Ateneo Aegis (the college yearbook), alumnus Art Borjal explained:

The words of some of the cheers seem incomprehensible or derived from an exotic language. Loud, rapid yells of "fabilioh" and "halikinu" are used intimidate and confuse the enemy gallery. Meanwhile, fighting songs help inspire the team to "roll up a victory".

Notable people

References

Further reading

External links

* [http://www.ateneo.edu/ Ateneo de Manila University] Official University Website
* [http://ls.ateneo.edu/ Ateneo de Manila University] Official Website of the Loyola Schools
* [http://rizal.lib.admu.edu.ph/ Rizal Library]
* [http://emc.hs.admu.edu.ph/dblog/ EMC Online 2.0] Ateneo de Manila HS Educational Media Center
* [http://www.ateneogleeclub.org/ The Ateneo de Manila College Glee Club] Official University Choir of the Ateneo de Manila University, Oldest University Choir in the Philippines
* [http://www.theguidon.com/ The Guidon] Official college newspaper and news organization
* [http://www.heights-ateneo.org/ Heights] Official Student Literary Organization and Publication of Ateneo de Manila University
* [http://www.matanglawin.org/ Matanglawin] Official Filipino Publication of Ateneo de Manila University
* [http://www.compsat.org/ The Computer Society of the Ateneo]
* [http://www.animoateneo.com/ AnimoAteneo.Com] Online portal and community (not officially affiliated with the university)
* [http://www.atenista.net/ Atenista.Net] Online portal and community (not officially affiliated with the university)
* [http://www.fabilioh.com/ Fabiloh.com: Ateneo Sports Photographers Gallery] (not affiliated with the University)
* [http://www.ateneoalumniassociation.org/ Ateneo Alumni Association]
* [http://www.alumni.net/Asia/Philippines/Metro_Manila/Quezon_City/Ateneo_de_Manila_University/ Alumni & Map]
* [http://www.atenean.org/ Atenean.org] Korean Alumni Association of the Ateneo de Manila University


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