Stanley William Hayter


Stanley William Hayter

Stanley William Hayter, CBE (born 27 December 1901, Hackney, London, England; died 4 May 1988, Paris, France) was a British surrealist painter and printmaker. Various sources state him to be a descendant of the 18th Century Hayter portraitists, either of Sir George Hayter [P. M. S. Hacker, "Hayter, Stanley William (1901–1988)", "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/39959 accessed 25 Sept 2007] ] or the latter's younger brother John. [*Innovation in printmaking: Obituary of Mr S W Hayter, "The Times", London, May 7, 1988] He is noted for his innovative work in the development of viscosity printing (a process that exploits varying viscosities of oil-based inks to lay three or more colours on a single intaglio plate). His "Times" obituary described him as having "revolutionized the art of engraving, with his far-reaching experiments in colour and texture".

Hayter graduated in chemistry and geology from King's College London, and worked in Abadan for the Anglo-Persian Oil Company from 1922 to 1925. On his being invalided home to London after a malaria attack, his company arranged a one-man show of his works from his period overseas.

In 1926, Hayter went to Paris, studying at the Académie Julian and learning line engraving techniques, especially copper engraving using the traditional burin, from Joseph Hecht. In 1927 he founded a studio, which in 1933 moved to No 17, Rue Campagne-Première, where it became internationally known as "Atelier 17." Its printmaking techniques influenced such artists as Picasso, Miró, Arp, Tanguy, Giacometti, Ernst, Trevelyan and Peterdi. "Atelier 17" moved to New York on the outbreak of World War II.

During World War II, Hayter collaborated with Roland Penrose, Trevelyan, and others in setting up a camouflage unit, later acting as advisor to the Museum of Modern Art for a show, "Britain at War". For this, he devised an analog computer to duplicate the angle of the sun and shadow lengths for any time, day and latitude. [ [http://www.ateliercontrepoint.com/a172.html Atelier Contrepoint] , biography]

"Atelier 17" returned to Paris in 1950. On Hayter's death in 1988 it was renamed "Atelier Contrepoint."

Hayter continued to develop painting alongside printmaking. His interest in automatism led him to associate with the Surrealists, and in the United States he was an innovator in the Abstract Expressionism movement.

Hayter received an OBE and Légion d'honneur in 1951, and was chosen to represent Great Britain at the 1958 Venice Biennale. He became Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres in 1967, and received a CBE in 1968.

Hayter was married twice: to Edith Fletcher (dissolved 1929), and to the American sculptor Helen Phillips (dissolved 1971).

References

* [http://www.ateliercontrepoint.com/a172.html Atelier Contrepoint] biographyHayter married Desiree Moorhead, Irish poet and writer with whom he lived in Paris and Éire until his death in Paris in 1988.He had three sons: Patrick with his first wife, d. young.Augy and Julian with his second wife. Augy was an actor, writer, translator, d. 2005 in Ardeche. Julian was a composer, gifted musician and photographer. d. Paris, 2007, both in their early 60's.

External links

* [http://www.ateliercontrepoint.com Atelier Contrepoint]
* [http://www.gac.culture.gov.uk/search/Artist.asp?maker_id=119345 Government Art Collection]
* [http://www.redfern-gallery.com/pages/thumbnaillist/33.html Redfern Gallery]
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=1257&page=1&sole=y&collab=y&attr=y&sort=default&tabview=worklist Tate Gallery]
* [http://www.dpartsgallery.com/PBSCCatalog.asp?CatID=279419 The website of the amateur of original print]


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  • Stanley William Hayter — Stanley William Hayter, né le 27 décembre 1901, à Londres, et mort le 4 mai 1988, à Paris, est un peintre non figuratif britannique de la nouvelle école de Paris, dont l œuvre, à partir de 1932, a été essentielle dans le renouveau de la gravure… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanley William Hayter — (* 27. Dezember 1901 in London; † 4. Mai 1988 in Paris) war ein britischer Maler, Radierer und Grafiker. Er gründete das Atelier 17 in Paris. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hayter, Stanley William — ▪ British artist born Dec. 27, 1901, London died May 4, 1988, Paris       English printmaker and painter who founded Atelier 17, the most influential print workshop of the 20th century.       Hayter was trained in geology at King s College,… …   Universalium

  • Stanley Hayter — Stanley William Hayter, né le 27 décembre 1901 à Londres et mort le 4 mai 1988 à Paris, était un peintre non figuratif britannique de la nouvelle École de Paris, dont l œuvre, à partir de 1932, a été essentielle dans le renouveau de la gravure… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hayter — is a surname, and may refer to:* Charles Hayter, English Miniature Painter * David Hayter, American actor * Sir George Hayter, 19th century English painter * George Bazaine Hayter, French General * Harrison Hayter, British Engineer * Henry Heylyn …   Wikipedia

  • Hayter — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Hayter (* 1969), US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Drehbuchautor Sparkle Hayter (* 1958), kanadische Journalistin, Komikerin und Schriftstellerin Stanley William Hayter (1901–1988), britischer Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HAYTER (S. W.) — HAYTER STANLEY WILLIAM (1901 1988) Après des études de chimie et de géologie au King’s College de Londres, Hayter a une activité d’ingénieur des pétroles en Iran. Il arrive à Paris en 1926 et fait une rencontre décisive pour lui, celle du graveur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hayter —   [ heɪtə], Stanley William, englischer Grafiker und Maler, * London 27. 12. 1901, ✝ Paris 4. 5. 1988; eröffnete 1927 in Paris ein Atelier für Druckgrafik (»Atelier 17«), in dem er mit Surrealisten zusammenarbeitete. 1940 emigrierte er in die USA …   Universal-Lexikon

  • William Hawrelak — Infobox Officeholder name =William Hawrelak imagesize =300px office =Mayor of Edmonton term start =November 7, 1951 term end =September 9, 1959 predecessor =Sidney Parsons successor =Frederick John Mitchell term start2 =October 16, 1963 term end2 …   Wikipedia

  • S.W. Hayter — Stanley Hayter Stanley William Hayter, né le 27 décembre 1901 à Londres et mort le 4 mai 1988 à Paris, était un peintre non figuratif britannique de la nouvelle École de Paris, dont l œuvre, à partir de 1932, a été essentielle dans le renouveau… …   Wikipédia en Français


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