Dazaifu, Fukuoka

Dazaifu, Fukuoka
—  City  —

Location of Dazaifu in Fukuoka
Dazaifu is located in Japan
Coordinates: 33°31′N 130°31′E / 33.517°N 130.517°E / 33.517; 130.517Coordinates: 33°31′N 130°31′E / 33.517°N 130.517°E / 33.517; 130.517
Country Japan
Region Kyūshū
Prefecture Fukuoka
 - Mayor Yoshirō Satō
 - Total 29.58 km2 (11.4 sq mi)
Population (May 31, 2011)
 - Total 70,587
 - Density 2,386.31/km2 (6,180.5/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols
- Tree Kusunoki
- Flower Ume blossom
Phone number 092-921-2121
Address 1-1-1 Kanzeon-ji, Dazaifu-shi, Fukuoka-ken
Website www.city.dazaifu.fukuoka.jp

Dazaifu (太宰府市 Dazaifu-shi?) is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.[1] Nearby cities include Ōnojō and Chikushino. Although mostly urban, it does have arable land used for paddy fields and market gardening.

As of May 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 70,587 with 29,355 households and a density of 2,386.31 persons per km². The total area is 29.58 km².

The city was officially founded on April 1, 1982, although it has been important historically for around a thousand years.



Dazaifu was the imperial office governing Kyūshū, corresponding to Tagajō in Tōhoku, was moved from present-day Fukuoka after 663. Dazaifu hosted foreign embassies from China and Korea. Kōrokan, a guesthouse for foreign embassies, was also established. From the Nara period through the Heian period and until the Kamakura period, Dazaifu was one of the military and administrative centers of Japan. In the Heian period, Dazaifu was a place of exile for high-ranking courtiers. Nobles exiled there include Sugawara no Michizane[2] His grave is at Dazaifu Tenman-gū.

Dazaifu was sometimes attacked by rebels. At other times the head of Dazaifu himself raised a rebellion.[chronology citation needed]

With the invasions of the Mongols and the decline of imperial authority, Dazaifu became less politically significant. In the Muromachi period the political center of Kyūshū was moved to Hakata.

In medieval times, Dazaifu was the base of the Shōni clan.[1] The Shōni were later expelled by the Ōuchi clan.

In the Edo period, Dazaifu was a part of the Kuroda han until its abolition in 1873.


The Kyushu National Museum opened on October 16, 2005. A wood and glass building in a hilly landscape, it hosts collections of Japanese artifacts related to the history of Kyūshū.

Kōmyōzen-ji is a Zen temple famous for its stone garden. It was built during the Kamakura period just next to Dazaifu Tenman-gū. All three are within walking distance of Nishitetsu Dazaifu Station. Another temple, Kanzeon-ji, was built in the 8th century. It was once the chief Buddhist temple on Kyūshū[3] and houses a number of historical, artistic, and religious treasures.

The ruins of the medieval Dazaifu Administrative Buildings, also located within walking distance of Dazaifu Station, are today a public park.

Tenman-gū shrine in Dazaifu.

There is small museum about Sugawara no Michizane who died here in exile in Kyushu in 903.[1]


There are several universities in the city:

Area primary and secondary schools are administered by the Dazaifu Board of Education.

  • Dazaifu Minami Elementary School
  • Dazaifu Higashi Elementary School
  • Dazaifu Nishi Elementary School
  • Dazaifu Elementary School
  • Mizuki Nishi Elementary School
  • Mizuki Elementary School
  • Kokubu Elementary School
  • Gakugyouin Junior High School
  • Dazaifu Higashi Junior High School
  • Dazaifu Nishi Junior High School
  • Dazaifu Junior High School
  • Dazaifu Senior High School
Stone garden at Kōmyōzen-ji

See also


  1. ^ a b c Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Dazaifu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 150 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Sugawara no Michizane" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 908 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Kanzeon-ji, explanatory plaques on site.


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dazaifu (Fukuoka) — Dazaifu shi 太宰府市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu (Fukuoka) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda 大宰府 Dazaifu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dazaifu Station — 太宰府駅 Location Prefecture Fukuoka (See other stations in Fukuoka) …   Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu Tenman-gū — 太宰府天満宮 The honden, or main shrine Information Type …   Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu — may refer to: Dazaifu, Fukuoka, a town in northern Kyūshū Dazaifu (term), a Japanese term derived from the Taihō code administrative innovations of the 8th century Dazaifu (region), the administrative region in Kyūshū, established by the 8th… …   Wikipedia

  • Fukuoka — shi 福岡市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu (term) — Dazaifu (太宰府?) is a Japanese term derived from the Taihō Codes administrative innovations of the 8th century. Dazaifu was a regional government established by the Taihō Codes for the administration of a special area comprising the provinces of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu — steht für: Dazaifu (Fukuoka), eine japanische Stadt. Dazaifu (Amt), die militärische Sonderverwaltungszone der Nara und Heian Zeit. Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fukuoka Junior College for Kindergarten Teachers — (福岡こども短期大学, Fukuoka Kodomo Tanki Daigaku?) is a private junior college in Dazaifu, Fukuoka, Japan, established in 1975. The present name of the school was adopted in 2008. External links Off …   Wikipedia

  • Dazaifu-ten-man-gū — Das Haupttor des Dazaifu Tenman gū Eine Ochsenstatue, die an die Legende des Begräbnisses erinnern soll …   Deutsch Wikipedia