Alfred Hermann Fried


Alfred Hermann Fried

Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864 in Vienna, Austria- May 5, 1921 in Vienna), was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.

Life

Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a book store in Vienna. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a book shop of his own in 1887. He created and wrote "Die Waffen nieder!" ("Lay Down Your Arms"), and in 1892 he and Bertha von Suttner began to print it in magazine format. In articles published within "Die Waffen nieder!" and its successor, "Die Friedenswarte" ("The Peace Watch"), he articulated his pacifist philosophy.

In 1892 he was a co-founder of the German peace movement. He was one of the fathers of the idea of a modern organization to assure world-wide peace (the principal idea was fulfilled in the League of Nations and after the Second World War in the UN).

Fried was a prominent member of the Esperanto-movement. In 1903 he published the book "Lehrbuch der internationalen Hilfssprache Esperanto" ("Textbook of the International Language of Esperanto"). In 1911 he received the Nobel Peace Prize together with Tobias Asser. During the First World War he lived in Switzerland and died in Vienna in 1921.

Work

*Das Abrüstungs-Problem: Eine Untersuchung. Berlin, Gutman, 1904.
*Abschied von Wien - [http://www.literature.at/elib/www/wiki/index.php/Abschied_von_Wien_%28Alfred_Hermann_Fried%29 eLibrary Austria Project (elib Austria etxt in German)]
*The German Emperor and the Peace of the World, with a Preface by Norman Angell. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1912.
*Die Grundlagen des revolutionären Pacifismus. Tübingen, Mohr, 1908. Translated into French by Jean Lagorgette as Les Bases du pacifisme: Le Pacifisme réformiste et le pacifisme «révolutionnaire». Paris, Pedone, 1909.
*Handbuch der Friedensbewegung. (Handbook of the Peace Movement) Wien, Oesterreichischen Friedensgesellschaft, 1905. 2nd ed., Leipzig, Verlag der «Friedens-Warte», 1911.
*«Intellectual Starvation in Germany and Austria», in Nation, 110 (March 20, 1920) 367-368.
*International Cooperation. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Richardson [1918] .
*Das internationale Leben der Gegenwart. Leipzig, Teubner, 1908.
*«The League of Nations: An Ethical Institution», in Living Age, 306 (August 21, 1920) 440-443.
*Mein Kriegstagebuch. (My War Journal) 4 Bde. Zürich, Rascher, 1918-1920.
*Pan-Amerika. Zürich, Orell-Füssli, 1910.
*The Restoration of Europe, transl. by Lewis Stiles Gannett. New York, Macmillan, 1916.
*Der Weltprotest gegen den versailler Frieden. Leipzig, Verlag der Neue Geist, 1920.
*Die zweite Haager Konferenz: Ihre Arbeiten, ihre Ergebnisse, und ihre Bedeutung. Leipzig, Nachfolger [1908] .

ee also

*List of Austrian writers
*List of Austrians
*List of Austrian Jews

References

* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Peace/alfred_fried.html About Alfred Hermann Fried]
* [http://www.geocities.com/peace_888grom/fried-bio.html Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864-May 5, 1921)]
* [http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1911/fried-bio.html Nobel biography]


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  • Alfred Hermann Fried — (* 11. November 1864 in Wien; † 4. Mai 1921 ebd.) war ein österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller. Als Gründer der Zeitschrift Die Waffen nieder!  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Hermann Fried — (né le 11 novembre 1864 mort le 4 mai 1921 à Vienne) était un journaliste autrichien, qui milita en faveur de la paix, dans les années qui précédèrent la Première Guerre mondiale. Ancien libraire et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Hermann Fried — Alfred …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfred Hermann Fried — (n. Viena, 11 de noviembre de 1864 † Viena, 5 de mayo de 1921) Periodista y pacifista austríaco. Hacia 1883 se trasladó a Berlín, donde primero fue librero, abriendo su propia imprenta en 1887. Conoció a la baronesa Bertha von Suttner quien le… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Friedensnobelpreis 1911: Tobias Michael Carel Asser — Alfred Hermann Fried —   Der Niederländer Asser erhielt den Preis für seinen Einsatz für das internationale Recht, der Österreicher Fried für sein literarisches Wirken für den Pazifismus.    Biografien   Tobias Michael C …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FRIED, ALFRED HERMANN — (1864–1921), Austrian publicist and Nobel peace prize winner. Born in Vienna, Fried served as an Austrian diplomat for a short time but became discouraged and went to Berlin where he became a book dealer and publisher. After 1891 he devoted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fried, Alfred Hermann — ▪ Austrian pacifist and publicist born Nov. 11, 1864, Vienna, Austria died May 5, 1921, Vienna       Austrian pacifist, publicist, cofounder of the German peace movement, and cowinner (with Tobias Asser (Asser, Tobias Michael Carel)) of the Nobel …   Universalium

  • Alfred Fried — Alfred Hermann Fried (* 11. November 1864 in Wien; † 4. Mai 1921 ebd.) war ein österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller. Als Gründer der Zeitschrift Die Waffen nieder! und weiterer Aktivitäten für den Frieden bekam Fried 1911 gemeinsam mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fried — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Hermann Fried (1864–1921), österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller Amelie Fried (* 1958), deutsche Schriftstellerin und Moderatorin, Tochter Kurt Frieds Erich Fried (1921–1988),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fried — may refer to: * Fried (album), a 1984 album by Julian Cope *Frying of food * Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver Jacobson, a law firm *Fried, a TV series (2000)Fried is also a surname derived from de. Frieden, peace , and may refer to: * Alfred Hermann …   Wikipedia


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