- Homer Lea
Homer Lea (
November 17, 1876— November 1, 1912), was an American an author of works on geopolitics, and became military advisory and general in the army of Sun Yat-sen.
Denver, Coloradoto Alfred E. (b.1845) and Hersa A. (1846-1879; née Coberly) Lea, his father served with the 3rd Colorado Cavalry during the Civil War. His mother died before his third birthday, 13 August 1879. [ [http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=chtrout&id=I13228 Alfred E. LEA] . - | [http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=chtrout&id=I13223 Hersa A. COBERLY] . - | RootsWeb. - Retrieved: 2008-07-06] Alfred is listed in the Jackson County, Missouri1850 census, Washington Township, with the entire family being born in Tenessee. [ [http://ftp.us-census.org/pub/usgenweb/census/mo/jackson/1850/pg0252b.txt Jackson, MO 1850 Federal Census: file 4] . - USGENWEB. - Retrieved: 2008-07-06]
His grandfather, Dr. Pleasant John Graves Lea (b.1808; also grandfather of
Thomas Calloway Lea, Jr., Homer's first cousin, a prominent attorney and mayor of El Paso, Texas), is the namesake for Lee's Summit, Missouri, although the name became spelled with an "e" instead of "a" because a stone culvert next to the Missouri Pacific Railroadstation was set this way. [" Kansas City Star". - April 27, 1908. - Retrieved: 2008-07-06] [http://www.ahr-kc.com/reports/19th_century_stone_culverts/ Historical Overview of 19th Century Stone Culverts: Longview Road] . - Architectural and Historical Research. - Retrieved: 2008-07-06]
Homer was born healthy, but after suffering a drop to a
hearthstone as a baby, [Lea, Tom (illustrations and interviews), Rebecca McDowell Craver and Adair Margo, (1995). - "Tom Lea: An Oral History". - El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press. - p.10. - ISBN 9780874042344] he became a hunchback, standing only convert|4|ft|11|in|abbr=on with a weight under convert|100|lb|abbr=on. He attended Los Angeles High Schooland even accompanied friends on camping trips in the San Bernardino Mountains, in spite of his physical hindrances. Lea aspired to be a great soldier and somehow managed to get an appointment to West Point, though he was soon dismissed for health reasons. He was later admitted to Stanford University, where in addition to military history and politics, he became enamored with Chinaand Chinese culture.
At 23, with the
Boxer Rebellionunderway in China, Lea decided to travel to the Far Eastand offer his services to Kang Youwei, a former prime minister of China who was attempting to restore power to the confined Guangxu Emperor. Lea convinced Kang to make him a lieutenant general and give him command of a small volunteer force. Lea's first command was not very successful as Kang's power and support was rapidly destroyed, but he did make it to Beijingin time to ride through the city with the international force that liberated it from the Boxers. Lea offered pursuit of the retreating Imperial Army, but his rag-tag soldiers were no match for the Imperial forces and he was repulsed. Without any support after Kang's fall, Lea fled to Hong Kongand then Japan, where he met Sun Yat-sen.
Sun was intrigued by the diminutive foreigner and saw his natural flair and western background could be useful in building support for the republican movement. He therefore dispatched Lea along with Prince
Ch'i-ch'aoto the United Statesto raise funds. Lea returned to China in 1904 at the head of the Second Army Division, but this military campaign was unsuccessful and he was forced to return to the United States for health reasons.
quote="Only when arbitration is able to unravel the tangled skein of crime and hypocrisy among individuals can it be extended to communities and nations, as nations are only man in the aggregate, they are the aggregate of his crimes and deception and depravity, and so long as these constitute the basis of individual impulse, so long will they control the acts of nations."
In "The Valor of Ignorance" [Moffett, Cleveland, Wladyslaw T Benda, George H. Doran Company, (1916). - "The Conquest of America". - New York : George H. Doran Company. - OCLC search link|2357979]
title=The Valor of Ignorance
Once in the U.S., Homer Lea was instrumental in training the Chinese Imperial Reform Army, using American soldiers as instructors. Lea was also an author of two works on
geopolitics: "The Valor of Ignorance" predicted the rise of Japanese militarist aggression and a Japanese empire in the Pacific, while "The Day of the Saxon", commissioned by British Field Marshal Lord Frederick Roberts, predicted the rise of a greater German Reich based on national supremacy and ethnic purity. Neither of these books sold particularly well in America, but "The Valor of Ignorance" sold 84,000 copies in Japan and impressed both General Adna Chaffeeand General Douglas MacArthur, who tried unsuccessfully to make it compulsory reading at West Point. The books both contained a ring of truth about future events, but entrenched isolationists in America were not about to have their views challenged by a young, unknown upstart, and he was effectively ignored. His books remain little known today, as his theories were not particularly revolutionary; other geopoliticians could also see the same forces converging, but the public did not want to hear about it. Lea also planned to write a third book called "The Swarming of the Slav" predicting a Russian move to dominate Europe, but he died before he could complete it.
When Sun Yat-sen succeeded in making China a republic in 1911-1912, he made Lea a full general and his chief of staff. A stroke several months later, however, forced him to give up these positions and retire to the United States, where he died at age 35, in Ocean Park, California.
* 1908: "The Vermilion Pencil: A Romance of China". - New York: McClure. - OCLC search link|30756368::Reprinted 2003. - Stirling: Read Around Asia. - ISBN 9780954545000
* 1909: "The Valour of Ignorance". - London, New York: Harper and Brothers. - OCLC search link|1178360::Reprinted 1942. - ISBN 1931541663
* 1912: "The Day of the Saxon". - Harper and Brothers. - OCLC search link|250316::Reprinted 1942. ISBN 1932512020
*Anschel, Eugene, (1984). - "Homer Lea, Sun Yat-Sen, and the Chinese Revolution". - Praeger Pubs. ISBN 0030000637
*Alexander, Tom, (July, 1993). - "The Amazing Prophecies of 'General' Homer Lea". - "Smithsonian". - p.102.
* [http://www.homerleasite.com/Site/Welcome.html Who is Homer Lea?] A website entirely dedicated to our unsung hero, Homer Lea.
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