Liu Biao

Liu Biao


Liú Biǎo (? - August,208 AD) was the governor of the Jing province during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China. He was a member of the same extended family as the Han emperors.

When the Han Dynasty became consumed with war after the Yellow Turban Rebellion, Liu Biao fought a war against the warlord, Sun Jian. One of Liu Biao's brilliant strategists, Kuai Liang, devised a plan to eliminate Sun Jian by crushing him with logs as he rode towards the main camp of Liu Biao, and succeeded. Later, Sun Jian's two elder sons, Sun Ce and Sun Quan, caused Liu Biao no end of trouble as they sought to avenge their father’s death. However, they did not cause Liu Biao's demise. Whilst Cao Cao (in the north) was gaining strength, Liu Biao chose to neither help nor hinder his conquests.

Later, during Cao Cao’s decisive Battle of Guandu against Yuan Shao (203- 207 AD), Liu Biao remained neutral, despite being one of the only other warlords in a position to oppose the two powers. Liu Biao, however, eventually decided to shelter Liu Bei, an enemy of Cao Cao. This made him a target of Cao Cao’s wrath. Later, after Cao Cao's unification of the North, a large army was sent to conquer the Jingzhou. Along with Liu Bei, Liu Biao's forces took several early victories. After impressing the remnants of Yuan Shao's forces into his already grand army, however, Cao Cao's superior numbers eventually took toll on Liu Biao's defenses. With a decline in relations between Liu Biao and Liu Bei, as a result of the meddling of Cai Mao's family, Liu Biao's people were faced with difficulty.

Shortly after Cao Cao's main army began its offensive, Liu Biao died of sickness. According to the historical novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", long before his death, sensing his own deteriorating condition, he had discussed with Liu Bei which of his two sons should succeed him. The traditional choice would be his elder son, Liu Qi, yet he predicted (correctly) that his wife would favour Liu Cong, his second son. Ultimately, he followed Liu Bei's advice and chose Liu Qi to succeed him. However, after Liu Biao's death, his wife altered his will, leaving Liu Cong with possession of much of Liu Biao's land. The weak Liu Cong immediately surrendered to Cao Cao and his elder brother, who had still retained control of one city. Due to its strategic positioning between all three warring factions during the Three Kingdoms era, many battles were fought (and lives were lost) in Jingzhou over the course of the various campaigns and battles fought between [Shu Han] , [Cao Wei] and [Eastern Wu] .

ee also

* Eastern Han Dynasty
* Three Kingdoms
* List of personages of the Three Kingdoms
* "Records of Three Kingdoms"
* "Romance of the Three Kingdoms"


* Sons
** Liu Qi
** Liu Cong

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liu Biao — Liú Biǎo (chinesisch 劉表, IPA (hochchinesisch) [[li̯oʊ̯35 b̥i̯ɑo̯214]]) (* 142; † 208) war der Gouverneur der Jing Provinz (heute Hubei) unter der Han Dynastie und Mitglied der kaiserlichen Familie. Im Kaiserhaus war er Mitglied der Acht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu Biao — Liu Biao(劉表)était un lointain cousin de Liu Bei. Puissant ministre de l empereur Han et roi d un grand royaume, il vainquit Sun Jian et préserva son territoire, qui fut néanmoins pris par Cao Cao, quelques années après sa mort. Il tua Sun Jian… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liú — Liu ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu — ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu Qi — may refer to:* Liu Qi (Han Emperor), 6th emperor of the Western Han Dynasty * Liu Qi (Three Kingdoms) eldest son of Liu Biao * Liu Qi (Chinese politician) former mayor of Beijing and president of Beijing Organizing Committee during the 2008… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Bei — Dans ce nom asiatique, le nom de famille précède le prénom. Portrait de Liu Bei. Liu Bei (v. 161 21 juin 223) ou Lieou Pei en transcription EFEO (en chinois traditionnel : 劉備, simplifié  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liu Bei — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Liu Bei Title=Founding emperor Kingdom=Shu Han Born=161 Birth place=Zhuozhou, Hebei, China Died=June 21 223 Death place=Baidicheng, Chongqing, China Reign=221–223 Successor=Liu Shan Simp=刘备 Trad=劉備 Pinyin=Liú Bèi… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Cong (Three Kingdoms) — Chinese t=劉琮 s=刘琮 p=Liú CóngLiu Cong was the second son of the famous warlord Liu Biao during the Three Kingdoms period of China. BiographyLiu Cong and his elder brother, Liu Qi, were both the sons of Liu Biao s late first wife. Liu Cong was… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Qi (Three Kingdoms) — Chinese t=劉琦 s=刘琦Liú Qí (? 209) was the first son of Liu Biao and a general in the Three Kingdoms period of China. When Liu Bei sought refuge with his father, he sought the help of Zhuge Liang, Liu Bei s chief advisor, as it is said that his step …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Cong (Han Zhao) — See also Liu Cong (刘琮), son of Liu Biao Liu Cong (劉聰) (d. 318), courtesy name Xuanmen (玄門), nickname Zai (載), formally Emperor Zhaowu of Han (Zhao) (漢(趙)昭武帝), was an emperor of the Chinese/Xiongnu state Han Zhao.Liu Cong s reign was one filled… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.