Calmecac


Calmecac

The Calmecac (IPA| [kal'mekak] "the house of the lineage") was a school for the children of Aztec nobility ("pīpiltin" IPA| [piːpiltin] ) in the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history, where they would receive rigorous religious and military training. The calmecac is to be contrasted with the Tēlpochcalli (IPA| [teːlpotʃ'kalli] "house of youth") where mostly commoners received military training. Only a few commoners ("mācēhualtin" IPA| [maːseːwaltin] ) entered the Calmecac, and those who did only trained for priesthood. [Hassig (1988), p.34. ]

The calmecac of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, was located in the ceremonial center of the city and it was dedicated to Quetzalcoatl. [Hassig (1988), p.34. ]

The "calmecac" was the students' home for the duration of their training, and they would enter the school as young as five to seven years of age. The students received instruction in songs, rituals, reading and writing, the calendar ("tōnalpōhualli" IPA| [toːnalpoː'walli] ) and all the basic training which was also taught in the telpochcalli.

Students commenced formal military training around age fifteen. [Hassig (1988), p.35. ]

Promising sons of nobles would be trained especially by the military orders of the Jaguar warriors ("ōcēlōmeh" IPA| [oːceːloːmeʔ] ) or Eagle warriors ("cuāuhtin" IPA| ['kʷaːwtin] ) in their quarters, the "cuāuhcalli" IPA| [kʷaːw'kalli] ). [Hassig (1988), p.36. ]

Notes

ources

*cite book |author=aut|Hassig, Ross |year=1988 |title=Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control |publisher=University of Oklahoma Press |location=Norman |id=ISBN 0-8061-2121-1


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calmécac — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Calmecac (del náhuatl calli casa , mecatl morador y c lugar ) era la escuela para los hijos de los nobles aztecas. En esta escuela se les entrenaba para ser sacerdotes, guerreros de la élite, jueces, senadores,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Calmecac — Glyphe nahuatl représentant un calmecac (codex Mendoza, recto du folio 61). Le calmecac (mot nahuatl signifiant « alignement de maisons », composé de « calli », « maison », et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calmécac — {{#}}{{LM C46899}}{{〓}} {{[}}calmécac{{]}} ‹cal·mé·cac› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Escuela a la que asistían los antiguos nahuas …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • calmecac — noun An ancient school for the children of Aztec nobility …   Wiktionary

  • calmécac — s m Centro educativo de los antiguos nahuas al que asistían principalmente los hijos de los nobles y de los sacerdotes, y en el que se enseñaban los conocimientos que se tenían por más elevados como la religión, la dirección militar, la lectura,… …   Español en México

  • calmecac — cal·me·cac …   English syllables

  • calmecac — |kälmā|käk noun ( s) Etymology: Spanish, from Nahuatl : an Aztec school that prepared the sons of nobles in the duties of priests and chiefs distinguished from telpuchcalli …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hostal Villa Calmecac — (Куэрнаваки,Мексика) Категория отеля: Адрес: Zacatecas 114 Colonia Buenavista …   Каталог отелей

  • Azteque — Aztèques Aire maximum approximative des territoires sous domination aztèque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Azteques — Aztèques Aire maximum approximative des territoires sous domination aztèque …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.