- Lambeth Palace
Lambeth Palace is the official
Londonresidence of the Archbishop of Canterbury. It is located in Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thamesa short distance upstream of the Palace of Westminsteron the opposite shore. It was acquired by the archbishopric around 1200. Lambeth Palace Roadis to the west, Lambeth Roadis to the south and Lambeth Bridgeis to the south-west.
The south bank of the Thames, not part of historic London, developed slowly because the land was low and sodden: Lambeth Marsh it was called, as far downriver as Blackfriars. The name "Lambeth" embodies "hithe", a landing on the river: archbishops came and went by water, as did
John Wycliff, who was tried here for heresy. In the English peasants' revolt of 1381the Palace was attacked, and Archbishop Simon of Sudbury, captured by the rebels, was later executed.
The oldest remaining part of the palace is the Early English
chapel. The so-called Lollard’s Tower, which retains evidence of its use as a prisonin the 17th century, dates from 1440. There is a fine Tudor brick gatehouse built by John Cardinal Morton in 1495. Reginald Cardinal Polelay in state in the palace for forty days after he died there in 1558. It is thought that the figtree in the palace courtyard is possibly the "White Marseille" fig planted by Cardinal Pole in 1525.
Great Hallwas ransacked by Cromwellian troops during the English Civil War, and after the Restoration it was rebuilt by archbishop William Juxonin 1663(dated) with a late Gothic hammerbeam roof, the likes of which had not been constructed for a hundred years. In this context, the choice of a hammerbeam roof was evocative; it spoke of High-Church Anglican continuity with the Old Faith (the King's brother was an avowed Catholic), a visual statement that the Interregnum was over. As with some Gothic details on University buildings of the same date, it is debated among architectural historians whether this is "Gothic survival" or an extraordinary early work of the "Gothic Revival." The diarist Samuel Pepysrecognized it for what it was: "a new old-fashioned hall" he called it.Among the portraits of the archbishops now housed in the Palace are examples by Hans Holbein, Anthony van Dyck, William Hogarthand Sir Joshua Reynolds.
New construction was added to the building in
1834by Edward Blore(1787–1879), who rebuilt much of Buckingham Palacelater. Here his work is neo-Gothic enough to have satisfied Sir Walter Scott, and it fronts a spacious quadrangle. It is these buildings which are now inhabited by the archbishop.
Lambeth Palace Library
The palace is now also home to Lambeth Palace Library, the official library of the Archbishop of Canterbury and principal holder of records for the history of the
Church of England, founded as a public library by archbishop Richard Bancroftin 1610. This contains a vast collection of material relating to ecclesiastical history, including archbishops' and bishops' archives and papers relating to various Anglicanmissionary and charitable societies. The valuable collection of original manuscripts contains important material, some dating as far back as the 9th century. The various other collections contain material on an immense variety of topics from the history of art and architecture to colonial and Commonwealth history, and innumerable aspects of English social, political and economic history. The library is also a significant resource for local history and genealogy.
The adjacent parish church of St Mary-at-Lambeth was rebuilt around
1850, though the ancient monuments preserved give it an appearance of antiquity. Among them are tombs of some of the archbishops, including Richard Bancroft, and of the gardeners and plantsmen John Tradescant the elderand his son of the same name, and of Admiral William Bligh. St Mary's was deconsecrated in 1972, and a few years later the Museum of Garden Historyopened there, because of its Tradescant associations.
Archbishops who died at Lambeth Palace
Palace of Whitehall
* List of palaces
* [http://www.archbishopofcanterbury.org/108 Lambeth Palace official website]
* [http://www.lambethpalacelibrary.org/ Lambeth Palace Library official website]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=47051 Very detailed architectural description] - from the "
Survey of London" online
* [http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=all&q=Lambeth+Palace&m=text Flickr images tagged Lambeth Palace]
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Lambeth Palace — Lambeth Palace, Westseite, mit der Themse im Vordergrund Lambeth Palace ist die offizielle Londoner Residenz des Erzbischofs von Canterbury und befindet sich in Lambeth, am Südufer der Themse, eine kurze Strecke stromaufwärts vom Palace of… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lambeth Palace — Lambeth Pal|ace a large very old building that is the official home in London of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The name Lambeth Palace is sometimes used in news reports to mean the people who are in charge of the Church of England ▪ Lambeth… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Lambeth Palace — 51°29′44″N 0°7′11″O / 51.49556, 0.11972 … Wikipédia en Français
Lambeth Palace — the official residence of the archbishop of Canterbury, in Lambeth. * * * Lambeth Palace [Lambeth Palace] the official home of the ↑Archbishop of Canterbury, the head of the ↑Church of England, in Lambeth, central London … Useful english dictionary
Lambeth Palace — the official residence of the archbishop of Canterbury, in Lambeth. * * * ▪ building, London, United Kingdom formerly Lambeth House , official London residence of the Anglican archbishop of Canterbury (Canterbury, archbishop of) and… … Universalium
lambeth palace — official residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in London which is situated in Lambeth … English contemporary dictionary
Lambeth Palace Road — runs between Westminster Bridge and Lambeth Bridge, in Lambeth, London SE1, on the south bank of the River Thames. St Thomas Hospital lies between it and the river. At the southern end is Lambeth Palace, the London base of the Archbishop of… … Wikipedia
Lambeth Konferenz — ist die alle zehn Jahre stattfindende Vollversammlung aller anglikanischen Bischöfe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Geschichte 3 Chronologie der Konferenzen 4 Literatur 5 Web … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lambeth Road — is a road in Lambeth (to the west) and Southwark (to the east), London SE1 running between Lambeth Bridge over the River Thames at the western end and St George s Circus at the eastern end. The road is designated the A3203.Lambeth Palace, the… … Wikipedia
Lambeth-Konferenz — ist die alle zehn Jahre stattfindende Vollversammlung aller anglikanischen Bischöfe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Geschichte 3 Chronologie der Konferenzen 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia