Barbaro

Barbaro

Thoroughbred racehorse infobox
horsename= Barbaro

"'


caption= Barbaro (middle) walking to the track at the Fair Hill Training Center a week after winning the Kentucky Derby
sire= Dynaformer
grandsire = Roberto
dam= La Ville Rouge
damsire= Carson City
sex= Colt
foaled= April 29, 2003
death= January 29, 2007
country= United States flagicon|USA
colour= Bay
breeder= Lael Stables
owner= Roy and Gretchen Jackson
trainer= Michael R. Matz
record= 7:6-0-0
earnings= $2,302,200
race= Laurel Futurity (2005)
Tropical Park Derby (2006)
Holy Bull Stakes (2006)
Florida Derby (2006)

American Classic Race wins:
Kentucky Derby (2006)
awards= NTRA "Moment of the Year" (2006)
honours= Barbaro Stakes at Pimlico Race Course
Barbaro Stakes at Delaware Park

Barbaro (April 29 2003January 29 2007) was an American thoroughbred that decisively won the 2006 Kentucky Derby, but shattered his leg two weeks later in the 2006 Preakness Stakes ending his racing career and eventually leading to his death.

On May 20, 2006, Barbaro ran in the Preakness Stakes as a heavy favorite, but, after he false-started, he fractured three bones in and around the ankle of his right hind leg. The injury ruined any chance of a Triple Crown in 2006 and ended his racing career. The next day, he underwent surgery at the New Bolton Center at the University of Pennsylvania for his injuries. In July he developed laminitis in his left rear leg. He had an additional five surgeries, and his prognosis varied as he remained for an extraordinarily long period of time in the equine Intensive Care Unit. While his right leg eventually healed, a final risky surgery on it proved futile because the colt soon developed further laminitis in both front legs. His veterinarians and owners then concluded that he could not be saved, and Barbaro was euthanized on January 29 2007. [Smiley, Jane (2007), [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/29/AR2007012901004.html "Barbaro, The Heart in the Winner's Circle: Time Line"] , The Washington Post, 30 Jan, 2007.]

He is a third-generation descendant of Mr. Prospector, and as such Barbaro is related to many recent Triple Crown hopefuls including Big Brown, Eight Belles, Afleet Alex, Smarty Jones, Funny Cide and Fusaichi Pegasus.

2006 Kentucky Derby

Going into the Kentucky Derby, Barbaro was undefeated. He was sent off as the second choice of the betting public, at odds of 6:1, in a full field of twenty horses. Barbaro charged ahead during the last turn and straightaway of the race to win by six and a half lengths. Barbaro's lead in the final furlong expanded, although jockey Edgar Prado did not use the whip and ask for his top speed. This margin of victory at the Kentucky Derby was the largest since 1946, when Triple Crown winner Assault took the "Run for the Roses" by eight lengths. Barbaro's win made him only the sixth undefeated horse to win the Kentucky Derby. [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/horse/triplecrown06/news/story?id=2435981 "Barbaro makes Derby his sixth victory in six starts"] . ESPN, May 7 2006.] During the gallop-out after the wire, Barbaro's lead extended to 20 lengths, which is rare during post-race gallop-outs. Barbaro also had not competed for 5 weeks prior to the race, which was the longest layoff in 50 years for a Derby winner.

=2006 Preakness Stakes and injury=

Barbaro's Preakness Stakes began with a false start when he broke from the starting gate prematurely. Barbaro had used only his nose to disengage the magnetically locked gate bars, and was led back around the gates to be reloaded. Barbaro was deemed fit upon being reloaded into the gate. [Maryland's Chief Veterinarian, David G. Zipf, personally attested to Barbaro's fitness] As the restarted race began, Barbaro broke cleanly, but would soon suffer the catastophic injury as the horses passed by the grandstand shortly after the start.

Many theories as to the cause of the accident have been offered, though none have been confirmed. Barbaro broke his right hind leg in more than 20 places: [Bob Costas on the television special "Barbaro: A Nation's Horse" states that there were more than 20 breaks] a broken cannon bone above the ankle, a broken sesamoid bone behind the ankle and a broken long pastern bone below the ankle. The fetlock joint was dislocated, and his foot was left dangling loosely. Veteran jockey Edgar Prado immediately pulled Barbaro up, and brought him to a gentle stop. He dismounted and leaned his shoulder into the horse's shoulder to support Barbaro until track attendants could arrive. Bernardini went on to win the race.

Injury aftermath

Barbaro's injuries were life-threatening, partially because a thoroughbred's breeding optimizes its anatomy for speed rather than durability. Unlike other mammals, such as dogs, a horse cannot survive in humane circumstances on three legs. A single broken leg in a horse can lead to complications as the other legs attempt to bear the weight of the horse's body. [ [http://www.slate.com/id/2142159 "Explainer: Why a Broken Leg Is Bad News for a Horse"] "Slate", May 22 2006]

Initial surgery

Barbaro was taken to the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania for treatment. The center is renowned for its specialized care, especially for animals needing complicated bone surgery. Dr. Dean Richardson was assigned as Barbaro's primary veterinarian.

The day after the race, Richardson performed a fusion of the fetlock and pastern joints to stabilize it and make it strong enough for Barbaro to walk on. It was a five hour procedure and was one of the toughest surgeries he had ever performed. The surgical team successfully implanted a Synthes stainless steel Locking Compression Plate and 27 screws into the colt's injured leg to span the comminuted fracture and joints. They used the LCP because its screws thread into the plate to provide maximum strength. Richardson is one of the first equine surgeons to implement this new technology, originally designed for humans. A fiberglass cast was placed over this to further protect the construct. Barbaro then went in the recovery pool at 7:40 pm. [http://msn.foxsports.com/horseracing/story/5626796 "Derby winner Barbaro undergoes surgery"] . AP, May 22, 2006.] [cite web|url=http://www.timwoolleyracing.com/news/|title=Tim Woolley Horseracing News|accessmonthday=May 22|accessyear=2006]

After about an hour in the pool, at around 9:00 p.m. EDT, Barbaro began to calmly awake from the anesthesia, stood and practically jogged to his stall. He then ate and was comfortably putting weight on the injured leg. The blood supply to the injury site was very good, but Richardson still gave Barbaro a 50-50 chance of survival. [ [http://tcm.bloodhorse.com/viewstory.asp?id=33671 "After Successful Surgery, Barbaro's Chances Remain 'Coin Toss'"] . The Blood-Horse, May 23, 2006.] [ [http://www.firstcoastnews.com/sports/news-article.aspx?storyid=58016 "Barbaro surgery successful, Derby winner begins road to recovery"] . AP, May 22, 2006.] The next morning Barbaro was already showing interest in some of the mares at the facility. He was walking well on his limb, walking around the stall, he was quite active for his condition; in short, his first week of recovery went well. The cast was replaced on June 13, and again on July 3.

Complications

In the first week of July, complications arose, and Barbaro had problems with both hind legs. He developed an abscess on his uninjured left foot, which was treated topically, but he carried a fever through the weekend and failed to put weight on his injured right foot for any significant length of time.

By July 13, Barbaro had developed a severe case of laminitis in the left hind hoof, a potentially life-threatening affliction that is common in horses who shift weight to one foot for extended periods of time to keep pressure off an injured foot (in Barbaro's case, the right ankle he broke in the Preakness). A procedure called a hoof wall resection removed 80% of Barbaro's left rear hoof. The remaining 20% of his hoof wall was still attached to the coffin bone and was still living tissue, but it was unclear how much of it would ever grow back. Both rear legs were in casts. Richardson stated that his plans were to restrict himself to aggressive but standard treatments and that he would use no experimental procedures. [cite web|url=http://www.breitbart.com/news/2006/07/13/D8IR84907.html|title=Barbaro May Die Due to Foot Inflamation] [ [http://www.horsetalk.co.nz/news/0607/063.shtml Vets lose confidence in Barbaro's recovery; laminitis hits] July 13] [ [http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/R/RAC_BARBARO?SITE=TXMID&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT "Doctors Say Barbaro's Life Is at Risk Due to an Inflammation in His Left Hind Foot"] Associated Press, July 14, 2006.] [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2006/more/07/14/barbaro.better.ap/index.html Barbaro doing 'much better'] July 14, 2006] Barbaro was given a special support boot for his laminitic hoof and placed on painkillers; a support sling was brought into his stall to allow him to take the weight off his hooves for hours at a time.

low recovery

On August 8, Barbaro's broken right leg had fused to the point where they would have replaced the cast with a brace if his left leg were sound. The coronary band on his left leg (the place from which the hoof grows) appeared healthy and all signs were encouraging. [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/horse/news/story?id=2536511 Veterinarian: Barbaro's right hind leg healing well] August 1, 2006] On the 15th it was reported that Barbaro had been allowed to graze outside for the first time since his accident. [ [http://horseracing.sportsline.com/cbs/headlines/showarticle.aspx?articleId=12153 Barbaro goes out to graze] August 15, 2006] Two days later, Barbaro was no longer using the sling to support his weight, and so its use was discontinued. [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/horse/news/story?id=2552969 Barbaro no longer needs support sling] August 17, 2006] The next day, August 18, radiographs showed that his fractured right leg was almost completely fused. [cite web|url=http://www.vet.upenn.edu/newsandevents/news/Barbaro_Update8-28.htm|title=Barbaro has cast change|accessdate=2007-02-11|date=2006-08-28|author=Penn Veterinary Medicine]

By September 26, it was decided that Barbaro's cast would not be replaced as long as he was comfortable in it. His left hind hoof had regrown about 18 millimeters and the support shoe had been replaced with a bandage. The hoof would have to grow to at least three times that length and that that could take more than six months.

On October 10, Barbaro's cast and protective shoe were changed. His left rear hoof was gradually improving from laminitis. There was good growth along the quarters (closer to the heel) but there would need to be much more healing along the front of the hoof, which would require many months. [ [http://msn.foxsports.com/horseracing/story/6047292?FSO1&ATT=HCP&GT1=8705 Barbaro's condition gradually improving] Associated Press, October 10, 2006]

Barbaro reached another milestone on November 6, 2006 when his cast was removed for good and replaced with a splinted bandage. [ [http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/horseracing/bal-sp.digesttop07nov07,0,7371513.story?coll=bal-sports-horse After cast removed, Barbaro uses 'all of his legs quite well'] "The Baltimore Sun", November 7, 2006] Barbaro's laminitic showed no new problems, but several months of growth would have been necessary before it could be further diagnosed. About December 12, Barbaro's bandage on his right hind leg was removed completely. This was announced during a press conference on Wednesday, December 13.

New complications and death

Early in January 2007, the laminitic left hoof became the source of more complications. On January 10, another section of the hoof had been surgically removed. [ [http://www.vet.upenn.edu/newsandevents/news/Barbaro_Update1-10.htm Barbaro suffers setback] January 10, 2007] Updates over the next few days revealed that the cast had been reapplied to Barbaro's right hind leg for support, and that aggressive pain management and the support sling had been resumed. Nevertheless, Barbaro's condition was better than it had been the previous July.

In another setback, Barbaro developed a deep abscess in his right hind foot. This is generally caused by lack of grip exercise. Additional surgery was performed on January 27 to insert two steel pins into the healed bones of Barbaro's right foot as part of an external skeletal fixation device. This would allow the right foot to bear more weight, but the procedure was risky, with the major danger being that the bones might break again. [ [http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070128/ap_on_sp_ot/rac_barbaro Barbaro has another significant setback] January 28] [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/more/01/28/bc.rac.barbaro.ap/index.html Latest surgery on right hind leg marks new setback] SI.com, January 29 2007] Later that same weekend, Barbaro's front legs, which had remained healthy throughout the ordeal, displayed clear signs of laminitis; Barbaro could not then comfortably put his weight on any of his legs. The laminitis that attacked his front legs developed as a result of not being able to bear weight on his hind legs.

Barbaro was euthanized on January 29 2007 around 10:30 A.M. EST by decision of his owners Roy and Gretchen Jackson, who indicated that they felt that his pain was no longer manageable. [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/horse/news/story?id=2747087 Barbaro euthanized Monday morning] January 29, 2007]

For his efforts to save Barbaro, the Turf Publicists of America voted Richardson their 2006 Big Sport of Turfdom Award.

Memorial

Barbaro was cremated shortly after he was euthanized. On January 29, 2008 it was announced that his remains would be interred in front of an entrance to Churchill Downs, and that a bronze statue of Barbaro would be placed atop his remains. The Jacksons chose to place his remains outside of both Churchill Downs and the adjacent Kentucky Derby Museum to allow his many admirers to pay their respects without having to pay an admission fee. [cite news|url=http://sports.yahoo.com/rah/news?slug=ap-barbaro-churchilldowns&prov=ap&type=lgns |author=Graves, Will, Associated Press|title=Barbaro’s ashes and bronze statue to be placed at Churchill Downs|publisher=Yahoo! Sports |date=2008-01-29 |accessdate=2008-01-29]

Gulfstream Park established scholarships to the University of Florida with an initial total funding of $30,000 for two fourth-year students in Veterinary Medicine and one graduate student in equine veterinary research. [cite news|url=http://www.ntra.com/content.aspx?type=news&id=23973|author=Welsch, Mike|title=Barbaro inspires scholarship fund|publisher=Daily Racing Form|date=2007-03-10]

Barbaro also inspired a large anonymous donation to the New Bolton Center establishing the Barbaro Fund, to aid the treatment and care of large animals.

In 2006 a Limited Edition Ty Beanie Babies Barbaro Beanie was released. The plushie is 7" tall, 8" long and wearing his No. 8 on pink saddle cloth.

In 2007, Breyer Horse Modeling Company released a Barbaro model that includes a Certificate of Authenticity from his owners, jockey, and main doctor at New Bolton.

Public reaction

A following grew up around Barbaro after his breakdown in the Preakness. He became the object of care and affection from the public in a way only a few animals before him have. His stall at New Bolton was decorated with many thousands of Get Well cards (including a 7 ft by 72 ft card from fans at the Belmont Stakes), flowers and presents sent in by fans. Others sent in items meant to help him recover, such as saint medallions and holy water. His condition was followed by news organizations on a daily basis.

During most of Barbaro's attempted recovery and after his death, there were some statements in the media who felt that Barbaro did not deserve the amount of attention that he was receiving from his supporters and the media. Others had previously suggested that, aside from the economic incentives, Barbaro had demonstrated a disposition that might enable him to survive and hopefully become a stud. [ [http://www.courant.com/sports/bal-te.medical21may21,0,6592683.story "Poise on the track may save horse's life"] "The Baltimore Sun", May 21, 2006] Time magazine commented that despite the difficulties, Barbaro's fight was inspiring and that the hope for a near-miracle was not worthless. [cite web|url=http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1583250,00.html|title=Barbaro: Was It All Worth It?|author=Time Magazine|authorlink=Time Magazine|date=2007-01-29|accessdate=2007-02-11]

Books

Several books have been written about Barbaro. In 2007, HarperCollins published ' written by Pamela K.Brodowsky and Tom Philbin. (ISBN 978-0061284854) The year 2008 saw, by Middle Atlantic Press, the publishing of ', written by Linda Hanna. (ISBN 978-09705804-5-0) and also "" written by Edgar Prado, Barbaro's Derby-winning jockey (co-written by John Eisenberg)and published by HarperCollins.(ISBN 978-0-06-146418-8)

Legacy

Barbaro's accident and struggle has led some to call for a review of the practices of tradition-bound thoroughbred horse racing and breeding. Many acknowledge that modern thoroughbreds are more delicate than those of much of the sport's history. Barbaro's injury intensified the debate over the use of artificial track surfaces at racecourses. [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/horse/columns/story?columnist=forde_pat&id=2747259 Barbaro's death: Equine beauty meets harsh reality] Jan. 30, 2007]

The Jacksons have endowed a chair for equine disease research at the University of Pennsylvania's veterinary school. [ [http://www.ntra.com/content.aspx?type=news&id=23392 Jacksons give $3M for research] February 13, 2007]

In honor of Barbaro's valiant fight against his injuries in the 2006 Preakness Stakes, NTRA has established the NTRA Charities, Barbaro Memorial Fund. This fund will focus on Equine Health and Safety -- which will include research to find a cure for laminitis, the disease that ultimately took Barbaro's life.

Connections

Barbaro was owned and bred by Gretchen and Roy Jackson's Lael Stables in West Grove, Pennsylvania.

Barbaro was trained by Michael R. Matz at Fair Hill Training Center. During his racing career he was ridden by Edgar Prado and Jose Caraballo. Neither jockey rode him at any time other than in his races. Peter Brette was his regular exercise rider.

Pedigree

Pedigree
name = Barbaro
f = Dynaformer
dk. b/br. 1985
m = La Ville Rouge
b. 1996
ff = Roberto
b. 1969
fm = Andover Way
dk. b/br. 1978
mf = Carson City
ch. 1987
mm = La Reine Rouge
b. 1978
fff = Hail To Reason
br. 1958
ffm = Bramalea
dk. b/br. 1959
fmf = His Majesty
b. 1968
fmm = On The Trail
b. 1964
mff = Mr. Prospector
b. 1970
mfm = Blushing Promise
b. 1982
mmf = King's Bishop
b. 1969
mmm = Silver Betsy
b. 1971
ffff = Turn-To
fffm = Nothirdchance
ffmf = Nashua
ffmm = Rarelea
fmff = Ribot
fmfm = Flower Bowl
fmmf = Olympia
fmmm = Golden Trail
mfff = Raise a Native
mffm = Gold Digger
mfmf = Blushing Groom
mfmm = Summertime Promise
mmff = Round Table
mmfm = Spearfish
mmmf = Nearctic
mmmm = Silver Abbey|

Racing career

Honors

*Pimlico Racecourse has renamed the Sir Barton Stakes the Barbaro Stakes. The race is a part of the Preakness Stakes Day undercard. The winner of the first Barbaro Stakes on May 19, 2007 was Chelokee, a three year old colt trained by Michael Matz. [ [http://www.pimlico.com/NewsEvents/FeatureStories/Details/Baltimore122006B.htm Barbaro Stakes to Debut at Pimlico in May 2007 After Maryland Jockey Club Renames Sir Barton Stakes] December 20, 2006]

*Delaware Park Racetrack also renamed the Leonard Richards Stakes, a Grade III race for three year olds, the Barbaro Stakes. Its inaugural running took place on Sunday, July 15th, 2007 and was won by Xchanger [ [http://www.ntra.com/content.aspx?type=news&id=26592 Xchanger finds winning formula in Barbaro S. - NTRA ] ] .

*2006 Winner of the Sports Human of the Year Award

ee also

*Mariah's Storm
*""
*Kentucky Derby winners
*Curse of Billy Penn - curse believed to affect the four Philadelphia-area sports teams (Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Eagles, Philadelphia 76ers, and Philadelphia Flyers)

References

External links

* [http://www.ntra.com/stats_bios.aspx?id=17274 Barbaro Statistics and Media] , NTRA
* [http://www.horsehats.com/Barbaro.html Barbaro Information and guestbook] , HorseHats.com
* [http://www.friendofbarbaro.blogspot.com/ Barbaro Fan Blog]
* [http://www.barbaroandnicanor.blogspot.com/ The Source of Barbaro's Name]
* [http://www.ntra.com/ridingwithbarbaro/ Barbaro Memorial Fund - NTRA Charities] Finding a cure for Laminitis
* [http://alexbrownracing.com AlexBrownRacing]


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • bárbaro — adj. 1. Cuja cultura medeia entre a dos civilizados e a dos considerados selvagens. 2. Próprio de quem não é civilizado. 3.  [Figurado] Rude. 4.  [Brasil, Informal] Que revela qualidades positivas (ex.: som bárbaro, roupas bárbaras, conceito… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • bárbaro — bárbaro, ra adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Que pertenece a los pueblos que vencieron al Imperio Romano en el siglo V y se extendieron por Europa: Hice un estudio sobre la invasión bárbara en España. 2. (antepuesto) Que es grosero o… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • barbaro — / barbaro/ [dal lat. barbărus, gr. bárbaros straniero , propr. balbettante (in quanto incapace di farsi capire)]. ■ s.m. (f. a ) 1. (ant., lett.) [che viene da un altro paese] ▶◀ ↓ forestiero, straniero. 2. (estens.) [chi appartiene a una civiltà …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Barbăro — Barbăro, edle Familie zu Venedig. Merkwürdig sind: 1) Francesco, geb. um 1398 zu Venedig, wurde 1438 Statthalter von Brescia, schlug den Angriff des Herzogs von Mailand auf diese Stadt ab u. st. als Procurator von St. Marcus 1454. Er schr.: De re …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Barbaro — Die Barbaro Familie kam aus Rom nach Istrien, siedelte in Triest und erreichte 868 Venedig. 1121 nahm Marco unter Domenico Michiel an einer Seeschlacht teil. Barbaro (oder Barbarigo, Barberigo (das igo Suffix ist typisch venezianisch) wurde der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bárbaro — (Del lat. barbarus < gr. barbaros, extranjero.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo 1 HISTORIA Que pertenece a los pueblos considerados extranjeros por griegos y romanos. 2 HISTORIA De cualquier pueblo de los que invadieron el imperio romano y lo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bárbaro — {{#}}{{LM B04704}}{{〓}} {{SynB04813}} {{[}}bárbaro{{]}}, {{[}}bárbara{{]}} ‹bár·ba·ro, ra› {{《}}▍ adj.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} Que no parece propio de una persona por su crueldad o su fiereza: • Aquella matanza fue algo bárbaro y horrible.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos


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