- List of Rural Districts in England and Wales 1894 - 1930
The following is a list of
rural districts established in England and Walesby the Local Government Act 1894. The list includes all districts that existed up to the series of County Review Orders that amalgamated and abolished numerous small rural districts in the 1930s.
Rural districts were based on the areas of existing rural sanitary districts, which had been created in 1875. Sanitary districts were themselves based on the poor law unions, and frequently contained areas in more than one county.
The 1894 Act provided that where a rural sanitary district was situated in more than one
administrative countythe part in each county would become a separate rural district. There were however exceptions "where for special reasons the county council otherwise direct" involving very small areas. In these cases there were three options:
* Rural districts could be in more than one administrative county
* Parishes could be united to neighbouring rural district or districts in the same county
* Parishes in one administrative county could be administered by a rural district in another
There were only a handful of cross-county rural districts, often due to complicated county boundaries unsuited to administration of local government services. These were:
* Stow on the Wold,
Initially there were a large number of parishes in one county administered by a rural district council in another, but by 1897 most of these had been transferred to the adjacent county. Those that remained persisted until the 1930s in
Breconshire, Cardiganshire, Denbighshire, Huntingdonshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshireand Worcestershire. The parish of Pennalin Merionethshirecontinued to be administered from Montgomeryshireuntil 1958. Anglesey Breconshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire Denbighshire Dorset East Sussex Glamorgan Herefordshire Isle of Ely Lancashire Lincolnshire, Parts of Kesteven Middlesex
Nottinghamshire Radnorshire Soke of Peterborough Surrey West Suffolk Worcestershire
* F A Youngs, "Guide to the Local administrative Units of England"
* County Census Reports 1901–1931
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