Oblique case


Oblique case

An oblique case (abbreviated obl; Latin: casus generalis) in linguistics is a noun case of synthetic languages that is used generally when a noun is the object of a verb or a preposition. An oblique case can appear in any case relationship except the nominative case of a sentence subject or the vocative case of direct address.

Languages with a nominative or an oblique case system also contrast with those that have an absolutive or ergative case system. In ergative-absolutive languages, the absolutive case is used for a direct object (the subject will then be in the ergative case); but the absolutive case is also used for the subject of an intransitive verb, where the subject is being passively described, rather than performing an action. Nevertheless, there are ergative-absolutive languages that demonstrate oblique cases; in the Northwest Caucasian languages Adyghe, Kabardian and Ubykh, the oblique case marker serves to mark the ergative case, the dative case, and the object of a verbal applicative.

Bulgarian, an analytic Slavic language, also has an oblique case—or, rather, two of them for pronouns:

Accusative:

  • "Kiss me!": целувай ме! (tseluvay me!)
  • "Kiss me! (not him)" целувай мен! (tseluvay men!)

Dative:

  • "Give me that ball": дай ми тaзи топка (day mi tazi topka)
  • "Give that ball to me" дай тaзи топка на мен (day tazi topka na men)

There is also one for masculine nouns with the article:

  • "The wind is blowing": Вятърът вее (vyatǎrǎt vee)
  • "I despise the wind": Mразя вятъра (mrazya vyatǎra)

In analytic Indo-European languages, the oblique case is a relic of the original, more complex system of noun cases from the common Proto-Indo-European language. Oblique cases appear in the English pronoun set; these pronouns are often called objective pronouns. One can observe how the first person pronoun me serves a variety of grammatical functions:

She bit me!
Give me the rubber hose!
Stop spitting on me!
Me, I like French.

The pronoun me is not inflected differently in any of these uses; it is used for all grammatical relationships except the genitive case of possession and a non-disjunctive nominative case as the subject.

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oblique case — Oblique Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oblique case — noun any grammatical case other than the nominative • Syn: ↑oblique • Ant: ↑nominative (for: ↑oblique) • Hypernyms: ↑case, ↑grammatical case …   Useful english dictionary

  • oblique case — noun Any noun case except the nominative case or the vocative case, where the noun is the object of a verb or the object of a preposition. The term is commonly used in Hindi grammar …   Wiktionary

  • oblique case — noun Date: 1530 a grammatical case other than the nominative or vocative …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • oblique case — См. caso obliquo …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • Oblique — Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from, the base; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oblique angle — Oblique Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oblique arch — Oblique Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oblique ascension — Oblique Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oblique bridge — Oblique Ob*lique , a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see {Ob }) + liquis oblique; cf. licinus bent upward, Gr. le chrios slanting.] [Written also {oblike}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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