- Glasgow Queen Street railway station
Infobox UK station
name = Glasgow Queen Street
other_name = Sràid na Banrighinn
caption = Glasgow Queen Street high level platforms
code = GLQ
pte = SPT
latitude = 55.8622
longitude = -4.2512
usage0203 = 2.029
usage0405 = 3.731
usage0506 = 3.735
usage0607 = 14.053
platforms = 9 (2 on low level)
years = 21 February 1842
events = High Level Station opened
years1 = 15 March 1886
events1 = Low Level Station opened
Glasgow Queen Street ("Glaschu Sràid na Banrighinn" in Gaelic) is a
railway stationin Glasgow, Scotland, and is one of the city's town centre termini. The station—the third busiest station in Scotland [ [http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1529| Office of Rail Regulation, Station Usage] ] —is situated between George Street to the south and Cathedral Street Bridge to the north, at the northern end of Queen Street adjacent to George Square. [ [http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=queen+street+station+glasgow&sll=53.800651,-4.064941&sspn=12.687488,28.300781&ie=UTF8&ll=55.863127,-4.251237&spn=0.011752,0.027637&z=15 Google Maps listing] .]
Glasgow Queen Street is a key city centre terminus, serving northern and eastern Scotland—including Edinburgh Waverley—from its high level platforms. The station is managed by
First ScotRailwho operate all of the passenger services including the flagship Glasgowto Edinburghshuttle. Queen Street's platforms are situated over two floors, with each serving different routes:
The high level station is the upper, and largest, floor of the complex, and serves as the terminus for routes through eastern and northern Scotland:
*Edinburgh Waverley: link to capital in around 45 minutes; connecting with onward services to
Aberdeen railway station. (This route also serves Perth and Dundee railway station.)
Inverness railway station.
Highland Main Line("West Highland line") to Fort William, Mallaig, and Oban. First Scotraildiesel trainsserve the high level. The high level railway approaches the station building through the Queen Street Tunnel, which runs beneath the Buchanan Galleries shopping centreto the Sighthill area northeast of the city centre whence the tracks converge from their various routes.
Queen Street low level is the smaller set of platforms of the station, and is accessed downstairs of the high level. The low level is the most central city centre stop for the
North Clyde Lineof the Glasgow suburban electric network. Trains frequently run between Helensburgh, Balloch, and Milngavie on the Firth of Clyde, and Airdrie—on the edge of the Greater Glasgowconurbation, Drumgelloch, and Springburn.
The low level, unlike the high level, is not a terminus, but rather an intermediate stop for the through line; it is, however, as heavily used as the high level. The line is also served by
Charing Cross railway stationand by High Street railway station, both of which lie within Glasgow city centre.
The stretch of this line between High Street, Queen Street and Charing Cross was in fact built before the
Glasgow Subway, making it the oldest piece of underground railway in the city.
The station was originally built for the
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway, opened on 18 February 1842. The climb through the tunnel to Cowlairs was at 1 in 42 and until 1909 trains were hauled up on a rope operated by a stationary enginealthough experiments were carried out using banking engines between 1844/48. In 1945 there was a minor railway accidentwhen a train leaving the station slipped to a standstill and rolled back into another train. Modern diesel trains have no difficulty with the climb.
The adjacent Buchanan Street station of the rival
Caledonian Railwaywas closed on 7 November 1966 as a result of the Beeching axeand its services to Stirling, Perth, Inverness, Dundeeand Aberdeenwere transferred to Queen Street. This caused difficulties with longer trains, as Queen Street is in a confined position between George Square and the tunnel and barely takes six coaches. Current trains, however, are usually of two to four coaches, running more frequently.
signal box, opened in 1881, was located on a gantry spanning the tracks close to the tunnel mouth. It closed on 26 February 1967when control of the High Level station was transferred to a panel in Cowlairs signal box. That box was superseded by the new Cowlairs signalling centre on 28 December 1998.
The Low Level station had two signal boxes, 'Queen Street West' and 'Queen Street East'. Both boxes were situated over the tracks and both were closed on
8 February 1960. The low level lines came under the control of Yoker Signalling Centre (IECC) on 19 November 1989.
In early 2007, Network Rail began construction work on a new Glasgow Signalling Centre on the Cowlairs site which will ultimately replace signal boxes in the Glasgow area, north and south of the River Clyde.
Various schemes to link Queen Street to Central Station have been considered over the years, as Glasgow's weakest link in railway terms is that passengers travelling from the north of Scotland to the south via Glasgow and vice-versa have to traverse the city centre by road via a shuttle bus, or on foot. Even the
Glasgow subwayserves neither main line station, although Buchanan Street subway station is at least adjacent to Queen Street.
The preferred solution to the problem is a Crossrail initiative which would use a disused freight line which links High Street to the Gorbals area. This initiative [http://www.spt.co.uk/microsites/Crossrail/] was recently awarded a grant from the
Scottish Governmentto investigate costs for possible link to be built between the two halves of the Glasgow rail network. A date of 2009 is estimated for completion of the project.
In August 2006,
Network Railrevealed that it intends to redevelop Queen Street substantially, making use of the Hanover Street car park area to provide more retail space, and also to upgrade the station's entrances.
The CRT screens which displayed train timetables and passenger information were replaced with new LED information boards similar, but smaller in size, to those in
Glasgow Central Stationin January 2008.
* [http://www.hipkiss.org/cgi-bin/maps.pl?book=British%20Transport%20Commission%20Passenger%20Transport%20In%20Glasgow%20And%20District Glasgow and District Transport Plans - 1951] with details of Queen Street and proposed new station
First ScotRail Cumbernauld Line
First ScotRail Maryhill Line
First ScotRail Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line
Line and Station open
previous=Glasgow High Street
Line and Station open
Glasgow City and District Railway North British Railway
Line open; Station closed
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway North British Railway
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