- Polish Brazilian
Infobox Ethnic group
group=flagicon|Poland Polish Brazilian flagicon|Brazil
"Polaco Brasileiro · Polacy Brazylii"
caption = Notable Polish Brazilians:
Jaime Lerner• Mauricio Waldman• Xuxa
poptime="c." 1,800,000 Polish Brazilians 0.7% of
Brazil's population [ [http://www.wspolnota-polska.org.pl/index.php?id=pwko Polish Society] ]
Brazil:Mainly Southern and Southeastern Brazil
langs=Predominantly Portuguese. Minorities speak Polish
rels=Predominantly Catholic or
White Brazilian, Polish people
A Polish Brazilian is a
Brazilian-born person of Polish descent, or a Polish-born person with Brazilian citizenship. The number of Polish descendants in Brazil is estimated at 1.8 million. [ [http://www.wspolnota-polska.org.pl/index.php?id=pwko Świat Polonii ] ]
Polish immigrants began arriving in
Brazilin the late 19th century, but their numbers really increased in the 1920s. Polish-Brazilians number an estimated 1.8 million people of the Brazilian population. The Brazilian State of Paraná is a dominantly Polish area in Brazil. The Polish immigrants brought native folk musicand dance musicto Brazil such as mazurka and polonaise. In addition to the musical elements of the Polish culture, immigrants also brought customs, manners, and styles of clothing. Polish culture has also had an impact on aspects of the cuisineand architectureof Brazil. Poleslive in Guarapuava, Curitiba, Campo Largo, Contenda, Araucária, Lapa Săo Mateus do Sul, Irati. With the immigrants there was the valorization of jobs on the planted lands and the use of new instruments, like the plow, the grille, the sickle to cut. There was the introducing of new forms of job and professions, like forgeman, carpenter, joinerand tailor. The immigrants work helped a lot on the economic growning up of Paraná and renovated Paraná's social structure.
The first Polish immigrants arrived in the port of
Itajaí, Santa Catarina, in August of 1869. They were 78 Polish of the area of Southern Silesia. Commandant Redlisch, of the ship Victoria, brought people from Eastern Europe to settle Brusque.
They were in total 16 families, among them: Francisco Pollak, Nicolau Wós, Boaventura Pollak, Thomasz Szymanski, Simon Purkot, Felipe Purkot, Miguel Prudlo, Simon Otto, Domin Stempke, Gaspar Gbur, Balcer Gbur, Walentin Weber, Antoni Kania, Franciszek Kania, André Pampuch and Stefan Kachel. The Polish were placed in the colonies Príncipe Dom Pedro and Itajaí, in the area of Brusque. [ [http://www.ui.jor.br/polish5.htm Brazil ] ]
The Polish immigration to Brazil has not been as large as the immigration of Portuguese or Italians. However, a significant number of Poles have settled in Brazil. The first immigrants arrived in
1869. From 1872to 1959, 110,243 "Russian" citizens entered Brazil. In fact, the vast majority of them were Poles, since Poland was under Russian rule and ethnic Poles immigrated with Russian passports. [Uma história oculta: a imigração dos países daEuropa do Centro-Leste para o Brasil [http://www.abep.nepo.unicamp.br/docs/anais/pdf/2000/Todos/Uma%20Hist%C3%B3ria%20Oculta%20a%20Imigra%C3%A7ao%20dos%20Pa%C3%ADses....pdf] ]
The State of Paraná received the majority of Polish immigrants, who settled mainly in the region of
Curitiba, in the towns of Mallet, Cruz Machado, São Matheus do Sul, Irati, and União da Vitória.
Most Polish immigrants to Southern Brazil were Catholics who arrived between 1870–1920 and worked as small farmers in the State of Paraná. Others went to the neighboring states of
Rio Grande do Suland Santa Catarina. After the 1920s, many Polish Jews immigrated seeking refuge from Europe, settling mainly in the State of São Paulo. Today most Brazilian Jews are of Polish descent.
1991poll with Polish immigrants residents in Southeast Brazil, 48.5% reported to be Jewish, 36.4% Catholic, 10.7% adherents of other religions and 4.5% non-religious. [Uma história oculta: a imigração dos países daEuropa do Centro-Leste para o Brasil [http://www.abep.nepo.unicamp.br/docs/anais/pdf/2000/Todos/Uma%20Hist%C3%B3ria%20Oculta%20a%20Imigra%C3%A7ao%20dos%20Pa%C3%ADses....pdf] ]
Polish culture in Brazil
The State of Paraná still remains a strong influence from the
Polish culture. Many small towns have a majority of Polish-descendants and the Polish languageis spoken by some of them, although nowadays most Polish Brazilians only speak Portuguese. The city of Curitibahas the second largest Polish diaspora in the world (after Chicago) and Polish music, dishes and culture are quite common in the region.
After the proclamation of the
Republic, the Brazilian government practically opened the doors of the countryto the immigration. The first years of the Republic, it was the period in that more entered immigrants in Brazil. The Polish appeared in the statistics in significant number. This period was known in Polandas "Brazilian fever". Important Polish communities appeared in several Brazilian states:
*Paraná: Eufrosina, Rio Claro, São Mateus, Santa Bárbara, Prudentópolis, Ivaí, Apucarana (current Cândido de Abreu), Castro, Piraí do Sul, Palmeira, Cruz Machado, and others.
*Santa Catarina: Lucena (current Itaiópolis), Rio Vermelho, Massaranduba, Grã-Pará, Nova Galícia, and others.
Rio Grande do Sul: Alfredo Chaves (current Veranópolis), Antônio Prado, Bento Gonçalves, Dom Feliciano, Mariana Pimentel, Ijuí, Guarani das Missões, Áurea, Gaurama, Jaguari, Erechim, and others.
*São Paulo: São Bernardo, Pariquera-açu, City of São Paulo, and others.
Espírito Santo: Águia Branca, Santa Leopoldina, and others.
Notable Polish Brazilians
Henrique de Curitiba
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Brazilian people — Ethnic group |group=Brazilians( Brasileiros ) poptime= c. 186 million (2007) regions = BRA nbsp|6 184 million [cite web| url=http://oglobo.globo.com/pais/mat/2007/12/21/327716442.asp| title=Censo 2007: somos 183.987.291 brasileiros, mostra IBGE|… … Wikipedia
Polish Argentine — Infobox Ethnic group group = Polish Argentines poptime = 450,000 [http://www.wspolnota polska.org.pl/index.php?id=pwko] popplace = Buenos Aires, Misiones Province, Córdoba Province, Santa Fe Province langs = Predominantly in Spanish, minority… … Wikipedia
Brazilian Portuguese — (Portuguese: português brasileiro or português do Brasil; pt BR) is a group of Portuguese dialects written and spoken by most of the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a few million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States,… … Wikipedia
Brazilian Expeditionary Force — shoulder sleeve insignia (Army component) Active 1943–1945 Country … Wikipedia
Brazilian Federal District — Federal district The city seen from the subway station of Águas Claras … Wikipedia
Polish Journal of Chemistry — Titre abrégé Pol. J. Chem. Discipline Chimie Langue Anglais Polonais … Wikipédia en Français
Brazilian literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the Portuguese language in Brazil. Colonial period Brazil was claimed for Portugal in 1500 and was named for the land s first export product, pau brasil (brazilwood), trade in which… … Universalium
Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) — The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Portuguese: Força Expedicionária Brasileira, or FEB) was the 25,300 man force formed by the Brazilian Navy, Army and Air Force that fought alongside the Allied forces in the Italian Campaign of World War… … Wikipedia
Polish cuisine — Kotlet schabowy served with salads. Various kinds of Polish Kielba … Wikipedia
Mixed-race Brazilian — Brazilian censuses do not use a multiracial category. Instead, the censuses use skin colour categories, with a Pardo (brown) one, that may include people of varied mixed racial ancestry, but probably also accounts for non mixed acculturated… … Wikipedia