- 2002 Arab League summit
The Beirut Summit (also known as the Arab Summit Conference) was a meeting of the
Arab Leaguein Beirut, Lebanonin March 2002to discuss the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The meeting became especially noteworthy for the adoption, by the Arab states attending, of a proposal offering a comprehensive peace between the Arab countries and Israel, called the Arab Peace Initiative.
Arab Peace Initiative
The Arab Peace Initiative [ [http://www.al-bab.com/arab/docs/league/peace02.htm Al-Bab Peace Arab Peace Initiative Article] ] was floated by then acting Saudi regent Crown Prince Abdullah as a potential solution to both the
Israeli-Palestinian conflictand the Arab-Israeli conflict. It was published on March 28, 2002, during the meeting of the Arab Leagueat the Beirut Summit, and achieved the unanimous consent of all members of the Arab League.
Considered a progressive proposal , it calls for the state of
Israelto withdraw its forces from all the Occupied Territories, including the Golan Heights, to recognize "an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalemas its capital" in the West Bankand Gaza Strip, as well as a "just solution" for the Palestinian refugees. In exchange the Arab states affirmed that they would recognize the state of Israel, consider the Arab-Israeli conflict over and establish "normal relations" with Israel.
The initiative is based upon:
*The principle of
Land for peace
*The conviction of the Arab countries that a military solution to the conflict will not achieve peace or provide security for the parties
The proposal, from
Saudi Arabia, offered Israel recognition by the Arab countries, including into peace agreements and normalisation of relations if Israel would:
* withdraw from all territories occupied by Israel since the
1967 Arab-Israeli war,
* provide a just solution to the
Palestinian refugee problem, and
* recognize the establishment of a sovereign and independent
Palestinian statein the West Bankand Gaza Strip
The goals of the initiative are:
*Full Israeli withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967
United Nations Security Councilresolutions 242 and 338.
*The establishment of an independent Palestinian state, with
East Jerusalemas its capital
*A just solution to the Palestinian Refugee problem, to be agreed upon in accordance with section 11 of
UN General Assembly Resolution 194.
*The normalization of relations in the context of a comprehensive peace
Jordan's foreign minister said:The Arab initiative put forth at the Beirut Summit in March offers comprehensive peace in the region based on the internationally recognized formulation of "land for peace" - a return to June 4, 1967, borders in exchange for normal relations and a collective peace treaty.
In response, Israeli Foreign Minister
Shimon Pereswelcomed it and said: "... the details of every peace plan must be discussed directly between Israel and the Palestinians, and to make this possible, the Palestinian Authoritymust put an end to terror, the horrifying expression of which we witnessed just last night in Netanya," [ [http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/About+the+Ministry/MFA+Spokesman/2002/Response+of+FM+Peres+to+the+decisions+of+the+Arab.htm MFA of Israeli government, 2002 article] ] referring to Netanya suicide attackperpetrated on previous evening which the Beirut Summit has failed to address. Many in the Israel camp argue that this proposal carries a lot less weight coming after the Palestinian Authorityrejected Ehud Barak's offer at Camp David.
The somewhat obscure 4th section was inserted at Lebanese insistence and reflects its concern that the settlement of the refugee problem not be at what it considers the expense of
Lebanonand its "demographic balance." Lebanonand Syriacampaigned for the inclusion of a reference to United Nations Resolution 194, which emphasizes the Palestinian right of returnto Israel. A compromise was eventually reached, citing the resolution but stating that the League would support any agreement between Israel and Palestinians on the issue.
Arab-Israeli peace diplomacy and treaties
Paris Peace Conference, 1919
*Faisal-Weizmann Agreement (1919)
1949 Armistice Agreements
Camp David Accords (1978)
*Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty (1979)
Madrid Conference of 1991
*Oslo Accords (1993)
*Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (1994)
Camp David 2000 Summit
Peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Projects working for peace among Israelis and Arabs
List of Middle East peace proposals
International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict
* [http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/AllDocsByUNID/5a7229b652beb9c5c1256b8a0054b62e Text of Arab peace initiative adopted at Beirut summit]
* [http://www.israel-mfa.gov.il/MFA/Peace+Process/Guide+to+the+Peace+Process/Beirut+Declaration+on+Saudi+Peace+Initiative+-+28-.htm Beirut Declaration on Saudi Peace Initiative]
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