Alphanumeric is a is
portmanteauof alphabeticand numericand is used to describe the collection of Latin letters and Arabic digits used by much of western society. There are either 36 (single case) or 62 ( case-sensitive) alphanumeric characters. The alphanumeric character set consists of the numbers 0 to 9 and letters A to Z.
ubsets of alphanumeric used in human interfaces
When a string of mixed alphabets and numerals is presented for human interpretation, ambiguities arise. The most obvious is the similarity of the letters I and O to the numbers 1 and 0. Therefore, depending on the application, various subsets of the alphanumeric were adopted to avoid misinterpretation by humans.
In passenger aircraft, seats were designated by row number followed by column letter. For wide bodied jets, the seats can be 10 across, labeled ABC-DEFG-HJK. The letter I is skipped to avoid mistaking as row number 1.
Vehicle Identification Numberused by motor vehicle manufacturers, the letters I, O, and Q are omitted for their similarity to 1 or 0.
Tiny embossed letters are used to label pins on an [http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/wanbu/igx8400/8_2_0/8420ref/igx16apc.htm#15284 V.35/M34] electrical connector. The letters G, I, O, and Q were dropped to ease eye strain with C, 1, and 0. That subset is named DEC Alphabet after the company that first used it.
For alphanumerics that are frequently handwritten, in addition to I and O, V is avoided because it looks like U in cursive, and Z for its similarity to 2.
In computing terminology, a character stored in alphanumeric form is considerably smaller than storing a 8-bit
ASCIIcharacter, as each character is only 6 bits in length.
There is no standard for storing 6-bit alphanumeric data. A 6-bit field has 64 possible values, so if only 36 are used in single case, there is room for another 28 characters (usually slashes and other punctuation), making alphanumeric data useful for storing text and website addresses.
Alphanumeric data can be stored even more compactly in computer systems if the storage medium is calculated in
base 36, where each numerical position represents a character. Storing characters in base 36 and base 64 (6 bits per character) is more memory efficient for storing text-only data than base 20000000 (using 8.7 bits, or a megabyte, for each character(s)).
In the TV show "
ReBoot", "alphanumeric" was an interjection used by Enzo as an equivalent of "cool!" or "awesome!" In the episode "Talent Night", it was used to mean "everything is all right."
* [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Alphanumeric Wiktionary: Definition of "Alphanumeric"]
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alphanumeric — al‧pha‧nu‧me‧ric [ˌælfənjuː merɪk ǁ nuː ] also al‧phanu‧me‧ric‧al [ ˈmerɪkl] adjective using letters and numbers: • an alphanumeric password * * * alphanumeric UK US /ˌælfənjuːˈmerɪk/ adjective (also alphanumerical) ► … Financial and business terms
alphanumeric — (adj.) 1912, contracted from ALPHABET (Cf. alphabet) + numeric (see NUMERICAL (Cf. numerical)) … Etymology dictionary
alphanumeric — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ consisting of or using both letters and numerals … English terms dictionary
alphanumeric — [al΄fə no͞o mer′ik, al΄fənyo͞omer′ik] adj. [ ALPHA(BET) + NUMERIC(AL)] having or using both alphabetical and numerical symbols … English World dictionary
alphanumeric — also alphanumerical adjective Etymology: alphabetic + numeric, numerical Date: 1950 1. consisting of both letters and numbers and often other symbols (as punctuation marks and mathematical symbols) < an alphanumeric code >; also being a character … New Collegiate Dictionary
alphanumeric — alphanumerically, alphamerically, adv. /al feuh nooh mer ik, nyooh /, adj. Computers. (of a set of characters) including letters, numbers, and, often, special characters, as punctuation marks: alphanumeric code. Also, alphameric /al feuh mer ik/ … Universalium
alphanumeric — al|pha|nu|mer|ic [ˌælfənju:ˈmerık US nu: ] adj also al|pha|nu|mer|i|cal [ ˈmerıkəl] [Date: 1900 2000; Origin: alphabet + numerical] using letters and numbers ▪ alphanumeric codes … Dictionary of contemporary English
alphanumeric — alÂ·phaÂ·nuÂ·merÂ·ic || â€šÃ¦lfÉ™njuË merÉªk adj. constituting a character in an alphanumeric system; consisting of letters and numbers … English contemporary dictionary
alphanumeric — adjective using letters and numbers: an alphanumeric code … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
alphanumeric — al•pha•nu•mer•ic [[t]ˌæl fə nuˈmɛr ɪk, nyu [/t]] also al pha•nu•mer′i•cal adj. cmp utilizing letters, numbers, and often special characters or symbols: an alphanumeric code[/ex] • Etymology: 1950–55; alpha (bet) +numeric ( al) al… … From formal English to slang