Herbert York

Herbert York

Infobox Scientist
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caption =Herbert F. York in 1957
birth_date = November 24, 1921
birth_place = Rochester, NY
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residence = |citizenship = San Diego, California
nationality = American
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field = physics
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alma_mater =University of Rochester, University of California, Berkeley
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Herbert Frank York (Born in Rochester, NY, November 24, 1921) is an accomplished American nuclear physicist who has held numerous scientific and administrative positions within the United States government and various educational institutes.

He earned his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Rochester, and his Ph. D. from the University of California, Berkeley.

After leaving Rochester, York left to work on the Manhattan Project during World War II at the Oak Ridge production site as a physicist.

After the war ended, York returned to school at Berkeley to earn his Ph. D. Barely three years out of graduate school, he served as the University of California Livermore National Laboratory's first Director. Since leaving the Lab in 1958, he has held numerous positions in both government and academia, including Chief Scientist of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, Director of Defense Department Research and Engineering, Professor of Physics at the University of California, Berkeley, and Chancellor of the University of California, San Diego from 1961 to 1964, and again from 1970 to 1972. He is currently Director Emeritus of the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation at UC San Diego and serves as chairman of the university's Scientific and Academic Advisory Committee, which oversees activities at both Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories. He also serves on the board of the Council for a Livable World, a non partisan arms control organization in Washington, D.C. [http://livableworld.org/work/board/#_edn28]

From 1979 to 1981 he served as U.S. ambassador to the Comprehensive Test Ban negotiations in Geneva, Switzerland.

He currently lives in San Diego and occasionally guest lectures for the University of California San Diego and other institutions.York has written 6 books:
*Arms Control (Readings from Scientific American (W.H. Freeman, 1973)
*The Advisors: Oppenheimer, Teller and the Superbomb (W.H. Freeman, 1976)
*Race to Oblivion: A Participant's View of the Arms Race (Simon and Schuster, 1978)
*Making Weapons, Talking Peace: A Physicist's Journey from Hiroshima to Geneva (Harper & Row, 1987)
*A Shield in Space? Technology, Politics and the Strategic Defense Initiative (U.C. Press, 1988, with Sanford Lakoff)
*Arms and the Physicist (American Physical Society, 1994)

York has three children; daughters Rachel and Cynthia, and son David.

External links

* [http://www.llnl.gov/llnl/about/make_history.jsp Herbert York]
* [http://alsos.wlu.edu/qsearch.aspx?browse=people/York,+Herbert Annotated bibliography for Herbert York from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues]
* [http://webcast.ucsd.edu:8080/ramgen/UCSD_TV/8401.rm Interview: "Conversations with History: Reminiscences from a Career in Science, National Security, and the University, with Herbert F. York" ]
* [http://www.livableworld.org The Council for a Livable World website]

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См. также в других словарях:

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