- Daniel Marot
Born in Paris, he was a pupil of Jean Le Pautre and the son of Jean Marot (1620–1679), who was also an architect and engraver. Marot was working independently as an engraver from an early age, making engravings of designs by Jean Bérain, one of Louis XIV's official designers at the Manufacture des Gobelins, where far more than tapestry was being produced. The family were Huguenots and were part of the wave of émigrés who left France in the year of the Edict of Fontainebleau and Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) to settle in Holland. Daniel Marot brought the fully developed court style of Louis XIV to Holland, and later to London. In the end, the English style which is loosely called "William and Mary" owed much to his manner.
In the Netherlands Marot was employed by the Stadthouder, who later became William III of England; in particular, he is associated with designing interiors in the palace of Het Loo, from 1684 on. Though his name cannot be attached to any English building (and he doesn't have an entry in Howard Colvin's exhaustive Dictionary of British Architects) we know from his own engraving that he designed the great hall of audience for the States-General at the Hague. He also decorated many Dutch country-houses.
In 1694, he traveled with William to London, where he was appointed one of his architects and Master of Works. In England his activities appear to have been concentrated at Hampton Court Palace, where he designed the garden parterres, which were swept away in the following generation and have been restored at the end of the 20th century. Much of the furniture, especially the mirrors, gueridons and state beds, in the new State Rooms readied for William at Hampton Court bears unmistakable traces of his authorship; the tall and monumental embroidered state beds, with their plumes of ostrich feathers, their elaborate valances and cantonnieres agree very closely with his later published designs (illustration, right).
In his engraved designs, Marot's range was extraordinarily wide. He designed practically every detail in the internal ornamentation of the house: carved chimneypieces, plaster ceilings, panels for walls, girandoles and wall brackets, and side tables with their pairs of tall stands. He designed gold and silver plate. The craze for collecting china which was at its height in his time is illustrated in his lavish designs for receptacles for porcelain: in one of his plates there are more than 300 pieces of china on the chimney-piece alone.
After William's death Marot returned to Holland, in 1698, where he lived out his life. We owe much of our knowledge of his work to the folio volume of his furniture designs published at Amsterdam in 1712. Not surprisingly the designs show strong French and Dutch influences; what reads as their "English" look is more probably the result of Marot's court style on other London designers.
- Life and Design Examples
- Das Ornamentwerk des Daniel Marot: in 264 Lichtdrucken nachgebildet, 1892 at the University of Heidelberg.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Daniel Marot — Prunkbett von Daniel Marot Daniel Marot (* 1661 in Paris; † 4. Juni 1752 in Den Haag) war ein französischer Protestant, Architekt und Kupferstecher des klassizistischen Spätbarock im Stile Ludwigs XIV. Er war der Sohn von Jean Marot (1620 1679),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Daniel Marot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marot. Daniel Marot, né à Paris en 1661 et mort en 1752, est un architecte français. Fils de Jean Marot, il fut l’élève et le collaborateur de son père. Après la révocation de l’édit de Nantes, il passa en… … Wikipédia en Français
Marot — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Clément Marot (1496–1544), französischer Dichter Daniel Marot (1663–1752), französischer Architekt und Kupferstecher Helen Marot (1865–1940), US amerikanische Schriftstellerin und Bürgerrechtlerin Jean… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marot (name) — Marot is a surname, and may refer to: Clément Marot, French poet Daniel Marot, French Protestant architect, furniture designer and engraver Jean Marot, father of Clément and also a poet and to: Marót, the Hungarian name for Moroda village, Seleuş … Wikipedia
Marot — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Marot est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Jean Marot, (1450 1526), poète français ; Clément Marot, (1496 1544), fils du… … Wikipédia en Français
Marot, Jean — ▪ French architect and engraver born c. 1619 died Dec. 15, 1679, Paris French architect and engraver who was one of a large family of Parisian craftsmen and artists. Although he was a Protestant, Marot was named architect of the king … Universalium
Marot — [ma ro], 1) Clément, französischer Dichter, * Cahors 23. 11. 1496, ✝ Turin 10. (12.?) 9. 1544; Sohn des Hofpoeten Jean Marot (* um 1450, ✝ 1527), der ihn in der Verskunst der Rhétoriqueurs unterwies. 1519 trat er in den Dienst der Margarete… … Universal-Lexikon
Daniel Augé — war ein französischer Hersteller von Automobilen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Unternehmensgeschichte 2 Fahrzeuge 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marot, Daniel — ▪ French architect and designer born 1661, Paris died June 4, 1752, The Hague French born Dutch architect, decorative designer, and engraver whose opulent and elaborate designs contributed to European styles of decoration in the late 17th… … Universalium
Grand Marot — Jean Marot (architecte) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marot. Jean Marot, né en 1619 à Paris où il est mort le 15 ou 16 décembre 1679, est un architecte et graveur français. Il a écrit des ouvrages importants pour la connaissance des … Wikipédia en Français