Pennine Way


Pennine Way

Infobox Hiking trail
Name=Pennine Way
Photo=Pennine scenery.jpg
Caption=View from the Pennine Way, near Marsden
Location=Northern England, United Kingdom
Designation=UK National Trail
Length=429 km (268 mi)
Start/End Points=Edale, Derbyshire
Kirk Yetholm, Scottish Borders
Use=Hiking
ElevChange=
HighPoint=Cross Fell, Convert|893|m|ft|0|abbr=on
LowPoint=
Difficulty=Moderate to Strenuous
Season=All year
Sights=
Hazards=Severe Weather
The Pennine Way is a National Trail in England. The trail runs 429 kilometres (268 mi)cite web
url = http://www.nationaltrail.co.uk/PennineWay/text.asp?PageId=34
title = Trail stats, Pennine Way
accessdate = 2007-08-03
work = National Trails Homepage
publisher = The Countryside Agency
] from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and the Northumberland National Park, to end at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.

History

The path was the idea of the journalist and rambler Tom Stephenson, inspired by similar trails in the United States of America, particularly the Appalachian Trail. Stephenson proposed the concept in an article for the "Daily Herald" in 1935, and later lobbied Parliament for the creation of an official trail. The final section of the path was declared open in a ceremony held on Malham Moor on 24 April 1965. The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". Although not the United Kingdom's longest trail, [This distinction belongs to the 1,014 km-kilometre (630 mi) long South West Coast Path] it is according to the Ramblers' Association "one of Britain's best known and toughest". [cite web | author=Ramblers' Association| title=Pennine Way National Trail | url=http://www.ramblers.org.uk/info/paths/pennine.html | accessdate=2006-03-26]

Usage

The Pennine Way has long been popular with walkers, and in 1990 the Countryside Commission reported that 12,000 long-distance walkers and 250,000 day-walkers were using all or part of the trail per year. [cite book | first= | last= Countryside Commission| authorlink= | coauthors= | year= 1992| title= Pennine Way survey 1990: use and economic impact | edition= | publisher= | location= | id= ISBN 0-86170-323-5] They furthermore estimated that walkers contributed £2 million (1990) to the local economy along the route, directly maintaining 156 jobs. The popularity of the walk has resulted in substantial erosion to the terrain in places,Citation
last = Smith
first = Roly
title = Paving the Way
newspaper = The Guardian
date = 2001-07-07
url = http://travel.guardian.co.uk/article/2001/jul/07/unitedkingdom.walkingholidays.guardiansaturdaytravelsection
] and steps have been taken to recover its condition, including diverting sections of the route onto firmer ground, and laying flagstones or duckboards in softer areas. These actions have been generally effective in reducing the extent of broken ground, though the intrusion into the natural landscape has at times been the subject of criticism.Fact|date=April 2007

A number of Youth Hostels are provided along the route to break up the trek, in addition to many private establishments offering accommodation. It is easy for the walker to undertake just a short section of the trail, with 535 access points (on average, one every half-mile or approximately one kilometre) at which the Pennine Way intersects with other public rights of way.

As the majority of the Pennine Way is routed via public footpaths, access to those sections is denied to travellers on horseback or bicycle. In order to grant them a similar route, a Pennine Bridleway is also now under development (as of autumn 2005, two principal sections are open); the route is generally parallel to the Pennine Way, but starts slightly further south in Derbyshire.

Route

A survey by the National Trails agency reported that a walker covering the entire length of the trail is obliged to navigate 287 gates, 249 timber stiles, 183 stone stiles and 204 bridges. Unit kilometre|319|0 of the route is on public footpaths, Unit kilometre|112|0 on public bridleways and Unit kilometre|32|0 on other public highways. The walker is aided by the provision of 458 waymarks. [cite web | author=National Trails| title=Pennine Way interesting facts | url=http://www.ramblers.org.uk/info/paths/pennine.html | Format= PDF |accessdate=2006-03-27]

The route of the Pennine Way passes close to or through the following places (mountains and moors are marked in italics, towns and villages in normal type):

*Edale
*"Kinder Scout"
*"Bleaklow"
*Crowden
*"Black Hill"
*"Wessenden valley"
*"Saddleworth Moor"
*Standedge
*Littleborough
*"Stoodley Pike"
*Todmorden (for the Caldervale line)
*Hebden Bridge (for the Caldervale line)
*"Wadsworth Moor"
*"Keighley Moor"
*"Elslack Moor"
*Lothersdale
*Gargrave
*Airton
*Malham
*"Fountains Fell"
*"Pen-y-ghent"
*Horton in Ribblesdale (on the Settle-Carlisle Railway)
*"Dodd Fell Hill"
*Hawes (for the Wensleydale Railway)
*"Great Shunner Fell"
*"Kisdon"
*Kisdon Force
*Keld
*"Tan Hill"
*Crosses the A66
*Middleton-in-Teesdale and the Tees valley
*"High Cup"
*Dufton
*"Great Dun Fell"
*"Cross Fell"
*Alston
*Greenhead
*"Hadrian's Wall" (near the B6318)
*"Shitlington Crags"
*Bellingham
*"Windy Gyle"
*"The Cheviot"
*Kirk Yetholm

Further reading

The Pennine Way has attracted a number of writers over the years, including Stephenson himself, who wrote the first official guidebook. A popular guide was authored and illustrated by the writer Alfred Wainwright, whose offer to buy a half-pint of beer for anyone who finished the Pennine Way is estimated to have cost him up to £15,000 until his death in 1991. [cite news | first=Richard | last=Askwith | title= Alfred Wainwright: Grumpy, reclusive and eccentric | date=2 July 2005 | publisher=The Independent |url=http://travel.independent.co.uk/uk/article295614.ece ] The National Trails Guides series covers the Pennine Way in two volumes, each containing route description and 1:25000 maps of the entire walk.
Barry Pilton's book gives a more light-hearted and personal account of completing the Pennine Way, with a foreword by Mike Harding. Mark Wallington's book is another humorous personal story of the walk, accompanied by his dog. Movement artists, Tamara Ashley and Simone Kenyon, performed the entire length of the trail in August 2006. [cite web | title = Performing the Pennine Way | url = http://www.nationaltrail.co.uk/PennineWay/article.asp?ArticleId=10&PageId=3 | publisher = National Trails | accessdate = 2008-02-11 ] Their book documents the performance and invites readers to create their own interpretations of the landscapes along the way.

*cite book | last = Ashley | first=Tamara| coauthors=Simone Kenyon | year = 2007 | title = The Pennine Way: The Legs that Make Us | publisher = Brief Magnetics | isbn=0954907310
*cite book | first=Martin | last=Collins| year=2003 | title=The Pennine Way | chapter= | editor= | others= | pages= | publisher=Cicerone| id=ISBN 978 1 85284 386 1 | url= | authorlink=
*
*
*cite book | last = Pilton | first = Barry | authorlink=Barry Pilton|title = One Man and His Bog | publisher = Corgi Books| date = 1988 | id = ISBN 0-552-12796-5
*cite book | first=Richard | last=Pulk| year= 2007| title=Rambles of a Pennine Way-ster| chapter= | editor= | others= | pages= | publisher=Touchline| isbn=9780953664627 | url= | authorlink=
*cite book | first=Tom | last=Stephenson| year= | title=The Pennine Way | chapter= | editor= | others= | pages= | publisher=HM Stationery Office | id=ISBN 0-11-700903-2 | url= | authorlink= Tom Stephenson
*
*

ee also

*Long-distance footpaths in the UK
*Anglo-Scottish border

Footnotes

External links

* [http://www.nationaltrail.co.uk/PennineWay/index.asp Pennine Way Official Site]
* [http://www.penninewayassociation.co.uk/index.html Pennine Way Association]
* [http://www.davidgibbins.btinternet.co.uk/ The Pennine Way Site]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pennine Way — in der Nähe von Marsden Daten Länge 429 km Lage Nordengland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Pennine Way — /pɛnaɪn ˈweɪ/ (say penuyn way) noun a walking track in England reaching from Edale, Derbyshire, for 402 km to Kirk Yetholm in the Borders region …   Australian English dictionary

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