- Fred Nile
Frederick John Nile (born
15 September 1934), Australian politician, clergyman and social activist, has been a member of the New South Wales Legislative Councilsince 1981, except for a period in 2004 when he resigned to contest (unsuccessfully) the Australian Senateat the 2004 federal election. Nile was re-elected for another term at the March 2007 state election.
Nile was born in
Kings Cross, New South Walesand was educated at Mascot Public and Cleveland Street High School (1940-1949). In 1952, during the Korean war, he (then only 17) volunteered to join the Australian Armywhere he served until 1953. He then transferred to the CMF / reserves and reached the rank of Major. OC., D Coy, 4 RNSW Regt, Merrylands before retiring in 1972. Nile attended the NSW Congregational Theological College; the Melbourne College of Divinity; the NSW United Faculty of Theology; the University of Sydney(Adult Matriculation) and the University of New England. He also attended lectures (MA Politics) at Macquarie Universitybut did not complete his degree except Theological Tertiary Course (L.Th).
Pre political career
In 1964 he was ordained as a Congregational Minister.
From 1964 to 1967, Nile was National Director of the Australian Christian Endeavour Movement, a Protestant youth leadership training organisation. In 1967-68 he was Assistant Director of the
Billy GrahamCrusade in Sydney before being employed as Director of the NSW Congregational Board of Evangelism. In 1970-71, he was involved in social work as Director of the Methodist Mission to the People of NSW, and from 1971 to 1973 he was Director of Outreach and Evangelism, Sydney City Wesley Central Methodist Mission.
In 1974, Nile was elected National Co-ordinator and NSW Director of the Australian Federation of Festival of Light - Community Standards Organisation (FOL-CSO), an organisation which campaigned "for purity, love and family life".
Fred Nile has been married to
Elaine Nilesince 1958, Elaine herself was a former member of the Legislative Council for 14 years. They have three sons and a daughter.
Nile is National President of the Christian Democratic Party, a conservative party which appeals to Christians on moral and social issues. In 2008 the party members installed Nile as party president for life. This move has been critised as "naive" by party member and fellow MLC
Gordon Moyeswho said "Fred's manipulation of a democratic party was disgraceful, but not unexpected". [http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/christian-soldiers-at-war/2008/09/06/1220121593002.html] Nile is noted for his controversial comments. He is known for his vocal opposition to drug abuse, violence against women and children and the "mistreatment of the Aboriginal Community" by State and Federal Governments. He is most often quoted by the media on issues relating to pornography, abortionand homosexuality.
In 2003 Nile resigned from the
Uniting Church in Australiawhen that church was alleged to have "officially decided to part with a literal interpretation of the Judeo-Christian Bible”. He was recently elected President-elect of the Fellowship of Congregational Churches, a group of Australian Congregationalists who declined to join the Uniting Church in 1977.
In 2007 Nile retired as NSW Director of the Australian Federation of Festival of Light.
At the 2007 New South Wales general election, Nile was returned for a further 8 year term.
Nile is Pastor of the Australian Christian Nation Association and Vice President of the Australian Christian Endeavour Union, an evangelical youth movement.
Views on the Muslim community
Moscow theatre hostage crisisin 2002, he asked whether the then Minister of Police thought it necessary to ban full body coverings, like the chadorworn by the Chechen terrorists, from Parliament and places of public gathering to prevent the carriage of weapons or explosive devices. Nile renewed the call as a part of the " War on Terrorism" after other attempts were made to exploit the cultural dress. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2007/06_june/11/newsnight.shtml BBC - Press Office - Woman asked to be suicide bomber by husband ] ]
10 March2007 Nile called for a moratorium on immigration to Australia by Muslims: "Australians deserve a breathing space so the situation can be carefully assessed,” he told an audience in North Ryde. [cite news
title = Stop Muslim immigration, NSW Christian Democrats say
Australian Broadcasting Corporation
url = http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200703/s1868622.htm
accessdate = 2007-03-11 ]
Nile asked for the removal of the then Australian Muslim leader
Sheik Taj El-Din Hilalyafter the Sheik placed the blame for sexual assault on the female victims. [ [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20646437-601,00.html Muslim leader blames women for sex attacks | The Australian ] ] .
In December 2007 Nile made controversial comments concerning the construction of a Muslim School in the Sydney suburb of Camden, and was seen at many events in contra to the school.
As a consequence of Nile’s public position, he has received significant condemnation and death threats from the Islamic community. [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/state-election-2007/death-threats-fail-to-deter-nile/2007/03/13/1173722471409.html Death threats fail to deter Nile - State Election 2007 - smh.com.au ] ]
Views on homosexuality
Nile is a vocal opponent of the
Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, which he describes as a "public parade of immorality and blasphemy". [cite web|url=http://www.cdp.org.au/fed/mr/060304f.asp|title="God Forgive Sydney! – Sydney Mardi Gras"|publisher="Christian Democratic Party"|date= 2006-03-04|accessdate=2007-11-01] Nile objected to the “indecency and obscenity in various parts of the Mardi Gras” and stated that it reinforced “the worst stereotypes”. [cite web|url=http://www.greenleft.org.au/1998/319/21176|title="Fred Nile debated at Sydney University"|publisher=" Green Left Weekly"|date= 1998-05-27|accessdate=2007-10-18]
In 2005, Nile called for the repealing of
New South Walesanti-vilification laws, partly in response to a ruling by the Equal Opportunity Division of the Administrative Decisions Tribunal which found that two radio hosts had vilified a gay couple. Nile claimed that the Homosexual Vilification Act was being abused to gag free speech. He said, "You make a joke about Baptists, Catholics, the Pope, Irish people... why can't you make a joke about homosexuals?". [cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2005/02/25/1310585.htm|title="Nile wants 'draconian' gay vilification laws abolished"|publisher=" Australian Broadcasting Corporation"|date= 2005-02-25|accessdate=2007-11-01]
Views on The Greens
Nile is a frequent critic of the
Australian Greens. He has described them as the "watermelon party - Green on the outside but red on the inside, with a bit of a pink tinge." [cite web|url=http://www.cdp.org.au/fed/mr/061122ff.asp|title="Pagan Green Party Threatens Future Of Victoria"|publisher="Christian Democratic Party"|date= 2006-11-22|accessdate=2007-11-01] This phrase has been subsequently repeated by other conservative Australian politicians, such as John Anderson. [cite web|url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/09/06/1094322715096.html|title="Anderson sees red over `watermelon' Greens"|publisher= The Age|accessdate=2008-02-22]
Nile also frequently labels the Greens as being "anti-family", "anti-Christian" and "
pagan", citing their opposition to the current practice of opening parliament with daily prayers and policies such as the legalisation of same-sex marriage. [cite web|url=http://www.cdp.org.au/fed/mr/061122ff.asp|title="Pagan Green Party Threatens Future Of Victoria"|publisher="Christian Democratic Party"|date= 2006-11-22|accessdate=2007-11-01]
*"Fred Nile: A Biography" Sydney: Strand: 2001: ISBN 1876825790
Christian Democratic Party (Australia)
Family First Party
Congregational Federation of Australia
Uniting Church in Australia
* David Penberthy – Editor, Daily Telegraph Sydney. [http://www.cdp.org.au/fed/eMag/images/0407wk2c.jpg‘He Had A Seat - And It Wasn't On A Fence’] , Daily Telegraph,
July 14 2004
* Bill Simpson [http://www.cdp.org.au/fed/eMag/extras/0503wk4f.mht ‘Please Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood’] , Illawarra Mercury,
February 26 2005
*Malcolm Brown and Sean Nicholls, [http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/05/10/1084041337172.html 'And God said unto Fred: go to the Senate'] , Sydney Morning Herald,
May 11 2004, accessed 27 August 2006.
* [http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/hansart.nsf/V3Key/LC19961204005 Fred Nile speech to parliament opposing nude bathing]
* [http://www.frednile.com/ Official Website]
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