Ploieşti


Ploieşti

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
map_caption = Location of Ploieşti
|official_name=Ploieşti





image_shield = coa_ploiesti_ro.gif
subdivision_type1=County
subdivision_name1 =Prahova County
subdivision_type2=Status
subdivision_name2 =Autolink|County seat
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name =Andrei Volosevici|leader_party =Democratic Liberal Party
area_total_km2 =58.2
population_as_of =2002
population_total =232527
population_blank1=250541|population_blank1_title=Jan. 1, 2006|population_footnotes= [National Institute of Statistics, [http://www.insse.ro/Anuar%202005/CHAPTERS/cp2.pdf Population of counties, municipalities and towns] , Jan. 1, 2006 (est.)]
population_density_km2 =3990|latd=44|latm=56|lats=24|latNS=N|longd=26|longm=1|longs=48|longEW=E|
population_metro = 327,923
website =http://www.ploiesti.ro/

Ploieşti (pronounced|ploˈjeʃtʲ, older spelling: "Ploeşti") is the county seat of Prahova County and lies in the historical region of Wallachia, Romania. The city is located convert|56|km|mi|abbr=on north of Bucharest. In 2002, it had a population of 232,527, making it the ninth-largest city in Romania.

History

The town was established in 1596, during the reign of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave). It rapidly flourished as a center for trade and handicraft manufacturing in the 17th and 18th centuries. The road connecting Ploieşti to Braşov was opened in 1864, and the railway arrived in 1882. Many schools and hospitals were built around this time.

In the mid-19th century, the Ploieşti region was one of the world's leading oil extraction and refinery sites. The city is also remembered as the site of the self-styled Republic of Ploieşti, a short-lived 1870 revolt against the Romanian monarchy.

Between the two World Wars, local industry was boosted by petroleum processing in particular. Major oil companies, most of them foreign, started operations in the city. In 1939, the 12 refineries of Ploieşti provided 80% of the total petroleum processed in Romania.Fact|date=July 2008

Although badly damaged after the November 1940 earthquake, the city became the main source of oil for Nazi Germany's war effort during World War II, when Romania was Germany's ally. Thanks to its relative remoteness from airfields, Ploieşti was spared Allied attack until 03 August, 1943, when the United States Army Air Forces mounted Operation Tidal Wave from Benghazi, North Africa, bombing the refineries in a massive low altitude strike by 178 B-24 Liberator bombers. Although the raid inflicted heavy damage on the ground, much of the damage was soon fixed. In April 1944, the Allies launched decisive attacks from captured airbases in Italy. The most-bombed city in World War II, Ploieşti, Romania, was finally captured by Soviet troops in August 1944.

Following the war, the new Communist regime nationalised the oil industry, which had largely been privately owned, and made massive investments in the oil and petroleum industry in a bid to modernise the country and repair the war damage.

Demographics

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ister cities

*flagicon|Albania Berat
*flagicon|Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk
*flagicon|China Harbin
*flagicon|Moldova Hînceşti
*flagicon|Greece Lefkada
*flagicon|Venezuela Maracaibo
*flagicon|Kazakhstan Oral
*flagicon|Croatia Osijek
*flagicon|Poland Radom
*flagicon|United States Tulsa

Natives

* Octavian Belu, gymnastics coach
* Paul Constantinescu, composer
* Mircea Coşea, politician
* Alexandru Dobrogeanu-Gherea, communist militant
* Leonard Doroftei, boxer
* Ştefan Gheorghiu, socialist militant
* Florina Herea, freestyle swimmer
* Take Ionescu, politician, Prime Minister of Romania
* Liviu Librescu, academic
* Corneliu Mănescu, diplomat
* Nicoleta Onel, gymnast
* Remus Opriş, politician
* Cristian Pârvulescu, political analyst
* Ion N. Petrovici, neurologist
* Valeriu Răchită, soccer player
* Nicolae Simache, academic
* Nichita Stănescu, poet
* Corina Ungureanu, gymnast
* Toma T. Socolescu, architect
* Tamara Costache, swimmer

External links

* [http://www.ploiesti.ro/en_index.php Municipality of Ploieşti, official site]
* [http://www.ploiesti-online.ro/ Interactive map of Ploiesti]
* [http://public-transport.net/bim/Ploiesti.htm Tramway in Ploieşti]

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ploiesti — v. de Roumanie, au N. de Bucarest; 252 073 hab.; ch. l. du distr. de Prahova. Centre de l industr. du pétrole, dans une zone pétrolifère exploitée depuis le XIXe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ploieşti —   [plo i̯eʃtj], Hauptstadt des Kreises Prahova, in Südrumänien, 150 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Vorland der Südkarpaten, inmitten eines Erdölgebiets, 252 200 Einwohner; Universität, Erdöl , Kunstmuseum, Uhrensammlung, Theater; ältestes und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ploiesti — Plo·ieş·ti or Plo·eş·ti (plô yĕshtʹ, yĕshʹtē) A city of southeast central Romania north of Bucharest. Founded in 1596, it is the center of a major oil producing region. Population: 254,304. * * * ▪ Romania also spelled  Ploeşti        city,… …   Universalium

  • Ploieşti — Plo·ieş·ti or Plo·eş·ti (plô yĕshtʹ, yĕshʹtē) A city of southeast central Romania north of Bucharest. Founded in 1596, it is the center of a major oil producing region. Population: 254,304. * * * ▪ Romania also spelled  Ploeşti        city,… …   Universalium


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