- William Labov
William Labov (pronEng|ləˈboʊv [cite journal| first=Matthew J.| last=Gordon| doi= 10.1177/0075424206294308| title=Interview with William Labov| journal=Journal of English Linguistics| volume=34|date=2006| pages=332–51| accessdate=2007-10-23] ; born
December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics. [E.g., in the opening chapter of "The Handbook of Language Variation and Change" (ed. Chambers et al., Blackwell 2002), J.K. Chambers writes that "variationist sociolinguistics had its effective beginnings only in 1963, the year in which William Labov presented the first sociolinguistic research report"; the dedication page of the "Handbook" says that Labov's "ideas imbue every page".] He has been described as "an enormously original and influential figure who has created much of the methodology" of sociolinguistics. [cite book| last=Trask| first=R. L. |title=A Student's Dictionary of Language and Linguistics |publisher=Arnold |id=ISBN 0-340-65266-7 |location=London |pages=124 |year=1997] He is employed as a professor in the linguisticsdepartment of the University of Pennsylvania, and pursues research in sociolinguistics, language change, and dialectology.
Born in Rutherford,
New Jersey, he studied at Harvard (1948) and worked as an industrial chemist (1949-61) before turning to linguistics. For his MA thesis (1963) he completed a study of change in the dialect of Martha's Vineyard, which was presented before the Linguistic Society of Americato great acclaim. Labov took his PhD (1964) at Columbia Universitystudying under Uriel Weinreich. He taught at Columbia (1964-70) before becoming a professor of linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania (1971), and then became director of the university's Linguistics Laboratory (1977). The methods he used to collect data for his study of the varieties of English spoken in New York City, published as "The Social Stratification of English in New York City" (1966), have been influential in social dialectology. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, his studies of the linguistic features of African American Vernacular English(AAVE) were also influential: he argued that AAVE should not be stigmatized as substandard but respected as a variety of English with its own grammatical rules. He has also pursued research in referential indeterminacy, and he is noted for his seminal studies of the way ordinary people structure narrative stories of their own lives.
More recently he has studied changes in the phonology of English as spoken in the United States today, and studied the origins and patterns of
chain shifts of vowels (one sound replacing a second, replacing a third, in a complete chain). He finds two major divergent chain shifts taking place today: a Southern Shift (in Appalachiaand southern coastal regions) and a Northern Cities Shift affecting a region from Madison, Wisconsineast to Utica, New York, as well as several minor chain shifts in smaller regions.
Among Labov's well-known students are John Baugh, Penelope Eckert,
Gregory Guy, Beatrice Lavandera, John Myhill, Geoffrey Nunberg, Peter Patrick, Shana Poplack, John Rickford, Deborah Schiffrin, Malcah Yaeger-Dror.
Labov's works include "Language in the Inner City: Studies in Black English Vernacular" (1972), "Sociolinguistic Patterns" (1972), "Principles of Linguistic Change" (vol.I Internal Factors, 1994; vol.II Social Factors, 2001), and, together with Sharon Ash and Charles Boberg, [http://www.mouton-online.com/anae.php "The Atlas of North American English"] (2006).
* [http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~wlabov/ William Labov's home page]
* [http://www.nbierma.com/audio Interview with William Labov]
* [http://eng.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/34/4/332 "Journal of English Linguistics" interview]
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5220090 NPR story "American Accent Undergoing Great Vowel Shift"]
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William Labov — Linguiste occidental XXe siècle XXIe siècle Naissance : 4 décembre 1927 Rutherford (NJ) … Wikipédia en Français
William Labov — (* 4. Dezember 1927 in Rutherford, New Jersey) ist ein US amerikanischer Linguist, der vor allem Sprachwandel und Sprachvariation erforscht. Leben und Werk Labov ist ein Schüler des jiddischen Sprachforschers Uriel Weinreich, der sich intensiv… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Labov — ( * Rutherford, Nueva Jersey, 4 de diciembre de 1927) es un lingüista norteamericano del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Pensilvania. Se le considera el fundador de la sociolingüística cuantitativa y su trabajo se ha centrado en… … Wikipedia Español
Labov — William Labov (* 4. Dezember 1927 in Rutherford, New Jersey) ist ein US amerikanischer Linguist, der vor allem Sprachwandel und Sprachvariation erforscht. Labov ist ein Schüler des jiddischen Sprachforschers Uriel Weinreich, der sich intensiv mit … Deutsch Wikipedia
Labov — (William) (né en 1927) linguiste américain; il développe la sociolinguistique … Encyclopédie Universelle
William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… … Universalium
Labov, William — born Dec. 4, 1927, Rutherford, N.J., U.S. U.S. linguist. After working for many years as an industrial chemist, Labov began graduate work in 1961, focusing on regional and class differences in English pronunciation on Martha s Vineyard, Mass.,… … Universalium
Labov, William — (4 dic. 1927, Rutherford, N.J., EE.UU.). Lingüista estadounidense. Después de trabajar muchos años como químico industrial, Labov inició estudios de postgrado en 1961, y se centró en las diferencias regionales y de clase social que presentaba la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Labov,William — La·bov (lə bōvʹ), William. Born 1927. American linguist who greatly advanced the study of sociolinguistics with his text The Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966). * * * … Universalium
New York dialect — The New York dialect of the English language is spoken by many European Americans, and some non European Americans who were raised in New York City and much of its metropolitan area. It is one of the most recognizable dialects within American… … Wikipedia