Smilevo


Smilevo

Smilevo ( _mk. Смилево) is a village in the Republic of Macedonia, municipality of Demir Hisar.

It is famous for the Ilinden uprising which started in the village in the morning of August 2, 1903. Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization's (IMRO) Smilevo congress of 1903, at which the decision for the uprising was brought, took place in Smilevo from May 2 to May 7.

The village is the native place of Dame Gruev, one of the founders and most prominent leaders of IMRO.

Geography

The village is situated in the southernmost part of Demir Hisar municipality on the foothills of Bigla mountain on 880 m above sea level on an area of 16,4 sqare kilometres, 1400 ha of which are forests, 113 ha are pastures and 104 ha are cultivated area.It is 10 km from the Demir HisarBitola road.

History

The village was the venue of the IMRO's Smilevo Congress of 1903, at which the decision for uprising against the Ottoman rule in Macedonia was brought by the most prominent members of IMRO.

It was attacked by IMRO] 's revolutionaries on August 2, 1903, which was marked as the beginning of the Ilinden uprising.

Economy

Smilevo people are traditionally masons who have worked on constructing houses and other objects in other villages and cities in the Republic of Macedonia, former Yugoslavia and abroad. In addition to this, many villagers are involved in producing charcoal, agriculture, forestry and other businesses in the surrounding cities and abroad.

Demographics

The population of the village is Macedonian. In 1961, the number of inhabitants was 1,158, while in 1994, the number decreased to 384 due to migration of the people to the cities.

ights

Near the village is one of the most beautiful monasteries in the country dedicated to St. Peter and Paul ( _mk. Свети Петар и Павле, "Sveti Petar i Pavle"). It has been recently renovated.

On the hill above the village, there is a memorial park dedicated to Dame Gruev.

A museum dedicated to the Smilevo congress and the National Liberation Struggle was opened on the 100th anniversary of the Ilinden uprising in 2003.

Famous inhabitants

Dame Gruev, founder of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smilevo — Sp Smilevas Ap Смилево/Smilevo L Makedonija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Dame Gruev — Damyan Yovanov Gruev or Damjan Jovanov Gruev, often known by his short name Dame Gruev,[1] (January 19, 1871, Smilevo, present day Republic of Macedonia December 10, 1906 near Petlec peak in Maleshevo, present day Republic of Macedonia) was an… …   Wikipedia

  • Damé Grouev — Portrait de Damé Grouev Naissance 19 janvier 1871 Smilevo Décès 23 décembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bitola — Manastir redirects here. For other uses, see Manastir (disambiguation) and Monastir (disambiguation). Bitola Битола Širok Sokak street …   Wikipedia

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  • Revuelta de Ilinden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Activistas búlgaros capturados por el ejército otomano. La Revuelta de Ilinden (en búlgaro: Илинденско Преображенско въстание, Ilindensko Preobrazhensko văstanie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mijaks — Мијаци Mijaci Total population 30,000 60,000 Regions with significant populations Radika region, Mavrovo, Rostuša Languages Macedonian Religion …   Wikipedia

  • Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising — A map of the uprising in the regions of Macedonia and Thrace. Present day borders are visible, together with Ottoman frontiers at the time. The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising or simply the Ilinden Uprising of August 1903 (Bulgarian: Илинденско… …   Wikipedia

  • National Liberation War of Macedonia — For other uses of terms redirecting here, see Macedonian struggle. National Liberation War of Macedonia Part of the Yugoslav Front of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Demir Hisar Municipality — Општина Демир Хисар   Municipality   …   Wikipedia


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