"Turners" ( _de. Turner, gymnasts in English) are
German-Americangymnastic clubs. A German gymnastic movement was started by "Turnvater" ("turners' father") Friedrich Ludwig Jahnin the early 19th century when Germany was occupied by Napoleon. The "Turnvereine" ("gymnastic unions") were not only athletic, but also political, reflecting their origin in similar "nationalistic gymnastic" organizations in Europe. After the failed Revolution of 1848, many Turners left Germany, some of whom were politicians and soldiers known as Forty-Eighters. Eventually the German movement was involved in in the process leading to German unification.
History in the USA
The Turnvereine made an important contribution to the integration of German-Americans into their new home. The organizations continue to exist in areas of heavy German immigration, such as
Texas, Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, Kentucky, New York City, and Los Angeles.
Carl Schurz, the American Turners were supportive of the election of Abraham Lincolnas President of the United States of America. They provided the bodyguard at his inauguration 4 March, 1861and at his funeral in April, 1865.
As with other
German-Americangroups, the American Turners suffered discrimination during World War I.
1948the United States Post Officeissued a 3-cent commemorative stampmarking the 100th anniversary of the movement.
The current headquarters of The American Turners is in
German-Americans in the Civil War
* [http://www.americanturners.com/ Website of the American Turners]
* [http://www.americanturners.com/history.htm History of the American Turners By Henry Metzner]
* [http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/TurnerTopic/ American Turner Topics newsletter]
* [http://www.LATurners.com/ Website of the Los Angeles Turners with history, photos, newsletters, and links to other Turners Organizations]
* [http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/Damenverein/ Damenverein (Indianapolis, Ind.) photos]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Turners — Six sworn in 1310 not to make false measures. They dwelt in different parts of the City, two in Wood Street (Cal. L. Bk. D. p.240 and Riley s Mem. p.78). Incorporated 2 James I. Fifty first in order of the Companies … Dictionary of London
turners — turnÂ·er || tÉœrnÉ™(r) / tÉœËn n. person or thing that turns something; one who uses a lathe to shape something … English contemporary dictionary
Turners Falls (Massachusetts) — Turners Falls Lugar designado por el censo de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Turners Cross — Photo de Turner s Cross prise par Hugh Mansfield Généralités Surnom The Cross Adresse Curragh Road, Turners Cross, Cork … Wikipédia en Français
Turners Vineyard Motel — (Orange,Австралия) Категория отеля … Каталог отелей
Turners Northwoods Adventures — (Manitouwadge,Канада) Категория отеля: Адрес: 371 Manitou Road, P0T 2 … Каталог отелей
Turners Cross — may mean:* Turners Cross (stadium), a football (soccer) ground in Cork, Ireland * Turners Cross, Cork, a residential district and parish in Cork, Ireland … Wikipedia
Turners Falls — Turners Falls, MA U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 4441 Housing Units (2000): 2145 Land area (2000): 1.983513 sq. miles (5.137274 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.294630 sq. miles (0.763089 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Turners Falls, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 4441 Housing Units (2000): 2145 Land area (2000): 1.983513 sq. miles (5.137274 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.294630 sq. miles (0.763089 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.278143 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Turners, Missouri — Turners is a small unincorporated community in Greene County, Missouri, United States. It lies about five miles east of Springfield at the intersection of Route D and Route J. At one time it was a passenger stop along the railway. Today it has a… … Wikipedia