- Acoustic bass guitar
The acoustic bass guitar (also called ABG or acoustic bass) is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually somewhat larger than a steel-string
Acoustic basses were built in small numbers by the
Harmony Companyof Chicago and possibly several other builders in the 1950s.Fact|date=June 2008 The first modern acoustic bass guitar was developed in the early 1960s by Ernie Ballof San Luis Obispo, California. Ball's aim was to provide bass guitarists with a more acoustic-sounding instrument that would match better with the sound of acoustic guitars. Ball stated that "...if there were electric bass guitars to go with electric guitars then you ought to have acoustic basses to go with acoustic guitars." Ball notes that "...the closest thing to an acoustic bass was the Mexican guitarron...in mariachibands, so I bought one down in Tijuanaand tinkered with it." [ [http://www.ernieball.com/mmonline/history/ History of Ernie Ball Strings and Music Man Guitars] - Ernie Ball]
Ball collaborated with
George Fullerton, a former employee at Fender, to develop the Earthwoodacoustic bass guitar, which was introduced in 1972. Production of this instrument ceased in 1974, resuming a few years later under the direction of Ernie Ball employee Dan Norton, until production finally ended again in 1985. The Earthwood acoustic bass guitar was quite large (and deep) in contrast to most instruments in current production, which gave it more volume, especially in the low register. [http://www.reyesaccordions.com/Images/Earthwood77.jpgphoto 1] [http://www.lisa-und-georg.de/mediac/400_0/media/BME1.jpgphoto 2] [http://www.lisa-und-georg.de/mediac/400_0/media/Me~$26~Ernie.jpgphoto 3] The Ernie Ball company describes Ball's design as "an idea before its time"; the instrument was little-used in acoustic musical performances until the late 1980s, when the acoustic basses were used in performances on the " MTV Unplugged" television program. [ [http://www.ernieball.com/mmonline/history/ History of Ernie Ball Strings and Music Man Guitars] - Ernie Ball]
Construction and tuning
Unlike the electric bass guitar, which is generally a
solid bodyinstrument, the acoustic bass guitar usually has a hollow wooden body similar to (though usually somewhat larger than) that of the steel-string acoustic guitar. The majority of acoustic basses are fretted, but a significant number are fretless instead. Semi-fretted versions also exist, although they are quite rare.
Like the traditional electric bass and the
double bass, the acoustic bass guitar commonly has four strings, which are normally tuned E-A-D-G, an octavebelow the lowest four strings of the 6-string guitar. Like the electric bass guitar, models with five or more strings have been produced, although these are less common. In part, this is because the body of an acoustic bass guitar is too small to produce a resonanceof acceptable volume at lower pitches on the low "B" string. One solution uses the five string acoustic bass to add an additional high string ("E-A-D-G-C") instead of adding a low "B". Another solution is to rely on amplification to reproduce the low "B" string's notes.
Because it can be difficult to hear an acoustic bass guitar without an amplifier, even in settings with other acoustic instruments, most acoustic basses have pickups, either magnetic or
piezoelectricor both, so that they can be amplified with an instrument amplifieror a Public Address system.
There are also
semi-acousticmodels fitted with pickups that are intended to be used with an amplifier. The soundbox of these instruments is not large enough to amplify the sound; instead, it is designed to produce a distinctive tone when amplified, similarly to semi-acoustic electric guitars. Thin-body semi-acoustic basses such as the violin-shaped Höfnermade famous by the early Beatles and several Fender models are not normally regarded as acoustic basses at all, but rather as hollow-bodied bass guitars. As with semi-acoustic electric guitars, the line between acoustic instruments fitted with pickups and electric instruments with tone-enhancing bodies is sometimes hard to draw. Saga Musical Instrumentsproduces a four-string bass resonator guitarunder their "Regal" brand name. [http://www.folkofthewood.com/page2517.htm videos] National Reso-Phonic Guitarsalso produce three models of resonator bass guitar. [http://www.nationalguitars.com/newinstruments.html#bass]
Other manufacturers of acoustic bass guitars (not mentioned above) include Alvarez, Breedlove,
Cort, Crafter, Jerzey, Dean, Eston, Gibson, Washburn, Ibanez, Maton, Ovation, Michael Kelly, Prestige Ribbecke Halfling Bass, Sunlite, Takamine, Tacoma, Tanglewood, Larrivée, Warwick Fenderand Martin.
Mexican bass guitars
music of Mexicofeatures several varieties of acoustic bass guitars.
The baja sexto, with six pairs of strings, resembles a twelve-string guitar tuned an octave lower. The heavy gauge strings generate a large string tension, yet the guitar is built relatively lightly. The baja sexto began to be used in
Texasin the 1920s with the rise of "Tex-Mex" music, where it continues to be used to play the parts which would be played by the pianoin traditional American popular music. A Mexican variation of the baja sexto is called bajo sextoand matches the standard tuning of a 12-string guitar, one octave lower. The tuning of these instruments is (capital letters are an octave lower than small letters)::BAJA SEXTO - Ee Aa Dd Gg Cc Ff :BAJO SEXTO - Ee Aa Dd Gg Bb eeFact|date=August 2008
guitarrónor chitarrone is a very large, deep-bodied Mexican 6-string acoustic bass guitar played in Mariachibands. Other Latin American acoustic bass guitars exist as well, see: BordonuaAlso, since the classical contrabass guitarshares the same range as an ABG, it is a type of acoustic bass guitar, found in Mexico
* [http://www.cumpiano.com/Home/Articles/Special%20interest/Acbass/acbass.htm Acoustic bass guitars]
* [http://www.liutaiomottola.com/instruments/Tinozza.htm The Tinozza Acoustic Bass Guitar] Description and downloadable plans for a flattop ABG
* [http://www.liutaiomottola.com/instruments/uccello.htm The Uccello Grasso Acoustic Bass Guitar] Description and downloadable plans for an archtop ABG
* [http://www.liutaiomottola.com/PrevPubs/Bassola/Bassola.htm The Bassola Acoustic Bass Guitar] Description and summary assembly instructions for a large archtop ABG
* [http://www.discoverahobby.com/learnbassguitar.htm Discover a Hobby: Online guide to learn Bass Guitar]
* [http://www.banjo.com/shopping/shopexd.asp?id=780 5 string ABG] tuned B-E-A-D-G
* Ribbecke Guitar Co. - http://www.ribbeckehalfling.com
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bass guitar — A Music Man Stingray bass String instrument Other names Bass, electric bass guitar, electric bass. Classification … Wikipedia
Acoustic bass — The term acoustic bass could refer either to; *Double bass an upright contrabass violin *Acoustic bass guitar the acoustic version of the bass guitar … Wikipedia
Warwick (bass guitar) — Warwick is a bass guitar company founded in Germany in 1982 by Hans Peter Wilfer.=History== Bass Guitars =Warwick offers more than 20 bass models ranging in price from $1000 to over $7,000 (2006 pricing). Warwick basses are renowned for their… … Wikipedia
Acoustic — may refer to:In science: * Acoustics, a branch of physics that studies sound ** Musical acoustics, the branch of acoustics that studies the physics of music * Acoustic meatus, another name for the ear canal *Acoustic recording, a pre microphone… … Wikipedia
Bass (instrument) — Bass (pronounced like the word base ) refers to a variety of musical instruments that can be collectively regarded as bass instruments since they produce tones that are in the low pitched range. They belong to different families of instruments… … Wikipedia
Guitar — Infobox Instrument name=Guitar names= classification=String instrument (plucked, nylon stringed guitars usually played with fingerpicking, and steel , etc. usually with a pick.) range= (a regularly tuned guitar) related=*Bowed and plucked string… … Wikipedia
Acoustic guitar — An acoustic guitar is a guitar that uses only acoustic methods to project the sound produced by its strings. The term is a retronym, coined after the advent of electric guitars, which depend on electronic amplification to make their sound audible … Wikipedia
Bass — NOTOC Bass or Basses may refer to:Music*Bass (musical term), describing low frequency sound.Instruments*Acoustic bass guitar, with a hollow body *Bass clarinet a clarinet with a lower sound *Bass cornett, a low pitched wind instrument *Bass drum … Wikipedia
Bass instrument amplification — for the bass guitar, double bass and similar instruments is distinct from other types of amplification systems due to the particular challenges associated with low frequency sound reproduction. This distinction affects the design of the… … Wikipedia
Acoustic Control Corporation — was a manufacturer of instrument amplifiers, founded by Steve Marks (with the help of his father) and based in Van Nuys, California. Its original location was a shack on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, California.Most of the amplifiers produced… … Wikipedia