Sibi Jataka

Sibi Jataka

Sibi Jataka is one of the Jataka tales detailing episodes of the various incarnations of Buddha. Each Jataka tale illustrates the Buddhist ideals of "Dharma" and sacrifice in various forms. Tradition states that these tales were narrated by Buddha himself during his ministry in India to emphasise that by the constant practice of virtuous deeds one reaches the status of "Nirvana" or enlightenment.

The Story of King Sibi

King Sibi ruled over the kingdom of Sibi and was known for his philanthropy. One day, Indra and Agni came to test the limits of the king's generosity. The two gods disguised themselves as a hawk and a pigeon. The hawk started chasing the pigeon and the pigeon fell on King Sibi's lap trembling with fear. The hawk demanded the king to surrender the pigeon as its prey. The king refused saying that the pigeon had sought his protection.

After much argument the hawk agreed to leave the pigeon alone if the king would offer a piece of flesh from his own body which was equivalent to the weight of the pigeon. The king was more than happy to make such a sacrifice. Strangely, after endless slicing off his flesh and placing it on the scale, the king found that he could not equal the weight of the pigeon. The king threw his entire body on the scale and even then the scales tipped in favour of the pigeon. At this point the hawk and the pigeon revealed their true identity and praised the king for his unbounded charitable spirit.


There are many versions of the Sibi Jataka and the one narrated above is also found in the "Mahabharata". Another version of the story of Sibi is narrated as follows:

"Indra came as a blind person to King Sibi and asked him to donate one of his eyes so that he could regain his sight partially. Sibi, however, offered both eyes for the complete restoration of the blind man's sight. The ready willingness of king Sibi to sacrifice both his eyes moved Indra into revealing his true form and blessing the king. "

In the Chinese Buddhist tradition, the two versions of the story are attributed to two different kings. The king who sacrifices his eyes is called "Kuai-mu Wang" - the king with happy eyes.

Cave Paintings

The story is depicted in numerous Buddhist cave paintings. An example of this can be found in Cave 17 at Ajanta. This shows a man holding a set of scales while the king is engaged in cutting his flesh out. The panel also shows the king’s courtiers, and subjects rejoicing this noble act of their king. A painting in the Mogao Caves (Cave 275) shows a panel illustrating five jataka tales. The two versions of the Sibi legend are depicted in this panel.

Connections with the Chola Dynasty

The story of King Sibi has been linked with the South Indian dynasty of Cholas who ruled between c 100 C.E. to c. 1250 C.E. The later Cholas claimed to have descended from Sibi. The Tamil name for Sibi was "Sembiyan". This name was assumed by many Chola kings.

See also

* Shibi

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chejarla —   village   Coordinates Country India State Andhra Pradesh …   Wikipedia

  • Chola Dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name = சோழர் குலம் conventional long name = Chola Empire common name = Chola Empire continent = Asia region = South East Asia country = era = Middle Ages status = event start = year start = 300s BC date start =… …   Wikipedia

  • Shibi — King Shibi Chakravarti (Emperor Shibi) is a famous king in Hindu mythology and Buddhist Jataka Tales. The story of the King and the pigeon and the hawk is used to illustrate the compassion and generosity of the king. This story of Shibi appears… …   Wikipedia

  • Chola dynasty — Chola redirects here. For other uses, see Chola (disambiguation). Chola Empire சோழ நாடு 300s BC–1279 …   Wikipedia

  • Sivi Kingdom — Sivi (alias Sibi, Shibi, Shivi) is mentioned as a kingdom and as the name of a king in the epic Mahabharata. Probably there was a Sivi king who became famous as Sivi or the kingdom itself may be named after him. Sivi (alias Sibi, Saivya) king was …   Wikipedia

  • Usinaras — were an ancient people attested to have been living in central Punjab since remote antiquity. They were often associated with Madras, Kekayas, Sibis etc and their territory formed part of Vahika country according to evidence of Panini. Usinaras… …   Wikipedia

  • Shivi — (Hindi:शिवि) was a republic in ancient India, ruled by a democratic system of government known as ganatantra. Kshudrakas had formed a sangha with Malavas. Shivis formed a sangha with a big federation or sangha known as Jat, which is clear from… …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of terms in Hinduism — The following is a glossary of terms and concepts in Hinduism. The list consists of concepts that are derived from both Hinduism and Hindu tradition, which are expressed as words in Sanskrit as well as other languages of India. The main purpose… …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of Hinduism terms — An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium