Emily Greene Balch


Emily Greene Balch

Emily Greene Balch (January 8 1867 – January 9 1961) was an American academic, writer, and pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946 (the prize that year was shared with John Mott), notably for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF).

Born in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston into an affluent family, she was amongst the first graduates of Bryn Mawr College in 1889. She continued to study sociology and economics in Europe and the United States, and, in 1896, she joined the faculty of Wellesley College, becoming a full professor of economics and sociology in 1913.

During the World War I, she helped to found the League and campaigned against America's entry into the conflict.

When her contract was terminated by Wellesley because of her pacifist activities, she became an editor of "The Nation", a well-known liberal news magazine, acted as secretary of the WILPF (a second term in 1934 without salary for a year and a half), and did much work for the League of Nations.

Balch converted from Unitarianism and became a Quaker in 1921. She never married. She died the day after her 94th birthday.

References

* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1946/ Nobel Committee information on 1946 Peace Prize laureates]


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  • Emily Greene Balch — Emily Greene Balch, née à Boston (Massachusetts) le 8 janvier 1867 et morte à Cambridge (Massachusetts) le 9 janvier 1961, est une économiste, pacifiste …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Balch,Emily Greene — Balch (bôlch), Emily Greene. 1867 1961. American economist and sociologist. A founder of the Women s International League for Peace and Freedom (1919), she shared the 1946 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Balch, Emily Greene — born Jan. 8, 1867, Jamaica Plain, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 9, 1961, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. sociologist and peace activist. She studied at Bryn Mawr College and taught at Wellesley College from 1896. She founded a settlement house in Boston and served …   Universalium

  • Balch, Emily Greene — (1867 1961) Balch was an American sociologist who pioneered the concept of role and the use of statistical techniques in sociology. She carried out important comparative analyses of immigrant life in both Europe and America, and forged links… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Balch, Emily Greene — (8 ene. 1867, Jamaica Plain, Mass., EE.UU.– 9 ene. 1961, Cambridge, Mass.). Socióloga estadounidense y activista de la paz. Asistió al Bryn Mawr College y, a partir de 1896, fue profesora de Wellesley College. Fundó un centro comunitario en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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